Canada-Honduras Free Trade Agreement
Chapter Sixteen: Electronic Commerce
Article 16.1: Definitions
For the purposes of this Chapter:
digital product means a computer program, text, video, image, sound recording, or other product that is digitally encoded; but does not include a digitized representation of a financial instrument;
transmitted electronically means to transfer a digital product by electromagnetic means, including by photonic means.
Article 16.2: General Provisions
1. The Parties recognize the economic growth and opportunities provided by electronic commerce and recognize that WTO rules apply to electronic commerce to the extent that they affect electronic commerce.
2. Considering the potential of electronic commerce as a social and economic development tool, the Parties recognize the importance of:
- (a) clarity, transparency, and predictability in their domestic regulatory frameworks in facilitating, to the maximum extent possible, the development of electronic commerce;
- (b) encouraging self-regulation by the private sector to promote trust and confidence in electronic commerce;
- (c) facilitating electronic commerce through interoperability, innovation, and competition;
- (d) facilitating the use of electronic commerce by micro-, small-, and medium- sized enterprises; and
- (e) protecting personal information in the on-line environment.
Article 16.3: Customs Duties on Digital Products Transmitted Electronically
1. A Party may not impose a customs duty, fee, or charge, on or in connection with the importation or exportation of a digital product transmitted electronically.
2. For greater certainty, paragraph 1 does not preclude a Party from imposing an internal tax or other internal charge on a digital product transmitted electronically, provided that the tax or charge is not prohibited by this Agreement.
Article 16.4: Consumer Protection
1. The Parties recognize the importance of maintaining and adopting transparent and effective measures to protect consumers from fraudulent or deceptive commercial practices in electronic commerce.
2. To this end, the Parties should exchange information and experiences related to national approaches for the protection of consumers engaging in electronic commerce.
Article 16.5: Cooperation
Recognizing the global nature of electronic commerce, the Parties affirm the importance of:
- (a) working together to facilitate the use of electronic commerce by micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises;
- (b) sharing information and experiences on laws, regulations, and programs involving electronic commerce, including those related to data privacy, consumer confidence, security in electronic communications, authentication, intellectual property rights, and electronic government;
- (c) working to maintain cross-border flows of information as an essential element in fostering a vibrant environment for electronic commerce;
- (d) fostering electronic commerce through the encouragement of the private sector to adopt codes of conduct, model contracts, guidelines, and enforcement mechanisms; and
- (e) actively participating in regional and multilateral fora to promote the development of electronic commerce.
Article 16.6: Transparency
Further to Article 20.3 (Transparency – Publication), each Party shall promptly publish or otherwise make publicly available its laws, regulations, procedures, and administrative rulings of general application, that pertain to electronic commerce.
Article 16.7: Relation to Other Chapters
In the event of an inconsistency between this Chapter and another Chapter of this Agreement, the other Chapter prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.
Report a problem on this page
- Date Modified: