Canadian National Authority
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is implemented in Canada by the Canadian National Authority, which also serves as the focal point for effective liaison with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and other States Parties. The Canadian National Authority is located at Global Affairs Canada.
The Convention prohibits the development production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer and use of chemical weapons (Article I).
It requires each State Party which has declared possession to destroy chemical weapons and chemical weapon production facilities under its jurisdiction and control.
No chemical weapon production in Canada
Canada has no chemical weapons or chemical weapon production facilities. In line with provisions of the Convention, Canada can continue to produce and retain chemicals for domestic riot control purposes. Canada can also maintain facilities and material for use in protective research, such as the development and testing of:
- protective clothing;
- protective equipment; and
- medical counter-measures
Following Entry into Force of the Convention, Canada made an Initial Declaration to the OPCW. Canada also submits to the OPCW annual Declarations of Anticipated and Past Activities pursuant to Article VI (industrial facilities), Declarations of national protective programs pursuant to Article X, paragraph 4, and Destruction Reports of discovered Chemical Weapons (CW)/Old Chemical Weapons (OCW) pursuant to Article IV, paragraph 9.
Chemicals listed on the CWC’s Schedules, Discrete Organic Chemicals (DOCs), and related facilities are subject to data monitoring and on-site inspections. Companies or organisations whose business involves these chemicals must make appropriate declarations to the Canadian National Authority. In turn, the National Authority is responsible for making national Declarations to the OPCW. Declarations also include information on the export and import of Scheduled Chemicals.
The Declarations provided by Canada to the OPCW form the basis for on-site inspections. Canada and other States Parties are also obligated to receive international inspectors from the OPCW to verify declarations submitted under Article VI if verification thresholds are exceeded.
OPCW inspectors may also come to Canada to verify the destruction of chemical weapons or old chemical weapons (those made before January 1, 1946) found and reported under Article IV. The CWC also provides for Challenge Inspections to investigate suspected violations of its obligations.
What we do:
The Canadian National Authority:
- Advises domestic stakeholders on declaration and licensing regulations, and on inspection terms
- Collects declaration data from Canadian entities subject to the CWC, prepares and forwards declarations to the OPCW
- Provides advance notification of transfers of Schedule 1 chemicals
- Licenses the use, storage and production of Schedule 1 chemicals
- Facilitates the conduct of inspections
- Undertakes domestic and international outreach to ensure awareness of the Convention’s objectives and obligations
- Supports Canada’s Permanent Representation to the OPCW
Canada’s CWC obligations are implemented through the:
- Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act
- Declaration Regulations (Chemical Weapons Convention)
- Schedule 1 Chemicals Regulations (Chemical Weapons Convention)
For further information on the Chemical Weapons Convention and its implementation in Canada, including your obligations as a Canadian entity who works with scheduled chemicals or DOCs, please consult the following links:
Canadian National Authority to the Chemical Weapons Convention (IGN)
Global Affairs Canada
B-3, Lester B. Pearson Building
125 Sussex Drive
Fax: (613) 944-2501
Phone number of the National Coordinator: (343) 203-3183
Other relevant phone numbers:
- (343) 203-3180
- Date Modified: