Language selection

Search

Text of the Final Agreement

Annex II: Reservations for Future Measures

Schedule of Korea – Explanatory Notes

1. Korea’s Schedule to this Annex sets out, pursuant to Articles 8.9.2 and 9.6.2, the specific sectors, sub-sectors, or activities for which Korea may maintain existing, or adopt new or more restrictive, measures that do not conform with obligations imposed by:

2. Each entry sets out the following elements:

3. In accordance with Articles 8.9.2 and 9.6.2, the Articles of this Agreement specified in the Obligations Concerned element of an entry do not apply to the sectors, sub-sectors, and activities identified in the Description element of that entry.

4. In the interpretation of an entry, all elements of the entry shall be considered equally.

5. For greater certainty, National Treatment (Article 9.2) and Local Presence (Article 9.5) are separate disciplines and a measure that is only inconsistent with Local Presence (Article 9.5) need not be reserved against National Treatment (Article 9.2).

Annex II - Schedule of Korea

1. Sector:

All Sectors

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 8.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)

Description:

Investment

1. Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain, with respect to the establishment or acquisition of an investment, a measure that is necessary for the maintenance of public order pursuant to Article 4 of the Foreign Investment Promotion Act (2012) and Article 5 of the Enforcement Decree of the Foreign Investment Promotion Act (2012), provided that the measure is applied in accordance with the procedural requirements set out in the Foreign Investment Promotion Act (2012), Enforcement Decree of the Foreign Investment Promotion Act (2012), and other applicable law.

2. Without prejudice to any claim that may be submitted to arbitration pursuant to Articles 8.18 and 8.19, a claimant may submit to arbitration under Section B of Chapter Eight (Investment) a claim that:

In the event of such a claim, Section B of Chapter Eight (Investment) shall apply, mutatis mutandis, and all references in Section B of Chapter Eight (Investment) to a breach, or to an alleged breach, of an obligation under Section A of Chapter Eight (Investment) shall be understood to refer to the measure, which would constitute a breach of an obligation under Section A of Chapter Eight (Investment) but for this entry. However, no award may be made in favour of the claimant, if Korea establishes to the satisfaction of the tribunal that the measure satisfies all the conditions listed in paragraph 1.

3. This entry does not apply to the extent that a measure referred to in paragraph 1 is subject to Chapter Ten (Financial Services).

2. Sector:

All Sectors

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the transfer or disposition of equity interests or assets held by state enterprises or governmental authorities.

Such a measure shall be implemented pursuant to of Chapter Nineteen (Transparency).

Notwithstanding Article 10.9.3, this entry is not treated as a non-conforming measure not subject to Article 10.2 (National Treatment).

This entry does not apply to former private enterprises that are owned by the state as a result of corporate reorganisation processes.

For the purposes of this entry:

A state enterprise includes any enterprise created for the sole purpose of selling or disposing of equity interests or assets of state enterprise or governmental authorities.

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Without prejudice to Korea’s Schedules to Annex I and Annex II, Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the transfer to the private sector of all or any portion of services provided in the exercise of governmental authority.

3. Sector:

Acquisition of Land

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 8.3)

Description:

Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the acquisition of land by foreign persons, except that a juridical person shall continue to be permitted to acquire land where the juridical person:

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the acquisition of farmland by foreign persons.

4. Sector:

Firearms, Swords, Explosives, and Similar Items

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the firearms, swords, explosives, gas sprays, electric shocks, and crossbows sector, including the manufacture, use, sale, storage, transport, import, export, and possession of firearms, swords, explosives, gas sprays, electric shocks, and crossbows.

5. Sector:

Disadvantaged Groups

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords rights or preferences to socially or economically disadvantaged groups, such as the disabled, persons who have rendered distinguished services to the state, and ethnic minorities.

6. Sector:

State-Owned Electronic Information System

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure affecting the administration and operation of any state owned electronic information system that contains proprietary government information or information gathered pursuant to the regulatory functions and powers of the government.

This entry does not apply to payments and settlement systems related to financial services.

7. Sector:

Social Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the provision of law enforcement and correctional services, and the following services to the extent that they are social services established or maintained for public purposes: income security or insurance, social security or insurance, social welfare, public training, health, and child care.

