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This consolidation is for information purposes only, and should not be relied upon as authoritative.  For authoritative texts, please refer to the CUSMA and the Protocol of Amendment.

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) – Chapter 8 – Recognition of the United Mexican States’ direct, inalienable, and imprescriptible ownership of hydrocarbons

Article 8.1: Recognition of the United Mexican States’ Direct, Inalienable, and Imprescriptible Ownership of Hydrocarbons

1. As provided for in this Agreement, the Parties confirm their full respect for sovereignty and their sovereign right to regulate with respect to matters addressed in this Chapter in accordance with their respective Constitutions and domestic laws, in the full exercise of their democratic processes.  

2. In the case of Mexico, and without prejudice to their rights and remedies available under this Agreement, the United States and Canada recognize that: 

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