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What does the CPTPP mean for intellectual property?


Intellectual property explained

Intellectual property (IP) rights are the rights given to persons over the creations of the mind, such as inventions (which can be protected by patents); literary and artistic works (protected by copyright and related rights); designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce (such as trademarks). In a knowledge-based economy, IP often underlies the products, works, technologies and services that we rely on daily and that have an impact on the way we live. Almost all businesses have some kind of IP, whether it be a brand, a design or an invention. Canada recognizes the importance of ensuring that its IP regime appropriately balances the rights of IP right-holders with a range of public policy objectives in the interests of all Canadians.

Canada has a modern and robust IP regime that encourages and incentivizes innovation and that reflects existing standards under international IP treaties.

IP in the CPTPP

The CPTPP contains a comprehensive chapter on IP, which sets a regional standard for the protection and enforcement of IP rights across the Asia-Pacific region. The chapter includes provisions in almost all categories of IP rights, and builds on the framework established under existing international IP treaties.

As part of the conclusion of the CPTPP, the 11 remaining TPP parties agreed to suspend a number of provisions in the original TPP IP chapter. These suspensions serve to rebalance the IP chapter to reflect the remaining parties’ interests and priorities, and suspend the original TPP obligations in the following areas:

How the CPTPP will impact Canadian IP right-holders and users

The CPTPP establishes a transparent and predictable standard for the protection and enforcement of IP rights in the Asia-Pacific region. This will give Canadians confidence that they will encounter consistent minimum standards of rules across all CPTPP markets.

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