8. Sector:

All Sectors

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 9.4)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that is not inconsistent with Korea’s obligations pursuant to Article XVI of GATS as set out in Korea’s Schedule of Specific Commitments under the GATS (GATS/SC/48, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.1, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.1/Rev.1, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.2, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.3, and GATS/SC/48/Suppl.3/Rev.1).

For the purposes of this entry only, Korea’s Schedule is subject to the following modifications:

These modifications does not affect any limitation relating to sub-paragraph (f) of paragraph 2 of Article XVI of GATS inscribed in the Market Access column of Korea’s Schedule.

For greater certainty, an entry of “None” in the Market Access column of Korea’s Schedule is not construed to alter the application of Article 9.5 (Local Presence) as modified by Article 9.6 (Non-Conforming Measures).

9. Sector:

All Sectors

Obligations Concerned:

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords differential treatment to countries under any bilateral or multilateral international agreement in force or signed prior to the date of entry into force of this Agreement.

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords differential treatment to countries under any bilateral or multilateral international agreement in force or signed after the date of entry into force of this Agreement involving:

10. Sector:

Environmental Services – Treatment and Supply Services for Potable Water; Collection and Treatment Services for Municipal Sewage; Collection, Transportation, and Disposal Services for Municipal Refuse; Sanitation and Similar Services; Nature and Landscape Protection Services (Except for Environmental Impact Assessment Services)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the following environmental services: treatment and supply of potable water; collection and treatment of municipal sewage; collection, transportation, and disposal of municipal refuse; sanitation and similar services; and nature and landscape protection services (except for environmental impact assessment services).

This entry does not apply to the supply of the aforementioned services pursuant to a contract between private parties, to the extent private supply of such services is permitted under relevant laws and regulations.

11. Sector:

Atomic Energy – Nuclear Power Generation; Manufacturing and Supply of Nuclear Fuel; Nuclear Materials; Radioactive Waste Treatment and Disposal (including treatment and disposal of spent and irradiated nuclear fuel); Radioisotope and Radiation Generation Facilities; Monitoring Services for Radiation; Services Related to Nuclear Energy; Planning, Maintenance, and Repair Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the atomic energy industry.

12. Sector:

Energy Services – Electric Power Generation Other Than Nuclear Power Generation; Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and Sales; Electricity Business

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to electric power generation, transmission, distribution, and sales.

Any such measure shall not decrease the level of foreign ownership permitted in the electric power industry as provided by the 42nd entry in Korea’s Schedule to Annex I.

Notwithstanding this entry, Korea shall not adopt or maintain any measure inconsistent with Article 8.8.1(f).

13. Sector:

Energy Services – Gas industry

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the import and wholesale distribution of natural gas and the operation of terminals and the national high pressure pipeline network.

Any such measure does not decrease the level of foreign ownership permitted in the gas industry as provided by the 43rd entry in Korea’s Schedule to Annex I.

14. Sector:

Distribution Services – Commission Agents’ Services, Wholesaling and Retailing of Agricultural Raw Materials and Live Animals (nong chuk san mul)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to:

with respect to rice, ginseng, and red ginseng.

15. Sector:

Transportation Services – Passenger Road Transportation Services (Taxi Services and Scheduled Passenger Road Transportation Services)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to taxi services and scheduled passenger road transportation services.

16. Sector:

Transportation Services – Freight Road Transportation Services (not including Road Transportation Services Related to Courier Services)

Obligations Concerned:

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3) Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7) Performance Requirements (Article 8.8) Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to freight road transportation services, not including road transportation of containerised freight (excluding cabotage) by international shipping companies and road transportation services related to courier services.

17. Sector:

Transportation Services – Internal Waterways Transportation Services and Space Transportation Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to internal waterways transportation services and space transportation services.

18. Sector:

Transportation Services – Storage and Warehousing Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to storage and warehousing services related to rice.

19. Sector:

Communication Services – Non-monopoly Postal Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to:

For greater certainty, the Korean Postal Authority reserves its exclusive rights under domestic law for collecting, processing, and delivering domestic and international letters. This exclusive right is not affected in any way or form by any provisions in this Agreement. Such exclusive right of the Korean Postal Authority includes the right of access to its postal network and operation thereof.

20. Sector:

Communication Services – Broadcasting and Telecommunications Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Market Access (Article 9.4)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to subscription-based video services.

For the purposes of this entry, “subscription-based video services” means subscription-based video services that are supplied to end-users over dedicated transmission capacity that the supplier owns or controls (including by leasing) and includes Internet Protocol-based Television (IPTV) and Interactive Broadcasting.

For greater certainty, this entry is without prejudice to the scope and application of Article 22.6 (Cultural Industries).

21. Sector:

Communication Services – Broadcasting and Audio-Visual Services

Obligations Concerned:

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3) Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any preferential co-production arrangement for film or television productions. Official co-production status, which may be granted to a co-production produced under such a co-production arrangement, confers national treatment on works covered by a co-production arrangement.

22. Sector:

Communication Services – Broadcasting and Audio-Visual Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure setting criteria for determining whether broadcasting or audio-visual programs are Korean.

For greater certainty, this entry is without prejudice to the scope and application of Article 22.6 (Cultural Industries).

23. Sector:

Business Services – Real Estate Services (not including Real Estate Brokerage and Appraisal Services)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to real estate development, supply, management, sale, and rental services, except for brokerage and appraisal services.

24. Sector:

Business Services – Insolvency and Receivership Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to insolvency and receivership services.

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to corporate restructuring services, including corporate restructuring companies, corporate restructuring partnerships, and corporate restructuring vehicles.

For greater certainty, this entry is not construed to negatively affect current legitimate investment banking services subject to rights and obligations under Chapter Ten (Financial Services).

25. Sector:

Digital Audio or Video Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure to ensure that, upon a finding by the Government of Korea that Korean digital audio or video content or genres thereof is not readily available to Korean consumers, access to such content is not unreasonably denied to Korean consumers. With respect to digital audio or video services targeted at Korean consumers, Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure to promote the availability of such content.

A measure adopted or maintained pursuant to the paragraph above shall be implemented in accordance with Chapter Nineteen (Transparency) as applicable, be based on objective criteria, and be no more trade-restrictive or burdensome than necessary.

For the purposes of this entry, “digital audio or video service” means a service that provides streaming audio content, films, or other video downloads or streaming video content regardless of the type of transmission (including through the Internet), but does not include broadcasting services as defined by the Broadcasting Act or subscription-based video services as defined in the 20th entry in this Annex.

For greater certainty, this entry is without prejudice to the scope and application of Article 22.6 (Cultural Industries).

26. Sector:

Business Services – Cadastral Surveying Services and Cadastral Map-Related Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to cadastral surveying services and cadastral map-related services.

27. Sector:

Business and Environmental Services – Examination, Certification, and Classification of Agricultural Raw Materials and Live Animals (nong chuk san mul)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to examination, certification, and classification of agricultural raw materials and live animal products.

28. Sector:

Business Services – Services Incidental to Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, and Fishing

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to services incidental to agriculture, forestry, and livestock, including genetic improvement, artificial insemination, rice and barley polishing, and activities related to a rice processing complex.

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the supply of services incidental to agriculture, hunting, forestry, and fishing by the Agricultural Cooperatives, the Forestry Cooperatives, and the Fisheries Cooperatives.

29. Sector:

Fishing

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 8.3)

Description:

Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to fishing activities in Korea’s territorial waters and exclusive economic zone.

30. Sector:

Publishing of Newspapers

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the publishing (including printing and distribution) of newspapers.

For greater certainty, this entry is without prejudice to the scope and application of Article 22.6 (Cultural Industries).

31. Sector:

Education Services – Pre-Primary, Primary, Secondary, Higher, and Other Education

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to pre-primary, primary, and secondary education; health and medicine-related higher education; higher education for prospective pre-primary, primary, and secondary teachers; professional graduate education in law; distance education at all education levels (except adult education services, provided that such services do not confer academic credit, diplomas, or degrees); and other education services.

32. Sector:

Social Services – Human Health Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to human health services.

33. Sector:

Recreational, Cultural, and Sporting Services – Motion Picture Promotion, Advertising, or Post-Production Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to motion picture promotion, advertising, or post-production services.

For greater certainty, this entry is without prejudice to the scope and application of Article 22.6 (Cultural Industries).

34. Sector:

Recreational, Cultural, and Sporting Services – Museum and Other Cultural Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the conservation, reconstruction and restoration of cultural heritage and properties, including the excavation, appraisal, or dealing of cultural heritage and properties.

35. Sector:

Other Recreational Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 8.3)

Description:

Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to tourism in rural, fishery, and agricultural sites.

36. Sector:

Legal Services - Foreign Legal Consultants

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

1. Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measures including:

2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1,

3. Korea shall maintain, at a minimum, the measures adopted to implement its commitments in paragraph 2.

4. For the purposes of this entry, “Canadian law firm” means a law firm organised under Canadian law and headquartered in Canada.

37. Sector:

Professional Services – Foreign Certified Public Accountants

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

1. Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measures, including:

2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1,

3. Korea shall maintain, at a minimum, the measures adopted to implement its commitments in paragraph 2.

4. For the purposes of this entry, a “Canadian accounting corporation” means an accounting corporation or partnership organised under Canadian law and headquartered in Canada.

38. Sector:

Professional Services - Foreign Certified Tax Accountants

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

1. Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measures, including:

2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1,

3. Korea shall maintain, at a minimum, the measures adopted to implement its commitments in paragraph 2.

4. For the purposes of this entry, a “Canadian tax agency corporation” means a tax agency corporation or partnership organised under Canadian law and headquartered in Canada.

39. Sector:

Business Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.2)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the exportation and re-exportation of controlled commodities, software, and technology.

Only persons residing in Korea may apply for a license to export or re-export such commodities, software, or technology.

40. Sector:

All Sectors

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 8.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)

Description:

Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to an investment to supply a service in the exercise of governmental authority, as defined in Article 9.1 (Scope and Coverage) such as law enforcement and correctional services. This entry does not apply to:

41. Sector:

Transportation Services – Maritime Passenger
Transportation and Maritime Cabotage

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Articles 8.3 and 9.2)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Articles 8.4 and 9.3)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 8.7)
Performance Requirements (Article 8.8)
Local Presence (Article 9.5)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Korea reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the provision of international maritime passenger transportation services, maritime cabotage, and the operation of Korean vessels, including the following measures:

Appendix II-A

Korean Sectors Covered by Article XVI of the GATS

For the following Sectors/Sub-sectors, Korea’s obligations pursuant to Article XVI of the General Agreement on Trade in Services as set out in Korea’s Schedule of Specific Commitments under the GATS (GATS/SC/48, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.1, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.1/Rev.1, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.2, GATS/SC/48/Suppl.3, and GATS/SC/48/Suppl.3/Rev.1) are improved as described.

Sector/Sub-sectorMarket Access Improvements
Research and development services:

a. Research and development services on natural sciences 

b. Research and development services on social sciences and humanities 

c. Interdisciplinary research and development services 


Insert new commitments with “None” for modes 1 and 2, “Unbound” for mode 3 and “Unbound except as indicated in the Horizontal Commitments section.” for mode 4

Modify mode 1 and 2 limitations from “Unbound” to “None” 


Insert new commitments with “None” for modes 1 and 2, “Unbound” for mode 3 and “Unbound except as indicated in the Horizontal Commitments section” for mode 4
Market research and public opinion polling servicesModify mode 1 and 2 limitations from “Unbound” to “None” 
Services incidental to miningModify mode 1 and 2 limitations from “Unbound” to “None” 
Packaging servicesModify mode 1 and 2 limitations from “Unbound” to “None” 
Convention services other than Convention agency services Insert new commitments with “None” for mode 1, 2 and 3 and “Unbound except as indicated in the Horizontal Commitments section” for mode 4
Tourism and travel related services: 

a. Beverage serving services without entertainment

Excluding rail and air transport related facilities in beverage serving services without entertainment 

b. Tour operator services 

c. Tourist guides services


Insert new commitments with “Unbound*” for mode 1, “None” for mode 2 and 3 and “Unbound except as indicated in the Horizontal Commitments section” for mode 4


Insert new commitments with “None” for mode 1, 2 and 3 and “Unbound except as indicated in the Horizontal Commitments section” for mode 4

Modify mode 3 from “Only travel agencies are allowed to supply tourist guide services” to “None” 
Report a problem on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, please contact us.

Date Modified: