Text of the Canada–Ukraine Free trade agreement – Chapter 7: Technical barriers to trade
Article 7.1: Definitions
For the purposes of this Chapter:
TBT Agreement means the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade; and
TBT Committee means the WTO Committee on Technical Barriers and Trade.
Article 7.2: WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
The TBT Agreement, excluding Articles 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.1, 14.4 and 15, is hereby incorporated into and made part of this Agreement, mutatis mutandis.
Article 7.3: Scope
1. This Chapter applies to the preparation, adoption, and application of standards, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures of national governmental bodies that may affect the trade in goods between the Parties.
2. This Chapter does not apply to:
- (a) a purchasing specification prepared by a governmental body for production or consumption requirements of a governmental body; or
- (b) a sanitary or phytosanitary measure as defined in Annex A of the SPS Agreement.
Article 7.4: Joint Cooperation
1. The Parties shall endeavour to strengthen their cooperation in the areas of standards, technical regulations, accreditation, conformity assessment procedures, and metrology in order to facilitate trade between the Parties.
2. Further to paragraph 1, the Parties shall endeavour to identify, develop and promote bilateral initiatives regarding standards, technical regulations, accreditation, conformity assessment procedures and metrology that are appropriate for particular issues or sectors. These initiatives may include:
- (a) regulatory or technical cooperation programs directed at reaching effective and full compliance with the obligations of this Chapter and the TBT Agreement;
- (b) initiatives to develop common views on good regulatory practices, such as transparency and the use of equivalency and regulatory impact assessment; and
- (c) the use of mechanisms to facilitate the acceptance of the results of conformity assessment procedures conducted in the other Party’s territory.
3. A Party shall give consideration to a reasonable sector-specific proposal made by the other Party for further cooperation under this Chapter.
Article 7.5: International Standards
1. Each Party shall use relevant international standards, guides and recommendations as a basis for their technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures in accordance with Articles 2.4 and 5.4 of the TBT Agreement.
2. Each Party shall determine whether an international standard, guide or recommendation exists within the meaning of Articles 2 or 5 or Annex 3 of the TBT Agreement, based on whether the standard, guide or recommendation in question was developed by a standardizing body that observes the principles set out in the Decisions and Recommendations adopted by the WTO Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade since 1 January 1995, G/TBT/1/Rev.9, as may be revised, issued by the TBT Committee.
Article 7.6: Conformity Assessment
1. The Parties shall cooperate by encouraging their respective conformity assessment bodies, including accreditation bodies, to participate in cooperation arrangements that promote the mutual acceptance of conformity assessment results.
2. Each Party shall recognize conformity assessment bodies located in the territory of the other Party on conditions no less favorable than those that it applies for the recognition of conformity assessment bodies in its own territory. A Party shall not require conformity assessment bodies located in the territory of the other Party to establish a legal or physical presence in its own territory or that a separate agreement be concluded between the Parties as a pre-condition for the recognition of the other Party’s conformity assessment bodies.
3. Notwithstanding paragraph 2, each Party shall consider a request to develop and implement the mutual recognition of conformity assessment bodies with respect to radio and terminal telecommunications equipment.
4. If a Party recognizes an accreditation body established in the territory of the other Party as competent to accredit conformity assessment bodies as having the competence to assess conformity with the Party’s technical regulations, the Party shall apply for the recognition of those conformity assessment bodies, on conditions that are no less favourable than those applied for the recognition of its accredited conformity assessment body located in the territory of the Party.
5. Each Party is encouraged to recognize as competent to accredit conformity assessment bodies an accreditation body established in the territory of the other Party that is a signatory to the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation Mutual Recognition Arrangement; a signatory to the International Accreditation Forum Multilateral Recognition Agreement; or a signatory to, and for relevant accreditation scopes covered under, the European Accreditation Multilateral/Bilateral Agreement.
6. With respect to paragraph 4, each Party recognizes that it may apply additional procedures to verify the competence of an accredited conformity assessment body if:
- (a) the Party applies conditions for the recognition of conformity assessment bodies that supplement international standards , including conditions with respect to the accreditation of those bodies; and
- (b) the Party requires assurance that a conformity assessment body is technically capable to assess whether products fulfill the requirements of a particular standard or technical regulation.
7. Each Party shall take reasonable measures to ensure that accreditation bodies established in its territory accredit conformity assessment bodies established in the territory of the other Party under conditions no less favourable than the conditions applied to conformity assessment bodies located in its territory. A Party may not take measures that limit or discourage the ability of accreditation bodies established in its territory from accrediting conformity assessment bodies established in the territory of the other Party, under conditions no less favourable than those applied to the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies in its own territory.
8. Each Party shall accept the results of conformity assessment procedures conducted by conformity assessment bodies located in the other Party’s territory, which have been recognized by the other Party, under conditions no less favourable than those conditions applied to the acceptance of the results of conformity assessment procedures conducted by recognized conformity assessment bodies in its territory.
9. The Parties shall exchange, no later than upon the entry into force of this Agreement, information on their respective conditions for the recognition of conformity assessment bodies, including applicable accreditation requirements and procedures that a conformity assessment body must fulfill to apply for recognition.
10. If a Party recognizes a conformity assessment body in the territory of the other Party, it shall promptly inform the other Party that it recognizes that conformity assessment body and of the scope of the body’s accreditation.
11. Nothing in this agreement prevents each Party from retaining the powers established under their respective domestic laws to take all permissible measures with respect to products that may compromise the health or safety of persons in its respective territory, or which otherwise fail to conform to their respective technical regulations.
12. If a Party does not accept the results of a conformity assessment procedure conducted by a recognized conformity assessment body in the territory of the other Party, it shall, on the request of the other Party, provide the reasons for its decision.
13. Nothing in this Chapter prevents a Party from undertaking conformity assessment in relation to specific products solely by government bodies that are located in its territory, subject to the Parties’ obligations under the TBT Agreement.
Article 7.7: Transparency
1. The obligations in this Article supplement those set out in Chapter 14 (Transparency). In the event of an inconsistency between this Article and the obligations in Chapter 14 this Article prevails.
2. Each Party shall ensure that transparency procedures regarding the development of technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures allow interested persons to participate at an early appropriate stage, when amendments may be introduced and comments may be taken into account, unless urgent problems of safety, health, environmental protection or national security arise or threaten to arise. If a consultation process for the development of technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures is open to the public, a Party shall permit persons of the other Party to participate on terms no less favourable than those accorded to its own persons.
3. Each Party shall recommend that standardization bodies in its territory observe paragraph 2 in the consultation processes for the development of standards or voluntary conformity assessment procedures.
4. Each Party shall allow a period of at least 60 days following its notification to the WTO’s Central Registry of Notifications of proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures for the public and the other Party to provide written comments, unless urgent problems of safety, health, environmental protection or national security arise or threaten to arise.
5. At the time a Party submits its notification of technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures to the WTO Central Registry of Notifications in accordance with the TBT Agreement, it shall include an electronic link to, or a copy of, the full text of the document.
6. Each Party shall, at the request of the other Party, provide its responses or a summary of its responses, to significant comments it receives.
7. Each Party, at the request of the other Party, shall provide information regarding the objectives of, and rationale for, a technical regulation or conformity assessment procedure that the Party has adopted or is proposing to adopt.
8. If a Party does not accept a technical regulation of the other Party as equivalent to its own, it shall explain its decision at the request of the other Party. The Parties recognize that it may be necessary to develop common views, methods, and procedures to facilitate the use of equivalency.
9. The Parties shall ensure that all adopted technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures are published on official websites that are publicly available without charge.
10. If a Party, at a port of entry, detains a good imported from the territory of the other Party on the basis that the good may not comply with a technical regulation, it shall immediately notify the importer of the reasons for the detention of the good.
11. Any information that is provided at the request of a Party under this Chapter shall be provided in print or electronically within a reasonable period of time. The Party receiving the request shall endeavour to respond to the request within 60 days.
Article 7.8: Contact Points
1. The Contact Points are:
- (a) in the case of Canada, the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development, or its successor; and
- (b) in the case of Ukraine, Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, or its successor.
2. The Contact Points are responsible for communications related to matters that arise under this Chapter. Those communications include:
- (a) the implementation and administration of this Chapter;
- (b) issues related to the development, adoption or application of standards, technical regulations, or conformity assessment procedures, under this Chapter or the TBT Agreement;
- (c) the exchange of information on standards, technical regulations, or conformity assessment procedures;
- (d) the exchange of information pursuant to Article 7.6.9 (Conformity Assessment) and to Articles 7.7.6 through 7.7.8 and Article 7.7.11 (Transparency); and
- (e) joint cooperation by the Parties, pursuant to Article 7.4.
3. A Contact Point is responsible for communication with the relevant institutions and persons in its territory as necessary to carry out its functions. The Contact Points may communicate in writing, electronically, by video-conferencing, or other means decided by the Parties.
Annex 7-A: Icewine
A Party shall permit wine to be labeled as “Icewine”, “ice wine”, “ice-wine” or a similar variation of these terms, only if the wine is made exclusively from grapes naturally frozen on the vine.
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