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ARCHIVED - Economic Impact of International Education in Canada - An Update
Table of Contents
- Executive Summary
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Methodology
- 3. Literature Review
- 4. Number of International Students in Canada
- 5. Student Expenditure
- 6. Assessing the Economic Impact of International Education in Canada
- 7. Additional Benefit from Tourism Activities
- 8. Canada’s Performance in the Global Market
- 9. Conclusions and Recommendations
- Appendix 1 Reconciliation of RKA Estimates with Valuation by Statistics Canada
- Appendix 2 Scenario Analysis
Australian Council for Private Education and Training (ACPET) (2009). “The Australian Education Sector and the Economic Contribution of International Students."
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) (2007) Canadian universities and international student mobility (view/download PDF - 690.2 PDF)
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) (2011) Trends in Higher Education – Enrolment (view/download PDF - 3.81 MB).
BC Ministry of Advanced Education (2006). "Economic Impact of International Education at Public Post-Secondary Institutions."
Canadian Bureau of International Education (2007) “Northern Lights”
Canadian Bureau of International Education (2009). Canada First – The 2009 Survey of International Students.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (no date). “Competitor Research”
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2007). Facts and Figures 2007: Immigration Overview – Permanent and Temporary Residents (view/download PDF - 1.64 MB). (accessed July 8, 2009)
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2011). Facts and Figures 2010: Immigration Overview – Permanent and Temporary Residents.
Conference Board of Canada (1999). "The Economic Implications of International Education for Canada and Nine Comparator Countries."
Conference Board of Canada (2006). "Opportunity Begins at Home: Enhancing Canadian Commercial Services Exports."
Council for Higher Education Accreditation, American Council on Education, Association of Universities and Colleges Canada, and the International Association of Universities. "Sharing Quality Higher Education Across Borders: A Checklist for Good Practice."
Dalhousie University, School of Public Administration (2010). The Economic of Post-Secondary International Students in Atlantic Canada: An Expenditure Analysis.
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (no date) "Growth in Foreign Student Expenditures in Canada."
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (2007) “Canadian Economic Performance.”
Government of Manitoba International Education Branch (2007). "2006-2007 Annual Report."
Infometrics (2006). The Economic Impact of Foreign Fee-Paying Students, Report prepared for Ministry of Education (New Zealand).
Informetrics, NRB & Skinnerstrategic (2008). The Economic Impact of Export Education.
Institute for the Study of International Migration (2007). "Foreign Students Coming to America."
Institute of International Education (2010). Press Release
King, Russel et.al. (2010) International student mobility literature review (view/download PDF - 681.79 KB).
NAFSA (2010). The Economic Benefits of International Education to the United States for the 2009-2010 Academic Year: A Statistical Analysis.
Naidoo, Vikash (2005). Bridging The Gap Between Anecdotal And Empirical Evidence In The International Education Market: Insights From The US and UK.
Skills Research Initiative (2006). "Structural Incentives to Attract Foreign Students to Canada’s Post-Secondary Educational System: A Comparative Analysis."
Seldon, James R. (2005). The Economic Impact of Thompson River University’s International Students on the Kamloops Economy: 2005-06, Thompson River University, October.
Statistics Canada (2000). Canada’s Balance of International Payments and International Investment Position Concepts, Sources, Methods and Products. Catalogue no. 67-506-XIE. (view/download PDF - 1.81 MB) (accessed July 4, 2009)
Statistics Canada (2008). International Travel, 2007. Catalogue no. 66-201-XWE.
Statistics Canada (2010). International Travel, 2009. Catalogue no. 66-201-X (view/download PDF - 1,016.93 KB).
The Observer (2007) "Costs deter foreign students," The Observer, September 16, 2007
Verbik, Line and Veronica Lasanowski (2007). International Student Mobility: Patterns and Trends.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Global Education Digest: Comparing Education Statistics Across the World (view/download PDF - 6.32 MB)
Canadian Federation of Students (view/download PDF - 167.85 KB)
Study in Alberta: Catalogue of International Student Programs for Kindergarten to Grade 12 (view/download PDF - 3.5 MB).
Toronto School Fees (view/download PDF - 64.43 KB)
Performances of the International Education Services Sector
"Canada Losing Out on Student Revenue", Vancouver Sun, March 27, 2006:
"The Role of International Education", BC Progress Board (view/download PDF - 951.63 KB)
"More Overseas Students 'Found'", BBC, May 21, 2009
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