Global Affairs Canada implementation of Canada’s National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security
- Thematic programs
- 1. Global Issues and Development Branch
- 2. Peace and Stabilization Operations Program Bureau (PSOPs)
- 3. Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI)
- 4. Counter-Terrorism, Crime and Intelligence Bureau
- 5. Policy and Programming on Non-Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament
- 6. Partnerships for Development Innovation Branch
- Multilateral engagement
- Bilateral engagement
Target: What would Canada like to accomplish by the end of the lifespan of the Action Plan OR by the proposed target date?
Baseline: A “baseline” is a clearly defined starting point (point of departure), thus as of April 1, 2017 from where implementation begins. The baseline can be described in a quantitative or qualitative manner.
Activity: What actions will Canada undertake in order to advance from the baseline to the target?
Indicator: What are the quantitative or qualitative indicators that Canada is moving from the baseline to the target and/or accomplishing the proposed activities?
- Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program
- Canada Fund for Local Initiatives
- Civil society organizations
- Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program
- Counter-violent extremism
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
- Fiscal year
- Gender-based Analysis Plus
- Gender-based violence
- Gender Equality
- International Committee of the Red Cross
- Intergovernmental Authority on Development
- International Organisation of La Francophonie
- Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex
- National Action Plan
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Non-governmental organization
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
- Prevention and Countering of Violent Extremism
- Peace and Stabilization Operations Program
- Sexual exploitation and abuse
- Sexual and gender-based violence
- Sexual and reproductive health and rights
- United Nations General Assembly
- United Nations Security Council Resolution
- Violence against women
- Weapons of mass destruction
- Weapons Threat Reduction Program
- Women, Peace and Security
1. Global Issues and Development Branch
Context: Through the Global Issues and Development Branch, Global Affairs Canada engages with multilateral and international organizations to advance Canadian development and humanitarian priorities. These partners have the capacity, expertise, and mandate to address global challenges, achieve sustainable development results, including in fragile and conflict-affected states, and respond effectively in humanitarian crises. Initiatives supported by this program help Canada shape international assistance policy, promote an effective and efficient multilateral development and humanitarian system, and address global issues – including GE and the empowerment of women and girls; environment, climate action and water; peace and security; human rights, governance, democracy and inclusion; health, education and nutrition; and inclusive and green economic growth.
Canada’s humanitarian assistance aims to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity for people affected by humanitarian crises. This includes providing financial support to experienced humanitarian partners responding to these crises, such as United Nations agencies, the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement and non-governmental organizations, founded on the humanitarian principles of human dignity, neutrality, impartiality and independence. It also includes engagement with humanitarian organizations and networks to support and strengthen the capacity of the humanitarian system. Canada’s increasing support to experienced humanitarian partners in SRHR in emergencies, is helping to address gender-based gaps in access to reproductive health services; to integrate comprehensive GBV response and treatment in reproductive health; and provide safe spaces for women and girls.
Mainstream WPS and GE into Canada’s conflict prevention, relief and recovery efforts
1.1 TargetFootnote 1: The capacity, skills, knowledge and resources for GE, primarily among Global Affairs Canada officers, are increased.
- In 2015/16, 135 Global Affairs Canada officers received GE training delivered by GE specialists.
- In 2015/16, five missions received GE training tailored by GE specialists for country programs in fragile and conflict-affected states; these include Mali, Myanmar, Ukraine, West Bank/ Gaza and Jordan.
- In 2015/16, 21 tools and guidance documents on GE are available to Global Affairs Canada staff.
- Share knowledge and expertise on a feminist approach, GE and gender norms with Canadian and international experts and stakeholders
- Develop and facilitate training and pre-deployment courses on GE and context-specific gender norms
- # of Global Affairs Canada staff trained on GE delivered by GE specialists
- # of Global Affairs Canada missions received GE training tailored by GE specialists for country programs in fragile and conflict-affected states
- # of tools and guidance documents on GE
1.2 TargetFootnote 2: 80% of global humanitarian assistance funding integrate GE by 2021* to better meet the needs of women and girls in humanitarian settings.
Baseline: 53% of global humanitarian assistance funding integrates GE.
- Proposal application and funding guidelines are revised with strengthened criteria and guidance on GE integration and GBV prevention and mitigation
- Develop tools and support the capacity building of humanitarian partners to better integrate GE and address and prevent GBV in emergencies
- % of humanitarian assistance funding that integrates GE
Realize women's and girls' human rights, particularly on preventing and responding to sexual and GBV in humanitarian settings
1.3 Target: Advocacy by Canada on preventing and responding to SGBV in emergencies is increased.
Baseline: In FY 2017/18, 13 Canadian events, statements, speeches and interventions to UN Executive boards and other multilateral foraFootnote 3 that explicitly bring attention to GBV in emergencies.
- Increase leadership on GBV within international assistance fora, including through the Call to Action on Protection from GBV in Emergencies
- Engage through multilateral governance boards (or groups) to hold partners accountable for their commitments concerning GBV
- Promote the use of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Guidelines on Integrating GBV and the revised Inter-Agency Standing Committee gender marker by humanitarian organizations
- # of Canadian events, statements, speeches and interventions to UN Executive boards and other multilateral fora that explicitly bring attention to GBV in emergencies
Reduce gender inequalities in access to and control over the resources and benefits of development
1.4 TargetFootnote 4Footnote 5: Canada demonstrates increased leadership on advancing SRHR in fragile and humanitarian settings.
Baseline: In FY 2017/18, Global Affairs Canada disbursed $215M to provide access to or increase use of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in fragile and conflict-affected countries. Canada made 23 public interventions in international fora that explicitly promoted SRHR in fragile and conflict-affected countries and demonstrated Canada’s high-level commitment to this issue.
- Support partners’ efforts to provide or improve access to SRH services by women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected countries, including in response to SGBV
- Promote the SRHR of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected countries in international fora
- amount of funding disbursed for Government of Canada-funded projects that provide access to or increase use of SRH services in fragile and conflict-affected countries
- # of Canadian events, statements, speeches and interventions to UN Executive boards and other multilateral fora that explicitly bring attention to SRHR in fragile and conflict-affected countries.
2. Peace and Stabilization Operations Program Bureau (PSOPs)
Context: Canada is taking concrete actions to prevent and respond to conflicts abroad and to support UN peace operations in building a more peaceful and prosperous world. In 2018, Canada’s Peace and Stabilization Operations Program (PSOPs) became a permanent program within Global Affairs Canada (GAC). This is an important step forward in how the Government of Canada is equipped and structured to prevent conflict, respond to peace and stability challenges, and support transformative changes in how political, economic and social power are negotiated, shared, and used by different actors in fragile and conflict-affected states. PSOPs is the Government of Canada’s principal platform for conflict prevention, stabilization and peacebuilding. It engages in Fragile and Conflict Affected States (FCAS) leveraging resources of, and partnerships with, multilateral institutions, NGOs, implementing partners, and like-minded nations. PSOPs contributes to improved peace, security, and stability for all people in FCAS. Its policy, operations, and programming are guided by GBA+ and principles of GE to ensure gender-responsive interventions and inclusive access to justice, social services, economic opportunity, political power and good governance. PSOPs also coordinates the implementation of Canada's NAP on WPS. It actively promotes the role of women in conflict resolution, prevention and post-conflict state building, and contributes to the prevention of and accountability for SGBV and SEA.
Increase funding for the implementation of the WPS agenda
2.1 TargetFootnote 6,Footnote 7:
- 15% of projects target GE as a specific objective (GE03) by the end of FY 2021/22 (corresponding to $13.5 million annually by the end of FY 2021/22)
- 80% of projects integrate GE (GE01 and GE02) by the end of the FY 2021/22
- Reduce to a minimum the number of projects that do not advance GE (GE00)
- Increased # of regional and local women’s organizations supported
In FY 2017/18, PSOPs produced the following results:
- 12% of projects targeted GE as a specific objective (GE03)
- 78% of projects integrated GE (36% GE01 and 42% GE02)
- 10% of projects did not advance GE (GE00)
- Ensure WPS is prioritized in engagement with partners throughout the project lifecycle
- Ensure all project applications forms include gender and WPS assessments
- Conduct WPS assessments during project design, including for (in-kind) deployments
- % of projects integrate WPS considerations (GE01 and GE02)
- % of projects that explicitly target WPS (and are GE03)
- % of projects that are at GE00
- # of regional and local women’s organizations supported
Report on the implementation of the Action Plan
2.2 Target: Annual progress reports on implementation of the Action Plan are aimed to be tabled in Parliament every September. In addition, an independent mid-term review and summative evaluation is conducted six (6) months after the end of the report in collaboration with civil society.
Baseline: Annual progress reports for the first Action Plan were often tabled 12 months after the end of the reporting year, both because it took a minimum of six months to finalize the report (to receive input from the Action Plan partners, draft, consult, approve, translate and edit), and due to operational requirements. A mid-term evaluation was conducted.
- Table timely annual progress reports
- Conduct and publish mid-term review in FY 2019/20
- Conduct a summative evaluation in FY 2022/23
- Timely tabling of the annual progress reports on implementation of the Action Plan in Parliament, every September
2.3 Target: Tracking and reporting on Global Affairs Canada’s WPS-related funding is consistent and lends itself to year-over-year comparison by 2018/19.
Baseline: Global Affairs Canada began tracking and publishing department wide WPS-related funding in FY 2014/15. However, the results were inconsistent due to a variety of factors, including the differences in the project management systems and the subjective definition of WPS-related projects.
- Develop a reliable method to track Global Affairs Canada’s WPS-related funding
- Track and report on WPS-related funding
- Uniform and efficient tracking of WPS-related funding
2.4 Target: Robust, coherent, and clearly measureable indicators are established and used by 2018/19
Baseline: Some of the indicators in the GAC implementation plan are not robust or easily measureable.
- Improve indicators and tracking
- Global Affairs Canada indicators are improved and measureable
Mainstream WPS and gender into PSOPs standard policies and procedures
2.5 Target: By the end of FY 2021/22, all policies, strategies, and processes systematically integrate gender perspectives.
Baseline: WPS is a priority for PSOPs, gender is integrated in all aspects of the programs tools and templates to ensure that gender is mainstreamed in all PSOPs programming. PSOPs Interdepartmental Advisory Board will now also discuss WPS matters.
- Conduct an external gender review of PSOPs internal processes
- Ensure the updated PSOPs strategy has a strong emphasis on WPS
- Continue to work to systematically integrate WPS and gender into policies, strategies, and processes
- # of the PSOPs tools, policies, and templates that address GE and WPS
- External gender review conducted of PSOPs internal processes
2.6 TargetFootnote 8: PSOPs will systematically consider the WPS agenda and gender and intersecting identity factors in its policy work, in its contributions to the planning for civilian, police and military deployments, and during its assessment and scoping missions to ensure that PSOPs’ interventions are gender-responsive and integrate and promote the WPS agenda.
In the FY 2016/17, GBA+ and the WPS agenda were not systematically applied by PSOPs policy officers. Of programming and deployment assessment and scoping missions, 11 out of 15 (73%) included meetings with women’s groups and women’s ministries.
- Apply GBA+
- Integrate WPS in PSOPs policy development, negotiation positions and interventions, and in the PSOPs contributions to planning for civilian, police and military deployments
- Include and engage with government officials working on gender issues, CSO, in particular women’s rights organizations, and/or relevant international organizations in all PSOPs assessment and scoping missions
- % of PSOPs officers that systematically apply GBA+ and the WPS agenda in their work
- # of instances where PSOPs was engaged but the final document, deployment, or event did NOT integrate or promote the WPS agenda and/or gender considerations
- # and % of PSOPs’ project/program monitoring, assessment and scoping missions that did NOT include meetings with relevant CSO, international organizations, and/or government officials
Strengthen WPS and gender capacity within PSOPs
2.7 TargetFootnote 9: By the end of FY 2021/22, PSOPs significantly strengthens its gender expertise.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, PSOPs had no gender advisors, but 3 gender focal points who were responsible for reviewing projects from a gender perspective. 60% (15) of PSOPs programming officers and their supervisors completed a gender (including GBA+) or WPS course. No reliable data exists for civilian deployees on GBA+ training prior to 2017-18 and the gender in in fragile and conflict-affected states training was first introduced to staff in 2017/18. Prior to that, only 2 PSOPs project officers and one civilian deployee had attended the course offered by the UK in London.
- Ensure officers and deployed civilian experts are trained on WPS and gender
- Make it mandatory for all officers take the Department of Women and GE online GBA+ training
- Employ a gender advisor to provide technical expertise by the end of FY 2018/19
- % and # of PSOPs officers and their supervisors that completed a gender or WPS course
- % and # of civilian deployees that completed the GBA+ course
- % and # of civilian deployees that completed in-classroom training on gender in fragile and conflict-affected states
2.8 TargetFootnote 10: By the end of FY 2021/22, all thematic training on working in fragile and conflict-affected states systematically integrates gender perspectives.
Baseline: Inconsistent integration of gender perspectives across training content.
- Work with training providers and subject-matter experts to be more systematic and explicit in their integration of gender perspectives
- # and % of courses led by PSOPs that integrate gender policies, perspectives and/or analytical tools
Dedicate resources for the Action Plan
2.9 Target: By the end of the FY 2017/18, the management and coordination of the Action Plan’s implementation is supported with sufficient financial resources, and several officers FTEs.
Baseline: Two officers responsible for the WPS policy and coordination of the Action Plan in FY 2016/17. Operational budget is earmarked for expenses related to the Action Plan management.
- Improve coordination within Global Affairs Canada and across Action Plan partners for better integration and implementation of the Action Plan
- Ensure continuous operational budget for progress reports, consultations, and evaluations
- # of FTEs dedicated wholly to WPS policy and the coordination of the Action Plan
- Dedication of budget for the annual progress reports on the implementation of the Action Plan, consultations, and evaluations
Address SEA (together with other implementing partners)
2.10 TargetFootnote 11: By the end of FY 2021/22, Canada demonstrates a substantial contribution to the implementation of the UN’s zero tolerance policy on SEA.
Baseline: Allegations of SEA in UN operations continue to emerge, including incidents involving Canadian peacekeepers. From 2013 to 2017, six substantiated allegations of SEA, which involved Canadian police peacekeepers, were reportedFootnote 12. Canada’s existing reporting, investigating and accountability mechanisms are being used to their full extent. Nevertheless, gaps exist that preclude the UN and Canada from ensuring that perpetrators may be brought to justice in all appropriate cases.
- Develop Canada’s Strategy and Action Plan to address SEA by peacekeepers.
- Work within Global Affairs Canada and partner with departments to improve SEA prevention measures and address gaps in Canadian accountability framework.
Note: Other important SEA activities are carried out as defined by other Action Plan partners and by Global Affairs Canada through Canada’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York.
- Degree to which [low, medium, high] Canada’s Strategy and Action Plan to address SEA is developed and endorsed
- Degree to which [low, medium, high] identified gaps in Canada’s accountability frameworks were addressed
- # of Canadian proposals and initiatives to address SEA implemented by the UN and by other Member States
- % of SEA cases against Canadian peacekeepers or Canadian staff by the Government of Canada to the UN that resulted in either an exoneration, disciplinary measures, or a criminal case
Increase the number and role of women in peace operations
2.11 TargetFootnote 13: Canada takes concrete steps to help increase uniformed women’s meaningful participation in UN peace operations.
Baseline: Commitment by the Government of Canada to support the United Nations to achieve gender representation targets for uniformed women in peace operations.
- Design and establish a coherent and well-developed pilot initiative, named the Elsie Initiative for Women in Peace Operations.
- # of Contact Group meetings hosted
- # of advocacy and outreach events hosted by/undertaken by the Elsie Initiative
Target 2.12Footnote 14: By the end of FY 2021/22, Canada provides a substantial contribution to the global evidence of barriers to women’s meaningful participation in peace operations in uniformed military and police roles, which is made available to Elsie Initiative partner countries, UN member states, UN entities, civil society, academics and think tanks.
Baseline(s): Zero peer and non-peer reviewed research papers, policy papers, issues briefs and reports supported by the Elsie Initiative. Zero comprehensive assessments or related perception surveys on the issue of barriers to uniformed women’s meaningful participation in peace operations supported by the Elsie Initiative.
- Engage relevant organizations, experts and academics in the co-creation of evidence-driven projects and project outputs to ensure PSOPs is contributing to the global evidence on the issue of barriers to uniformed women’s meaningful participation in peace operations.
- # of peer and non-peer reviewed research papers, policy papers, issues briefs and reports supported by the Elsie Initiative.
- # of Gender-focused Barrier Assessments undertaken using the Elsie Initiative-developed methodology.
3. Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI)Footnote 15
Context: The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI) is a contributions program, with an annual programming budget of $14.7 million to support small-scale, high impact projects, in countries which qualify for Official Development Assistance (ODA). The objectives of the program are to: 1) contribute to the achievement of Canada’s thematic priorities for international assistance; 2) assist in the advocacy of Canada’s values and interests and the strengthening of Canada’s bilateral relations with foreign countries and their civil societies; and 3) provide humanitarian assistance in the immediate aftermath of natural disasters and emergencies. The CFLI is a unique fund in that most projects are designed and implemented by local CSO that understand and respond to local needs and priorities. The CFLI is managed by Canada’s embassies and high commissions with projects being selected and monitored by Canadian diplomats. All CFLI projects must align with thematic priorities that are reviewed and updated on an annual basis. For FY 2018/19, the thematic priorities are:
- GE and the empowerment of women and girls.
- Inclusive governance, including diversity, democracy, human rights and the rule of law.
- Peace and security, with a focus on conflict prevention and building peace.
- Human dignity, covering health, education and nutrition.
- Growth that works for everyone, including women's economic rights, decent jobs and entrepreneurship, investing in the poorest and most vulnerable, and safeguarding economic gains.
- Environment and climate action focusing on adaptation and mitigation, as well as on water management.
Strengthen the gender proficiency of CFLI program managers and coordinators at Canadian Embassies and High Commissions
3.1 Target: By the end of FY 2021/22, the CFLI significantly strengthens the gender proficiencyFootnote 16 of the managers and coordinators who implement the program at Canadian Embassies and High Commissions (also known as “missions”) in fragile and conflict affected states.
Baseline: In the baseline year 2017-2018, 32 out of 80, or 40% of CFLI Program Managers and Coordinators at missions accredited to fragile and conflict-affected states had completed gender training by the end of FY 2017/18.
- Require that CFLI Program Managers and Coordinators implementing the program at Embassies and High Commissions abroad take the Status of Women Canada GBA+ online training, or other gender related training.
- Develop and deliver modules on WPS and gender at in-person CFLI regional trainings.
- % and # of CFLI Program Managers and Coordinators at missions accredited to fragile and conflict affected states who have gender training
Enhance GE outcomes of CFLI projects
3.2 Target: By the end of FY 2021/22, the CFLI enhances the GE outcomes of projects in fragile and conflict affected states.
Baseline: In the baseline year 2018-2019, 61% of CFLI projects in fragile and conflict-affected states were informed by a detailed gender-based analysis and 88% were informed by consultations with women and/or girls.
- Create a robust but user-friendly gender analysis for the application for funding.
- Create resources and tools to support applicant organizations, mission staff, and local coordinators in completing and assessing the quality of a project’s gender analysis and its contribution to GE.
- % # of projects in fragile and conflict affected states that consulted with women and/or girls prior to submission of application for funding
- % # of projects in fragile and conflict affected states that include either a limited or detailed GBA+ prior to submission of application for funding
4. Counter-Terrorism, Crime and Intelligence Bureau
ContextFootnote 17: The work of the Counter-terrorism, Crime and Intelligence Bureau includes policy and programming components. The programming component is referred to as the Anti-Crime and Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Programs (ACCBP and CTCBP). ACCBP and CTCBP have recently conducted a GBA+ of their programs to assess the impact of programming on gender and other intersecting factors. Using the results of the analysis, ACCBP and CTCBP will continue to integrate gender and diversity issues where possible, with a focus on accounting for the differential impacts of security sector operations on women, men, girls and boys. They have also embedded a gender analysis and human rights section in all their project development and implementation tools. ACCBP and CTCBP are also responsible for developing, integrating and coordinating Canada’s international policies on CT, countering violent extremism and transnational criminal activity, in both bilateral and multilateral arenas. Gender is a key consideration in policy analysis and guidance, critical to understanding and responding to crime and terrorism issues, and a core competency of all policy and programming officers.
The Bureau is also responsible for developing, integrating, and coordinating Canada’s international policies and diplomacy on CT, addressing violent extremism and transnational criminal activity, in both bilateral and multilateral arenas. This includes fostering international cooperation to combat terrorism and crime, and representing Canada in various forums such as the G7 Roma-Lyon Group, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Global Counterterrorism Forum and the Financial Action Task Force. The division is also responsible for CT/countering violent extremism and anti-crime partnerships with foreign governments and international, regional, and non-governmental organizations including the UN, the Organization of American States, the G7, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and the OSCE.
Strengthen WPS and gender analysis capacity within ACCBP/CTCBP
4.1 TargetFootnote 18: By the end of the FY 2021/22, 100% of officers in the Counter-Terrorism and Crime Program and Policy Teams have gender and/or WPS training at the end of each FY to increase the Programs’ capacity for gender-responsive interventions.
Baseline: In FY 2017/18, 20 out of 32 or 62.5% of officers from the Counter-Terrorism and Crime Program and Policy Teams completed gender and/or WPS related training at the end of FY 2017/18.
- Make it mandatory for all officers to take the Status of Women Canada online GBA+ training, and make it mandatory for incoming officers
- Encourage officers to take more advanced GBA+ training outside of the Government of Canada when available, as well as any other courses on GE integration and/or WPS.
- % of policy and programming officers from the Counter-Terrorism, Crime and Intelligence Bureau who completed gender and/or WPS related training at the end of the FY
4.2 Target: The officers in ACCBP and CTCBP have access to resources in order to integrate gender perspectives and WPS into their work.
Baseline: As of 2016/17, ACCBP and CTCBP offers did not have a place to access resources to assist in integrating gender into their work.
- Develop evergreen reference material including academic papers, think tank papers, media analysis etc. for officers to draw on in their work and to support incoming officers
- Develop reference material to use when considering the role of gender in themes: Radicalization to violence; Preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE); CT; foreign terrorist fighters; High-risk travelers
- Creation and upkeep of resource bank
Mainstream WPS and gender into CT policy and diplomacy
4.3 TargetFootnote 19: Canada demonstrates leadership in ensuring that gender and WPS considerations are integrated into CVE/CT and international crime policy, advocacy and diplomatic efforts.
Baseline: While no qualitative or quantitative measures are currently in place, officers are cognizant and mindful of referencing gender and WPS considerations.
- Appoint gender focal points to facilitate GBA+ and WPS integration into policy and programming, as well as reviewing integration done by officers.
- Increase GBA+ analysis and WPS integration into products, where applicable, including: resolutions, declarations, statements, ministerial products.
- Highlight the relevance and applicability of GBA+ and WPS integration by making reference to research, international instruments, and other sources
- Integrate reference to gender and WPS, where possible
- Bring attention to gender and WPS issues in international engagement at various international forums, consultations and other attended events
- Raise issues related to gender and WPS in diplomatic efforts and at international forums, including strategic interventions, project proposals and other actions where it is appropriate and relevant
- Increase contact with women experts (academic, NGO, think tank) working on CVE and anti-crime issues, and when possible, promote their participation at international events (i.e. provide advice to missions on Canadian academics, thinkers and others with expertise on the relevance and applicability of GBA+ and WPS to transnational crime and terrorism)
- Increase the number of female contacts on file as well as contacts with expertise on gender and WPS in the crime and CVE/CT context
- Develop and implement qualitative or quantitative measures to track engagement on GBA+ and WPS integration
- # of events where Canada took an active role, through planning or participation, in bringing gender-informed perspective to CVE/CT discussions
Mainstream WPS and gender into CT and anti-crime programming
4.4 TargetFootnote 20: The officers of ACCBP and CTCBP integrate gender and WPS considerations into CT programming in a systematic manner, and increase programming that has a specific focus on gender and WPS
Baseline: There is an embedded gender and human rights section in all project development and implementation tools.
- Draft and distribute a briefing note containing “Standard Operating Procedures” (SOPs) on best practices to guide officers when completing the gender analysis for project development and implementation tools
- Review and identify opportunities for collecting quantitative data on the gender dimensions of programs. Recommendations will be included within the abovementioned Standard Operating Procedures
- Annually review and collect “lessons learned”, “challenges”, and “successes” in the use of the gender section of the project development and implementation tools; practical observations can be communicated to the WPS community of practice (for example, in May 2018)
- % of projects that have GE as the specific objective (i.e. GE03);
- % of projects that fully integrated GE (i.e. GE02);
- % of projects that had limited integration (i.e. GE01); and,
- % of projects had no gender integration (i.e. GE00).
5. Policy and Programming on Non-Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament
ContextFootnote 21: Canada’s Non-Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament activities include both policy and programming elements. Target 5.1 relates to the Weapons Threat Reduction Program (WTRP), which is the primary programming vehicle for Canada to globally address threats posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and related materials. The WTRP works with partner countries, regional and international organizations, and non-governmental organizations to implement programming to address WMD threats (nuclear and radiological; biological; chemical) as well as to support the universalization of treaties and conventions related to the proliferation of conventional weapons. Through the Program, Canada continues to play a leadership role globally in the area of weapons threat reduction. Target 5.2 relates to Canada’s non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament (NACD) policy activities within the context of Canada’s participation within the United Nations General Assembly’s First Committee, which is responsible for NACD issues.
Mainstream WPS and gender into WTR programming
5.1 TargetFootnote 22: The WTRP integrates gender and WPS considerations into its programming in a systematic manner, with at least 20% of projects having GE01 or greater coding by the end of FY 2021/22.
Baseline: 0% of projects have GE01 or greater gender coding
- Integrate gender perspectives into relevant projects and encourage partners and beneficiaries to consider their activities through the lens of inclusion.
- Gender elements are integrated into the WTRP’s performance measurement framework.
- Training for program officers include the Status of Women Canada online GBA+ training.
- % of projects with GE01 or greater gender coding
- % of officers in the WTRP who have completed GBA+ training at the end of each FY
Mainstream WPS and gender into diplomacy on disarmament
5.2 TargetFootnote 23: A GBA+ carried out on all resolutions of the UN General Assembly’s First Committee (responsible for disarmament, global challenges and threats), proposed or considered by Canada, and gender perspectives integrated.
Baseline: While gender perspectives were integrated whenever possible in FY 2016/17, there was not yet a formal process to ensure they are applied to every resolution.
- Ensure that gender issues and perspectives are systematically considered during the analysis of resolutions. Based on this analysis, one of the following approaches will be taken:
- take no action (gender perspectives are adequately addressed, not relevant to the resolution, or not pursued due to other considerations).
- propose edits to the text to address missing gender perspectives where relevant and consider speaking in favour of amendments which support of these edits.
- support positive changes to the text by other states in terms of gender perspectives.
- # of resolutions where gender was not considered
- # of resolutions where gender was considered and there was potential for action but due to other considerations, no action was taken
- # of resolutions where gender was considered, there was potential for action, action was taken but the outcome was negative (i.e. Canada’s goal was not achieved)
- # of resolutions where gender was considered, there was potential for action, action was taken and there was a positive result (i.e. Canada’s goal was achieved)
- # of resolutions where gender was considered and based on this evaluation there was no need for any further action (e.g. new language proposed by other delegations was sufficient)
6. Partnerships for Development Innovation BranchFootnote 24
ContextFootnote 25: The Partnerships for Development Innovation Branch is Global Affairs Canada’s key operational platform supporting the active engagement of Canadians in international development, notably by supporting Canadian civil society entities working in collaboration with developing country partners to reduce poverty through thematic programming as well as youth internships and the deployment of volunteers. Canadian entities in this context include non-governmental organizations; the private sector; colleges, universities, and research entities; provincial and regional councils; and foundations. Partnerships for Development Innovation leverages the expertise, knowledge, networks and resources of Canadian entities and their local partners. Its programming is able to operate in all Official Development Assistance-eligible countries, including in fragile and conflict-affected states. For example, Partnerships for Development Innovation has supported projects in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia, Afghanistan, Haiti and South Sudan. For these and other projects, Partnerships for Development Innovation pays particular attention to the integration of GE. For example, it supported a project in South Sudan to empower conflict-affected rural youth to become more economically productive and engaged in their communities. This project promoted education for youth, especially girls.
Strengthen the integration of GE into its programming, including the promotion and realization of women’s and girls’ rights, particularly in fragile and conflict-affected states.
6.1 Target: Canada will increase the percentage of Partnerships programming that targets GE (GE03) or fully integrates GE (GE02).
Baseline: In 2017-18, 1.42% of Partnerships programming targeted GE and 45.77% fully integrated GE.
- Prioritize project proposals that target or fully integrate GE (GE03 or GE02)
- Work with Canadian partners to strengthen GE into their projects
- % of programming that targets GE (GE03)
- % of programming that fully integrates GE (GE02)
Explore programming opportunities with Canadian entities to support the WPS agenda.
6.2 Target: Canada will increase Partnerships programming to support the WPS agenda.
Baseline: Partnerships programming has been implemented in many fragile and conflict-affected states. However, only a modest percentage of it has been directly related to WPS.
- Launch a Call for Proposals for women and girls’ education in fragile and conflict-affected states
- Review project proposals with consideration of alignment with the WPS agenda
- % of Partnerships programming that is implemented in fragile and conflict-affected states
Increase staff capacity on GE and promote staff engagement WPS policy and programming activities across the department.
6.3 Target: Canada will strengthen its GE capacity and WPS engagement
Baseline: In 2017/18, the Partnerships for Development Innovation Branch (Branch) had one GE specialist. A majority of Branch staff completed the Status of Women Canada’s GBA+ online course during GBA+ Awareness Week.
- Make it mandatory for all staff to complete the Status of Women Canada online GBA+ training
- Secure additional GE resource
- Hold information sessions related to WPS
- # and % of staff who completed online GBA+ course
- Amount of GE capacity
- # of information sessions held related to WPS
Encourage and support partners to strengthen policies and procedures to prevent and respond to SEA in the delivery of international assistance.
6.4 Target: Canada’s partners will have stronger policies and procedures to prevent and respond to SEA.
Baseline: Currently, not all of Canada’s partners have Codes of Conduct or related policies/procedures to prevent, investigate and respond to SEA.
- Roll out a new requirement for partners to have a Code of Conduct to prevent, investigate and respond to SEA.
- Support the work of the Canadian Council for International Cooperation (CCIC) to strengthen CSO collaboration on preventing SEA.
- % of new international development and humanitarian funding agreements that require organizations to have Codes of Conduct to prevent, investigate and respond to SEA.
- Type/amount of support provided to CCIC.
7. Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations
Context: The United Nations (UN) plays a significant role in the development of norms and guidelines pertaining to WPS. A wide array of New York-based UN bodies address WPS, including first and foremost the Security Council, but also the General Assembly (UNGA), the Peacebuilding Commission, as well as departments such as the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, the Department of Peace Operations, and funds and agencies such as UN Women and UNFPA. The WPS agenda has become increasingly institutionalized at the UN, with the adoption of nine UNSCRs pertaining directly to WPS, the completion of a Global Study on 1325, the establishment of an Informal Experts Group in the Security Council, Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, and the appointment of gender and women protection advisors to key UN offices and field missions. That being said, a number of challenges remain for the full implementation of WPS commitments at the UN: WPS is not mainstreamed throughout the work of the organization; several key members of the UN, including permanent members of the Security Council, do not fully support the WPS agenda; there are recurring incidents of SEA by UN peacekeepers and staff; insufficient resources are dedicated to gender issues in the UN’s peace and security functions; too few women are appointed to senior roles at the UN or serve as peacekeepers; and implementation of WPS commitments remains weak.
Canada is seen as a leader on WPS at the UN as a key architect of UNSCR 1325, the Chair of the 58-member Group of Friends of WPS, a major donor to WPS efforts, and a principled voice on this issue. Canada can help advance the WPS agenda at the UN through advocacy and information sharing with member states and the UN, leadership in the Security Council and UNGA negotiations, collaboration with civil society groups, and public messaging including through social media.
Support the increased and meaningful participation of women in peace processes
7.1 Target: Canada demonstrates strong commitment at the UN to ensuring increased and meaningful participation of women in peace resolution processes, including in conflict prevention, mediation and post-conflict reconciliation, and more specifically delegations to peace resolution processes.
Baseline: Of the 504 agreements signed since the adoption of resolution 1325 in 2000, only 27% included references to women. In peace processes between 1992 and 2011, women made up only 2% of chief mediators, 4% of witnesses and signatories, and 9% of negotiators.
- Conduct advocacy with the UN Secretariat, through meetings, letters, statements, and joint advocacy of the Friends of WPS to encourage the UN to ensure increased and meaningful participation of women in peace processes, including as mediators.
- Highlight the positive impact of including women in peace processes during UN meetings and side events.
- Host women mediators and participants to peace processes during side events and at meetings of the Friends of WPS.
- Discuss with the Department of Political Affairs and the Group of Friends of WPS further steps needed to promote increased and meaningful participation of women in peace processes.
- Promote the implementation of the Department of Political Affairs guidelines on gender-inclusive mediation.
- # of meetings of the Group of Friends of WPS that discussed peace processes
- # events hosted or supported to increase awareness and understanding of women’s roles in peace processes, mediation, conflict prevention or peacebuilding
- # of meetings at the Permanent Mission to the UN with women mediators and participants to peace processes, as well as women’s civil society groups and women peacebuilders on peace processes
- # of Canadian statements to UNGA, Security Council, and other forums that mention participation of women in peace processes
Support the integration of gender into UN peacekeeping
7.2 Target: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to supporting gender-responsive UN peacekeeping missions, including aiming to double the number of women peacekeepers, in line with UNSCR2242.
Baseline: Women make up only 3% of UN military peacekeepers; several vacancies remain in gender advisor and women protection advisor positions in UN missions; and implementation of WPS guidelines is incomplete in UN peacekeeping missions.
- Highlight the importance of gender-responsive peacekeeping in statements to the Special Committee on Peace Operations (C-34), UNGA Fifth Committee, as well as other UN, civil society, and academic forums.
- Advocate for appropriate funding related to gender analysis and women’s protection in UN peacekeeping budget at the UNGA Fifth Committee.
- Advocate for gender-sensitive language and language supporting the implementation of the WPS agenda in reports of the C-34.
- Expand activity and profile of 1325 Military and Police Advisors Network, co-chaired by Canada, to raise awareness in military advisor community on role of WPS in increasing operational effectiveness.
- Aim to hold meetings of 1325 Military and Police network on a quarterly basis.
- Share best practices on gender-responsive peacekeeping with UN Secretariat and other Member States.
- Undertake regular consultations on peacekeeping with women’s civil society groups
- Facilitate the nomination of qualified Canadian women to peacekeeping positions.
- Appropriate inclusion of gender-specific language in C-34 and the Fifth Committee documents
- # of, and participation in, meetings of 1325 Military and Police Advisors Network and the WPS Chiefs of Defence Network
- % of peace and security officers of Permanent Mission of Canada to the UN who has received training on gender
- # of consultations hosted by the Permanent Mission of Canada to the UN with women’s civil society groups on peacekeeping
- # of Canadian statements to UNGA, Security Council, and other forums mention participation of women in peace operations
Support the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peace-keeping operations
7.3 Target: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to strengthening the UN peacekeeping prevention efforts, accountability measures, transparency, and tangible victim support for SEA.
Baseline: The UN recorded 145 allegations of SEA involving UN peacekeepers and civilians in 2016. However, many more cases go unreported, the UN lacks support for survivors of SEA and there are loopholes in accountability for SEA by UN staff. Moreover, several Member States are actively seeking to weaken the UN’s response on SEA.
- Advocate to strengthen the UN’s zero-tolerance policy in order to provoke a shift at the UN from a culture of denial and avoidance to a one of prevention and responsibility
- Discuss with Member States, the UN Secretariat, the Friends of WPS, and civil society the ways to improve accountability for SEA committed by UN peacekeepers and staff
- Use high-level events and other multi-lateral engagements in the UNGA and Security Council, as well as the Friends of WPS to advocate for SEA reform and implementation of UNSCR 2272 (2016)
- Provide support and feedback to the Office of the Special Coordinator on SEA
- Encourage UN Secretariat to undertake actions within its remit to address SEA
- Identify opportunities and events to encourage member-states to contribute to SEA survivors assistance efforts
- Promote SEA training as part of UN-supported training and capacity-building initiatives
- Respond in a constructive and timely fashion to queries from the UN conduct and discipline unit
- Include reference to SEA in outcome documents of forthcoming Peacekeeping Ministerial Meeting in Vancouver
- Share best practices on addressing SEA with other Member States
- # of meetings of the Group of Friends of WPS that discussed SEA
- # of Canadian statements to UNGA, Security Council, and other forums in which the issue of SEA was mentioned
- # of instances of Canadian participation in high-level meetings where SEA was discussed
Promote the increased representation of women in senior positions at the UN
7.4 Target: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to promoting greater representation of women in senior UN positions, especially those dealing with peace and security issues.
Baseline: As of January 2017, 21% of UN senior positions were filled by women.
- Work towards nominating more Canadian women to senior positions in the UN system (gender parity in nominations)
- Work with the Friends of Gender Parity group at the UN to support nomination of female candidates by all Member States and their appointment by the UN Secretariat
- Advocate to the UN for greater representation of women in senior positions in Canadian statements to the UNGA, Security Council, UN Fund board meetings, as well as other multilateral and bilateral advocacy opportunities
- Promote the UN Senior Women Talent Pipeline
- Decline to host or participate in all-male panels at the UN or the mission of Canada
- % of formal nominations, letters of support, e-mails or démarches to senior UN hiring managers in support of Canadians women applying for senior positions (>D1) in the UN system
- % of meetings of the Friends of Gender Parity group attended by Canada
8. Canada at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Context: Canada is actively engaged in the advancement of the WPS agenda at NATO. The Joint Delegation of Canada works to mainstream GE and integrate gender and WPS considerations across committee work and in decisions taken at NATO. Canada is the largest contributor to the NATO 1325 Trust Fund, contributing $400,000 over FY 2017/18 to fund activities and programs run by the Office of the NATO Secretary General's Special Representative for WPS. Canada actively participated in shaping and developing the NATO WPS Policy and Action Plan. The Delegation of Canada promoted the organization of a meeting of the North Atlantic Council in March 2017 to review progress in the implementation of the NATO WPS Action Plan, which placed this issue on the Council's agenda on a periodic basis going forward. The North Atlantic Council is the principal political decision-making body of NATO. Canada pushed for language to strengthen the references to WPS in the Communiqué for the NATO Warsaw Summit in 2016, which was ultimately adopted into the text. In March 2016, Canada co-hosted with Iceland an event to mark International Women's Day, including a conference on GE with Permanent Representatives, Military Representatives, and senior NATO Representatives, and social media activities throughout the day. Canada is among the core group of the Friends of UNSCR 1325 at NATO and regularly convenes meetings of this group to push forward the WPS agenda at NATO. The Joint Delegation of Canada to NATO also published social media campaigns for the 16 days to Combat Violence Against Women and for International Women's Day, which have received pick-up internationally by prominent social media accounts. Canada provides financial assistance to the Office of the NATO Secretary General’s Special Representative for WPS, and also staffs the person who is now International Military Staff Office of the Gender Advisor at NATO headquarters; Canada works very closely with both of them on WPS issues at NATO.
Canada’s efforts are warranted because though progress has been made in integrating gender perspectives in NATO training, operations, and guidelines, women remain under-represented in the Alliance, particularly in decision-making positions. NATO Allies averaged 10.3% of women in their military ranks in 2014 with only 5.7% of women in NATO’s operations and missions. Furthermore, some Allies maintain restrictions for women in certain combat roles, a hurdle removed in Canada.
Mainstream WPS and gender into NATO’s policies, activities and efforts on collective defence
8.1 TargetFootnote 27: Canada remains a recognized leader within the Alliance on advancing and promoting WPS, helping to ensure that NATO and Allies increasingly integrate gender perspectives and WPS in all NATO’s work.
Baseline: NATO has a good track record of integrating gender perspectives into military doctrine, pre-deployment training and planning for major NATO out-of-area operations. However, more work is needed to integrate gender into activities related to collective defence.
- Promote and push for increased integration of gender perspectives in NATO’s activities in areas such as response to hybrid warfare or enhanced Forward Presence in the Baltics
- Promote gender literacy as a core competence to be applied in day-to-day work at NATO
- Promote greater representation of women deployed to NATO-led operations, missions and crisis management activities
- Undertake North Atlantic Council level engagement on NATO’s current 1325 Action Plan
- Ensure that a North Atlantic Council meeting on 1325 Action Plan implementation is planned on an annual basis on the margins of International Women’s Day
- Advocate for increased financial human resources for the office of the WPS special adviser
- # of Canadian contributions to policy documents and activities demonstrating how WPS priorities and gender perspectives are integrated into NATO’s daily work
- # of informal meetings hosted by Canada to promote WPS implementation at NATO
- # of North Atlantic Council -level discussions on implementation of NATO’s Action Plan on WPS
- North Atlantic Council meeting on 1325 Action Plan implementation is held on an annual basis on the margins of International Women’s Day, as a result of Canadian requests
- # of donors and amount of financial and human resources for the office of the WPS special adviser are increased, as a result of Canadian advocacy.
Enhance cooperation between NATO, Allies and partners on WPS in NATO’s work
8.2 Target: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to ensuring that WPS priorities are systematically included in NATO cooperative security frameworks, including defence and capacity-building projects on a systematic basis.
Baseline: Partners’ WPS-related activities are increasing, but continue to be undertaken in an ad-hoc manner, and upon Partners’ requests, rather than as a requirement by NATO.
- Strengthen integration of gender in defence and capacity-building projects
- Promote projects that train women in the defence and security sector in Partner countries
- Encourage partner countries to deploy women in NATO-led operations and exercises
- Help NATO ensure that conditions for these deployments are facilitated
- # of defence and security capacity-building packages that integrate gender perspectives further to Canadian intervention
- % and # of countries that reference and provide meaningful activities on WPS in their partnership frameworks further to Canadian intervention
Promote the increased representation of women in senior positions at NATO
8.3 Target: Canada supports the increased representation of women in senior positions at NATO.
Baseline: The increase in the number of women in NATO senior level positions is stagnating.
- Advocate increased appointment and representation of women in senior positions
- Propose, when possible, qualified Canadian women candidates for senior positions at NATO and encourage Allies to do likewise
- Provide input into the study on identifying barriers to representation of women in senior positions at NATO, begun in 2017 with funding from Canada
- Raise the issue of accountability by senior decision-makers at NATO for diversity in the workplace
- Canadian contribution to the study identifying barriers to representation of women in senior positions conducted at NATO
- # of Canadian interventions calling for more women in senior positions
9. Permanent Mission of Canada in Geneva
Context: The mission participates in a range of Geneva-based UN bodies and other intergovernmental organizations that are active on security, human rights, humanitarian issues, migration, health, labour and disarmament, as well as trade and development, and that can effect change in the lives of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected states. Among these organizations are the Human Rights Council; UN High Commissioner for Refugees; International Organization for Migration; International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies/ICRC; International Labour Organization; World Health Organization; and the Conference on Disarmament. The mission also engages on a number of additional Geneva-based processes that are relevant including on protection of medical missions and on standards for private military and security companies. In addition, Canada is a governing board member or participant in many relevant Geneva-based international CSO and advocacy groups.
Advance WPS in Geneva-based multilateral fora and other organizations
9.1 Target: By the end of FY 2018/19, the Mission develops key messages on WPS and uses them systematically in multilateral institutions and processes, governing boards and councils, and advocacy groups that can effect change in the lives of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected states.
Baseline: The Mission advances the WPS agenda on a consistent basis.
- Include language in national statements, resolutions, and outcome documents, in collaboration with other states and civil society, to amplify messages on women’s and girls’ human rights in fragile and conflict-affected states; women’s empowerment and the advancement of GE, including through women’s increased and meaningful participation and effective political decision-making in fragile and conflict-affected states; and the use of sex- and age-disaggregated data to support an evidence-based approach
- Promote gender analysis, increased and meaningful participation and effective representation of women, and specific consideration of women’s and girls’ human rights when participating in governing boards, councils, intergovernmental organizations, and donor groups
- Key messages on WPS developed and systematically used in a manner tailored to context (Y/N, by program)
- Qualitative assessment of changes in Geneva-based multilateral institutions and processes, governing boards and councils, and advocacy groups that can effect change in the lives of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected states
9.2 Target Footnote 28:
- Geneva-based Group of Friends of WPS is established and Canada will lead it or actively participate in it.
- By 2022, the Group of Friends will contain at least 20 member states and work with at least four CSO, and it will support engagement on the WPS agenda in at least three Geneva-based forums.
Baseline: There is an informal network of friends of WPS that meets periodically to coordinate for the Human Rights Council.
- Build on interest in Geneva to have a Group of Friends of WPS
- Establish Group of Friends of WPS in collaboration with other interested member states
- Qualitative assessment of progress in establishment of a Group of Friends
- Geneva-based Group of Friends on WPS exists (Y/N), Canada participates (Y/N)
- # of members in the Group of Friends on WPS (once created)
- # of CSO collaborating with the Group
- # of sector-specific gender advocacy groups in which Canada is involved that integrate WPS
Support the increased and meaningful participation in Geneva-based fora of women from fragile and conflict-affected states
9.3 TargetFootnote 29:
- By the end of FY 2019/20, the mission has sponsored of partnered to support at least three activities related to women in FCAS per year.
- By the end of FY 2021/22, the mission supports at least 20 women or women’s groups per year.
Baseline: Canada supported two women’s groups in the FY 2015/16. A number of programs indicated that this was something that they are not presently doing, or are not consistently doing, but see this as a potential area for advancement.
- When women or women’s groups from fragile and conflict-affected states come to Geneva to participate in peace talks, or to take part in multilateral meetings, the Mission will offer support in terms of meeting space, capacity building, facilitation of relevant bilateral meetings, and opportunities to share their experiences and priorities with the broader Geneva community of practice on peace and security issues.
- # of individual women peacebuilders, activists, etc. supported, not affiliated with a women’s group # of women’s groups supported
- # of relevant Mission programs supporting engagement
- qualitative assessment of outcomes linked to the participation of women’s groups that the mission supports
Strengthen WPS and gender analysis capacity within the Mission
9.4 TargetFootnote 30: By the end of the FY 2018/19, all Mission officers working with internationally-oriented institutions and organizations that have the ability to effect change in the lives of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected states are trained in gender competence and develop, on an ongoing basis, gender expertise as it relates to their respective responsibilities.
Baseline: 12 out of 27 officers confirmed having taken departmental-organized training. Among those that had not taken the training, 2 had a relevant professional or academic expertise in gender analysis.
- Ensure officers working receive training on gender and WPS
- # of officers who are trained on gender and WPS
10. Canada at the International Organization of La Francophonie
Context: One of the four major priorities of la Francophonie is peace, democracy and human rights. The International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) programming in this area, which is directly supported by Canadian voluntary contributions, includes transitions and electoral processes; support for State and civil society actors in the areas of democracy, human rights, as well as crisis and conflict prevention and management; and the maintenance and consolidation of peace. WPS is addressed notably through the Francophone Women’s Network for Peace. Within the OIF, there are several opportunities to raise issues and promote solutions related to WPS: the various meetings of the OIF working groups and commissions; the meetings of the Permanent Council of La Francophonie and of the Ministerial Conference of La Francophonie; the Francophonie Summit and various thematic conferences; meetings of various boards and general assemblies of operators and of other institutions of La Francophonie (Association internationale des Maires francophones, Agence universitaire de la Francophonie , Senghor University, Institut de la Francophonie pour le développement durable); the preparation of the OIF’s strategic framework, programming, strategies; as well as the preparation of resolutions and statements by Heads of State and government.
Advance the WPS agenda in La Francophonie
10.1 TargetFootnote 31: Key messages on WPS are used regularly in relevant OIF meetings that can effect change in the lives of women and girls in fragile and conflict-affected states.
Baseline: Canada advances the WPS agenda on an ad hoc basis.
- Include language in national statements to be delivered in working groups and committees, resolutions, and outcome documents, in collaboration with other states to amplify messages on women’s and girls’ human rights in conflict-affected, transition and fragile states; women’s empowerment and advancement of GE, including in meaningful participation and effective political decision-making in conflict-affected, transition and fragile states; and the use of sex- and age- disaggregated data to support an evidence-based approach
- Intervene in support of meaningful participation and effective representation of women, and specific consideration of the human rights of women and girls when participating in relevant working groups and committees and at the Permanent Council
- Use the development of the OIF strategy on GE and the creation of an entity within the OIF for the promotion of GE, rights and empowerment of women and girls to promote Canadian messages about WPS
- Advocate for the participation of women human rights defenders and women peacebuilders in OIF events and high-level meetings.
- Standardized key messages developed and used regularly (Y/N)
- Key messages integrated in la Francophonie documents
Strengthen gender analysis capacity within Global Affairs Canada’s La Francophonie-team
10.2 Target: By the end of FY 2021/22, two officers working on the OIF, one Ottawa-based and one Paris-based, are trained on gender to provide, on an ongoing basis, gender expertise as it relates to their respective responsibilities.
Baseline: 5 out of 5 officers identified as not having formal training.
- Ensure training is provided on gender to the headquarters and PARIS officers
- # of officers trained on gender
11. Canada at the Organization for Security and Co-operation In Europe
Context: Canada has been actively engaged in ensuring the adoption of several specific policies and measures in support of GE for the OSCE, both with participating States and within the Organization itself. Canada promotes the continued implementation of the 2004 OSCE Action Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality (APPGE), advocates for the provision of more detailed data in its annual GE report, and helps identify ways for the Organization’ Secretariat, institutions and field operations to further integrate GBA+ in day-to-day operations. Canada also actively advances and promotes priorities such as:
- developing a gender-responsive approach to security, including disarmament and security sector governance and reform, and combatting VAW;
- increasing the representation of women managers in higher positions at the OSCE and in missions;
- setting specific priorities for the promotion of women’s rights in line with UNSCR 1325 key priorities;
- highlighting and promoting the role of women in conflict prevention and peace reconstruction processes; and
- monitoring and evaluating progress on the implementation of the APPGE by the OSCE Secretary General and in the Unified Budget development process.
Mainstream gender and WPS in the OSCE Secretariat, Institutions, and Field Missions
11.1 TargetFootnote 32: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to supporting the OSCE Secretariat in promoting better integration of gender perspectives in its activities and operations.
Baseline: The OSCE Secretariat is demonstrating efforts to address its weak track record in integrating gender perspectives in all three dimensions of comprehensive security by establishing internal mechanisms and by completing the development of its 2017-2020 Road Map for the implementation of the Gender Action Plan, which sets priorities and an accountability framework for each department.
- Promote women’s increased and meaningful participation and integration of gender perspectives in all OSCE activities related to prevention, mediation and post-conflict reconciliation through statements at the Permanent Council, conferences and OSCE committees in relations to the OSCE Secretariat, institutions and field missions’ work
- Support efforts to integrate gender perspectives in OSCE field missions, operations, and projects and sensitize senior management in field operations on the importance of gender mainstreaming by promoting the establishment of a gender advisor if not already in place
- Continue dialogue with the OSCE Gender Unit on how to improve gender mainstreaming in all of the OSCE operations and activities, including by promoting the use of Canada’s GBA+ as a tool to train OSCE staff
- Promote women’s participation in OSCE conferences and events addressing the conflict cycle and the role of women
- Advocate for increased financial and human resources for the Gender Unit and enhanced involvement of the OSCE Senior Gender Advisor in the Secretariat’s policy and decision-making processes
- # of relevant Canada interventions advocating for OSCE field missions that have a mission-specific Gender Action Plan or Strategy
- # of interventions by Canada encouraging that OSCE field missions have a mission specific Gender focal point
- # of OSCE field missions that have an identified Gender Advisor or National Programme Officers dedicated to gender issues
- # of OSCE projects supported by Canada through in-kind or financial contribution that have gender mainstreaming identified in their objectives
- increased resources allocated to the OSCE Gender Unit for the implementation of gender mainstreaming due to Canada’s leadership in the OSCE Unified Budget negotiations
Mainstream WPS and gender into the politico-military efforts of the OSCE
11.2 TargetFootnote 33: Canada demonstrates strong commitment to ensuring the systematic integration of gender perspectives into OSCE capacity-building initiatives and outreach activities such as training, conferences, workshops, etc., especially with defence forces, operational law enforcement agencies, and other security-related government entities.
Baseline: The OSCE has a weak track record of integrating gender perspectives into its work in political-military affairs. In 2015, the number of gender projects at the OSCE increased, with a total of 81 projects reported within the political-military dimension that included gender perspectives. In the first dimension (political-military), only 11% of the projects reported had GE as a principal objective, 35% had GE as a significant objective or were fully gender mainstreamed, while the majority (54%) reported to have mainstreamed gender with regard to female participation only. Canada (RCMP/ Global Affairs Canada HQ/ VOSCE) participated in the first OSCE meeting on Gender Mainstreaming in Operational Responses to Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism in November 2016 and contributed to its main recommendations.
- Promote and enable the work of the Senior Gender Advisor in Vienna and the Gender Advisor of the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine through meetings, brain storming sessions, by requesting follow up with the Secretary General and his office on identified issues and challenges
- Provide support to gender-related CT projects being developed by the CT Office in the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
- Promote the annual OSCE "NAP Academy” in Vienna to other participating States and civil society
- Share best practices on integrating gender considerations into pol-mil initiatives with other States in the process of renewing or updating their NAPs through the OSCE WPS Group of Friends, the NAP Academy, by inviting relevant experts and delivering statements
- Promote the role of women in countering violent extremism with reference to Canada’s best practices and lessons learned in statements in OSCE Counter terrorism related meetings and conferences and better understanding of their role as perpetrators of violent extremism
- Advocate that monitors deployed to the Special Monitoring Mission Ukraine, including on VAW in conflict zones, are trained on GBA+
- Identify, analyse and promote the use of gender data relevant to the pol-mil work of the OSCE in all aspects of the conflict cycle
- Invite a representative from the Canadian Armed Forces to present Canadian efforts and lessons learned regarding the integration of women in the armed forces
- Provide support to conduct a household-level survey to be implemented in 10 OSCE States focusing on VAW and paying particular attention to experiences of women in conflict and post-conflict settings in order to gather useful data in the OSCE region
- # of Canadian statements or interventions at the OSCE (Ministerial Council, Permanent Council, Forum for Security Cooperation and other OSCE fora) that advanced integration of gender considerations in the political-military efforts of the OSCE, including in counter terrorism and violent extremism
- # of Ministerial Council decisions and drafts decisions on political-military efforts of the OSCE that relate to WPS/gender and the overall degree [Low, Medium, High] of Canadian engagement in their negotiations
- Degree to which [Low, Medium, High] data disaggregated for gender is gathered in OSCE field missions
Promote the increased representation of women at the OSCE
11.3 Target: By 2020, the 2004 OSCE Gender Action Plan is fully implemented by the OSCE Secretariat, with leadership by Canada.
Baseline: The 2004 OSCE Gender Action Plan has yet to be fully implemented, and requires updating. Women are systematically under-represented in political-military related positions, whilst over-represented in human rights and fundamental freedoms positions. Women are also present in low numbers amongst the heads of OSCE institutions and field operations. In 2015, for all non-HOM seconded posts to OSCE field missions, Canada nominated 42 women candidates as compared to 164 men (of which none of the eight DHoM candidates were women.) Canada successfully advocated for an upgrade of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission’s Gender Adviser in the 2017-2018 budget of the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine.
- Actively promote the appointment of women as heads of OSCE institutions (Secretary General, Office for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Representative for Freedom of the Media, High Commissioner for National Minorities and OSCE field missions)
- Seek out women nominees for secondment by Canada
- Promote increased representation of women in first dimension related work at the OSCE, including as speakers on political-military and security issues
- Engage with the newly nominated Senior Gender Adviser and like-minded participating States to organize targeted activities, such as working luncheons or side events, to coordinate and advance internal and external OSCE efforts to achieve active participation of women
- Use budget negotiations to promote the need for gender-based indicators and the use of gender markers in all OSCE executive structure budget proposals
- Promote efforts to ensure gender balance is taken into account in recruitments and secondments to OSCE missions
- Encourage other participating States to nominate women candidates for the various posts in the OSCE, most notably at senior levels
- Ensure that all Canadian training offered in the OSCE context is gender-representative and gender -mainstreamed
- Continue advocating for the upgrade of the Chief of the Gender Unit to allow more access and decision making capacity
- % and # of women candidates nominated by Canada for secondment, including at senior levels
- # of events held by the Mission to support and advance the active participation of women in the OSCE, including by inviting Canadian guests
- # of female experts invited by Canada to participate in OSCE-related events, on all substantive issues dealt with by the OSCE
- % and # of women in executive positions at the OSCE, across all dimensions of the organization’s work
Middle East StrategyFootnote 34: On February 2, 2016, Cabinet approved the Whole of Government Strategy for Support to the Global Coalition Against Daesh, and Broader Engagement in Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. The three-year Strategy (April 2016 – March 2019) integrates foreign policy, defence, and development so that Canada can make a modest but effective contribution to international efforts to help address the crises. The $2 billion commitment includes new funding of $1.5 billion, plus $0.6 billion in existing funding, to support Canada’s continuing efforts, to address immediate security threats while also providing support for the ongoing humanitarian crisis and longer-term development, security and stabilization needs in the region. Iraq and Syria are the main theatres of conflict and sources of instability in the region, while Jordan and Lebanon are the two neighbouring countries most at risk of destabilization, as they bear some of the greatest burden of the Syrian refugee crisis and face growing security concerns. In addition, Canada’s increasing support to experienced humanitarian partners in SRHR in emergencies, including in the Middle East, is helping to address gender-based gaps in access to reproductive health services; to integrate comprehensive GBV response and treatment in reproductive health; and provide safe spaces for women and girls. This whole-of-government Strategy is led by Global Affairs Canada, in partnership with the Department of National Defence, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, the Communications Security Establishment, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
12. Middle East Development Programming
ContextFootnote 35: This section pertains to the coordination and integration of the whole-of-government Strategy in the Middle East. Thus some targets below pertain more broadly to Humanitarian Assistance, Security and Stabilization, Diplomatic Engagement as well as Development. In 2019, the Government of Canada renewed the whole-of-government Strategy in the Middle East for an additional 2 years to March 2021.
The Middle East Development Program operates in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. Like most of Canadian development programming over the past two and a half decades, it has made a concerted effort to advance gender equality objectives through its programming to reduce poverty and improve economic development, accelerate human and social development, defend human rights, build the capacity of women’s rights organizations, and create more equitable societies. The Middle East Development Program operates in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
Increase mainstreaming of WPS and gender into development programming in Middle East
12.1 TargetFootnote 36: Canada will significantly increase the percentage of programming that integrates gender perspectives for the four countries under the Middle East Strategy (2016-2019).
Baseline: At the beginning of FY 2016/17, 73% of development programming integrated GE at the GE01 to GE03 levels under the Middle East Strategy
- Significantly increase integration of gender perspectives in our programming for the four Middle East countries during the Middle East Strategy (FY 2016/17 until FY 2018/19)
- Advance the GE policy dialogue and development advocacy in the Middle East
- % of programming in the four countries of the Strategy that is gender integrated
Undertake a gender stocktaking of programming and diplomatic engagement under whole of government Strategy
12.2 TargetFootnote 37:
- Facilitate a common understanding of the GE context in the 4 Middle East Strategy countries, and provide a baseline inventory of GAC initiatives integrating GE.
- Changes to the baseline will be tracked.
- Identify options to improve the quality and effectiveness of GE efforts in a potential second phase of the Middle East Strategy after FY 2018/19, if approved by Cabinet.
Baseline: Gender Stocktaking commenced in late June 2017.
- Verify gender coding of programming with Global Affairs Canada divisions implementing programs under the Strategy and note any corrections that were made
- Provide options for future programming, particularly post FY 2018/19, in each country of the Strategy, regarding improved quality and effectiveness of programming to advance the GE agenda and regarding focus areas for selection and design of future projects
- Completion of the gender stocktaking exercise
- Options provided in the Gender Stocktaking for improving quality and effectiveness of GE initiatives.
Support local women’s rights organizations and movements working to advance WPS and GE in the Middle East
12.3 TargetFootnote 38: Canada establishes a mechanism through which to provide direct support to women’s rights organization in the four countries of the Middle East Strategy.
Assuming at least another 4 years to undertake implementation:
- Canada enhances advocacy by women’s rights organizations to advance WPS and GE in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan
- Canada improves the management, programming and sustainability of local women’s rights organizations in the four countries of the Middle East Strategy.
- Canada increases the effectiveness of sub-national, national and regional women’s rights platforms, networks, and alliances to affect policy, legal and social change
Baseline: There is limited funding and institutional strengthening for women’s rights organizations and an absence of coordinated collective action on the part of women’s rights organizations in the four countries of the Middle East Strategy.
- Provide capacity building to women’s rights organizations
- Provide multi-year funding for women’s rights organizations
- Facilitate networking and alliance building among women’s rights organizations and other relevant stakeholders
- # of Women rights organizations who received multi-year funding from Canada
- # of organizations supported by Canada to facilitate networking and alliances
- # of capacity-building initiatives for women’s rights organizations supported
- %/total of grantees reporting greater reachFootnote 39 of programs
- # of women’s rights organizations with expanded services or increased membership
- # of inclusive legislation, policies, programmes, services supported or influenced by partner organizations/networks
Context, PSOPs programming in Iraq: The PSOPs programming in Iraq is linked to Canada’s membership in the Global Coalition to Counter Daesh, as well as PSOPs country strategy. From a geographic perspective, its programming focuses on areas that have been liberated from Daesh in the governorates of Anbar and Ninewah. Since Canada serves as gender focal point for the Global Coalition’s Working Group on Stabilization, Canada leads by example and ensures that WPS is integrated into all PSOPs programming in Iraq. Currently, PSOPs programming is based on three thematic lines of effort:
- essential services and civil security;
- reconciliation and conflict prevention; and
- transitional justice and accountability.
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Iraq
12.4 Target: Canada, through PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Iraq by ensuring that gender perspectives are integrated in 100% of projects.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, four out of seven Iraq-PSOP projects (57%) integrated gender perspectives. Footnote 40 Five out of seven projects supported women in improving peace and stability in Iraq.
- Prioritize project proposals that demonstrate comprehensive WPS and GBA+, and consultation with women/women’s organizations/WPS activities, while also addressing stabilization needs in Iraq
- Ensure that WPS and gender perspectives are reflected in logic models and performance measurement frameworks for new PSOPs projects
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Iraq that integrate GE considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Iraq that explicitly target GE (GE3 level)
Context, PSOPs programming in Syria: Syrian women’s political participation, in the best of cases, has been tokenized in politics over the past 50 years with little political space for women to be actively involved. Syrian women now more than ever have the opportunity to influence the transitional peace process and play a leading role in the UN-led Syria peace process negotiations. Currently, the ongoing conflict disproportionately affects women and girls. PSOPs programming in Syria will take into account the different needs of girls, women, boys and men as well as their opportunities to participate in decision-making in all peace and security activities and support women’s decision-making and leadership in peace-building. PSOPs programming is also taking an active role in supporting women’s active participation in the UN-led peace process and connecting women at the grassroots level with women playing a role in the peace process at the UN.
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Syria
12.5 TargetFootnote 41: Canada, through PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Syria by ensuring that gender perspectives are integrated in 90% of projects.
Baseline: Out of the 12 Syria- PSOPs projects in the FY 2016/17, 6 (50%) of the projects in Syria integrate WPS principles and/or gender perspectives.Footnote 42
- Encourage the inclusion of gender-based results in project design and promote gender budgeting
- Ensure that gender perspectives are reflected in new PSOPs projects
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Syria that integrate GE considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Syria that explicitly target GE (GE03 level)
13. Middle East Diplomatic Engagement
ContextFootnote 43: The Government of Iraq’s implementation of its’ NAP on UNSCR 1325 (2014-2018) has been limited. Currently, Iraq is in the process of developing the new 5-year Action Plan, but it is unclear whether the newly-formed government will show greater commitment to its implementation than the last one. Canada has recently expanded its diplomatic presence in Iraq, in both Baghdad and Erbil, and has increased somewhat it’s capacity to engage with the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government on WPS issues. However, the security environment remains restrictive, posing challenges for Canadian diplomats to travel outside the main cities of Baghdad and Erbil to engage with local authorities and organizations.
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements in Iraq
13.1 TargetFootnote 44: Canada promotes its WPS position and priorities to Iraqi government officials and stakeholders to increase awareness of WPS.
Baseline: Canada raises topics with senior government interlocutors related to: protection of women and girls, special consideration for survivors of Daesh atrocities, women and policing/women’s inclusion in the security sector, women as part of reconciliation processes, female genital mutilation, and other WPS-related issues.
- Raise WPS priorities with Iraqi and Kurdish officials, and report on significant responses by government officials, including reporting on Iraq’s implementation of its NAP on UNSCR 1325
- Engage Iraqi stakeholders and donors regarding gender integration in policy and partnerships.
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement initiatives where WPS principles were raised/ advanced with stakeholders
Timeline: Two years (to correspond with length of the Middle East Strategy, barring renewal)
Provide a platform for advancing WPS in stabilization efforts through the Global Coalition against Daesh’ Working Group on Stabilization
13.2 TargetFootnote 45: Canada maintains efforts to advance WPS in the Global Coalition against Daesh’ Working Group on Stabilization.
Baseline: Canada’s Chargé d’Affaires in Baghdad currently co-leads an informal diplomatic group with women Iraqi parliamentarians and PSOPs represents Canada as the Gender Focal Point of the Global Coalition against Daesh’ Working Group on Stabilization.
- Engage with the Government of Iraq and Coalition donors regarding gender integration into stabilization efforts, and engage women’s organizations, women members of parliament, civil society, security sector actors, and other partners as appropriate on WPS considerations (Iraq’s NAP on UNSCR 1325) within Iraqi-led priorities (e.g. service delivery, security, rule of law, reconciliation, etc.)
- The Stabilization Working Group continues to have a Gender Focal Point # of interventions and events on WPS that Canada hosted as the Gender Focal Point for the Global Coalition against Daesh’ Working Group on Stabilization
Context: Canada works closely with like-minded partners and Syrian stakeholders towards reaching a political solution to Syria's protracted conflict. Seven tragic years of conflict have added significant challenges to, and led to a deterioration of, women rights and the situation of Syrian women and girls living in and outside the country (when displaced by the conflict). Canada has continued to be highly active in supporting the meaningful participation of women in Syrian peace negotiations, and meaningful participation of women’s organizations and networks in conflict prevention. Canada will continue to prioritize women’s empowerment and increased and meaningful participation in political dialogue and decision making as well as GE, inclusiveness and protection generally.
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements concerning Syria
13.3 TargetFootnote 46,Footnote 47: Canada promotes its WPS positions and priorities with Syrian stakeholders to increase awareness of WPS
Baseline: Canada has raised, with Syrian stakeholders, issues related to women’s empowerment and participation in Syrian representative and governing bodies; women participation in political transition and future reconciliation processes; the protection of women and girls, with special considerations for issues related to SGBV, child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation; and Canada is recognized as a strong advocate for the participation of women in Syrian peace talks. However, there are persisting complex challenges in improving GE, women’s empowerment, inclusiveness, protection, and participation in the peace process.
- Raise WPS priorities with Syrian stakeholders/opinion-shapers/decision-makers, and report on significant developments
- Engage Syrian stakeholders, donors, women’s rights organizations, female senior Syrian representatives, civil society, and other actors on WPS and gender considerations (e.g. service delivery, political transition, reconciliation, security, rule of law, etc.)
- Support increased and meaningful participation of Syrian women’s groups, including the Women’s Advisory Committee, in the peace process
- Support programming that amplifies the voices of women
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement efforts where WPS principles were raised/ advanced with stakeholders
Timeline: Two years (to correspond with length of the Middle East Strategy, barring renewal)
ContextFootnote 48: Jordan has demonstrated support for and is implementing strategies that focus on women’s empowerment (National Strategy for Women and Government's Vision 2025). However, women still do not have the same legal status and rights as men. Discrimination, domestic violence, and child, early and forced marriage are enduring concerns, both in host communities and especially among Syrian refugees. Diplomatic advocacy continues to support Canada’s efforts to prioritize GE, women’s economic and political empowerment, inclusion, and protection.
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements in Jordan
13.4 TargetFootnote 49: Canada promotes its WPS position and priorities to Jordanian government officials and Jordanian stakeholders to increase awareness of WPS.
Baseline: Canada has raised, with senior Jordanian interlocutors and stakeholders, issues related to women’s empowerment and participation in Jordanian representative and governing bodies; women and policing/women’s inclusion in the security sector; the protection of women and girls, with special consideration for SGBV, child, early and forced marriage; and other WPS-related issues. However, challenges in improving GE, women’s empowerment, inclusiveness and protection persist.
- Raise WPS priorities with Jordanian stakeholders and report on significant developments
- Engage Jordanian stakeholders and donors regarding gender integration in policy and partnerships
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement efforts initiatives where WPS principles were advanced with stakeholders
ContextFootnote 50: Lebanon continues its slow and fragile transition from the civil war, addressing its many structural challenges including lack of good governance, high levels of corruption, limited economic growth, human rights limitations, and recurrent security challenges due notably to the presence of armed groups. While Lebanon appears fairly progressive compared to many other Arab countries with respect to many rights, some fundamental rights are still not fully recognized and respected. While the Lebanese government has remained focused on political and security issues, such efforts have slowed progress in a number of other areas, such as the improvement of women’s status in society, GE, human rights and good governance. While being one of the most vulnerable communities in the country, facing all of these challenges, including the influx of Syrian refugees, women have become advocates for social cohesion within and between communities. Under its Middle East Strategy, Canada has put GE, women’s protection, empowerment, and inclusiveness at the top of programming and advocacy efforts in Lebanon.
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements in Lebanon
13.5 TargetFootnote 51: Canada promotes its WPS position and priorities to Lebanese government officials and stakeholders to increase awareness of WPS.
Baseline: Canada has raised with senior Lebanese interlocutors and stakeholders, topics related to women’s empowerment and participation in Lebanese representative and governing bodies; women and policing/women’s inclusion in the security sector; the protection of women and girls, with special consideration for SGBV violence, child, early and forced marriage; and other WPS-related issues. However, challenges in improving GE, women’s empowerment, inclusiveness and protection persist.
- Raise WPS priorities with Lebanese stakeholders, and report on significant developments
- Engage Lebanese stakeholders and donors regarding gender integration in policy and partnerships
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement initiatives where WPS principles were raised/ advanced with stakeholders
14. South Sudan
Context: South Sudan is one of the world’s most fragile states and women and girls remain one of the most marginalized groups. Conflict continues to impact women and girls differently and disproportionately, and continues to violate their rights. Women are also consistently excluded from conflict prevention and peace activities. The South Sudanese government has a NAP on UNSCR 1325 (2015-2020), but its implementation capacity is limited. Given South Sudan’s extreme fragility, the political and security environment presents numerous challenges for programming and diplomatic engagement related to the WPS agenda.
Canada’s bilateral development assistance in South Sudan is focused on meeting the basic needs of the poorest and most vulnerable, particularly women and girls. Empowering women and girls and reducing gender inequalities is also at the core of Canada’s development approach. Canada’s programming supports the delivery of gender-sensitive basic health services, including maternal, newborn and child health, with increasing attention to SRHR. In particular, Canada is working with local partner organizations to empower women and girls to make their own decisions about their sexual and reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion and violence, and to positively influence attitudes and social norms related to SRHR. Canada is also supporting efforts to improve food security by boosting food production, protecting livelihoods, and strengthening community resilience to hunger, including by working directly with women farmers to increase their participation in production and marketing activities. Canada regularly engages with the Government of South Sudan to advocate for the needs and rights of women and children affected by the conflict. This includes an emphasis on protecting women and girls from high levels of SGBV, including the use of rape as a weapon of war. Canada also monitors the human rights situation for women and girls and actively engages advocates for the meaningful inclusion of women leaders in the peace process.
The PSOPs programming is taking into account the different needs of girls, women, boys and men, as well as their opportunities to participate in decision-making in all peace and security efforts. PSOPs is supporting women’s decision-making and leadership in peacebuilding and the efforts aimed at addressing the underlying root-causes of conflict and violence, particularly addressing unequal power relations and discrimination against women and girls.
Increase the support to local women’s rights organizations in South Sudan
14.1 TargetFootnote 52: Canada increases targeted support to local women’s rights organizations and movements working to empower women and girls and advance GE. By 2021/22, 15 women’s rights organizations and movements are supported by the bilateral development program and through CFLI.
Baseline: One women’s rights organization and/or movement received support via the bilateral development program and through the CFLI in FY 2016/17
- Provide support to local women’s organizations and movements, including the mapping of organizational capacities, priorities, and needs
- # of women’s rights organizations and/or movements supported in South Sudan by the bilateral development program and through the CFLI
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements in South Sudan
14.2 TargetFootnote 53: Canada increases advocacy on the WPS agenda in diplomatic engagement with South Sudan.
Baseline: No advocacy specific to the WPS agenda in diplomatic engagement with South Sudan.
- Regularly advocate for the WPS agenda, with a focus on objectives set out in the South Sudan NAP on UNSCR 1325
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement efforts with stakeholders where WPS principles were advanced
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in South Sudan
14.3 Target: Canada, through PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in South Sudan by ensuring that WPS principles and gender perspectives are integrated into 100% of projects.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, there were 2 (100%) projects that supported women to participate in improving peace and security in South Sudan. Both projects integrated WPS principles, and both projects increased the budget to integrate more WPS elements.Footnote 54
- Encourage the inclusion of gender-based results in project design and promote gender budgeting
- Ensure that WPS and/or gender perspectives are reflected in new PSOPs projects
- # and % of PSOPs projects in South Sudan that integrate GE considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in South Sudan that explicitly target GE (GE03 level)
Context: In April 2015, President Nkurunziza of Burundi announced that he would be running for a third term in the election planned later that year. Burundian authorities engaged in systematic and brutal repression of any form of dissent to President Nkurunziza’s decision, and this crackdown intensified following the May 2015 coup attempt. Large segments of Burundi’s population, the political opposition, and many members of the international community deemed his decision unconstitutional and in contravention of the 2000 Arusha Agreement. According to reports from the UN, local and international NGOs such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, the violence orchestrated by President Nkurunziza’s regime has targeted many groups and individuals perceived as opponents of the regime. Women and girls have been the target of SGBV, notably rape, principally from the Imbonerakure youth militia.
As Canada does not have a physical diplomatic presence in Burundi, visits to the country and information-gathering from bilateral and multilateral partners on the political and humanitarian situation are a significant part of how Canada scopes out opportunities for diplomatic or programmatic action and advocacy on Burundi. Therefore, in order to ensure that the needs, interests and challenges of Burundian women and girls are taken into consideration in the development of Canada’s plans and actions in Burundi, Canadian officials reporting on Burundi will ensure that their conflict analysis integrates gender perspectives and gender-based concerns, specifically those related to women and girls
Increase Canada’s knowledge of issues pertaining to women and girls in the context of the conflict in Burundi
15.1 TargetFootnote 55: Canada increases its understanding of the differential impact of the conflict on Burundian women, men, boys and girls. At least half (50% per FY) of reports and analytical products, produced by the mission in Kigali and/or Global Affairs Canada headquarters, relating to the situation in Burundi, will integrate and/or address gender-based perspectives.
Baseline: Owing to the nature of the conflict, Global Affairs Canada reporting on the situation in Burundi already captures gender-based concerns. However, this approach to reporting is not fully integrated into routine practice. Also, there is currently no systematic tracking of reporting and analysis that comprise gender-based and women’s issues.
- Conduct gender-based reporting and analysis
- Engage with government officials working on gender issues, CSO, in particular women’s rights organizations, and/or relevant international organizations in most GAC missions to Burundi
- Advocate for GE and women and girls safe and meaningful empowerment
- % of reporting and analytical products that are prepared according to gender-based considerations, based on the total number of reporting and analysis prepared
- Number of meetings with relevant stakeholders in Burundi, in particular women’s rights organizations
16. Democratic Republic of Congo
Context: Canada provides humanitarian and development assistance to the DRC to address the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable, including those affected by the country’s ongoing conflict and state fragility. Canada’s development assistance aims to improve the health of women and children, advance their rights, increase their political, economic and social empowerment, and support democratic governance and peaceful pluralism. Canada’s programming in the DRC includes efforts to combat SGBV at the national and regional levels, with a focus on provinces affected by conflict in the Eastern region. Programming is aligned with the DRC’s National Strategy to Combat GBV (2009). Through projects and policy dialogue, Canada advocates for the rights of women and girls, women’s empowerment and the end to impunity for perpetrators of sexual and gender-based crimes and promotes social behavioural change. Projects provide health, psychosocial and legal services and assistance to survivors of SGBV, strengthen key national institutions, and support local women’s organization to advance gender equality and women’s rights. More broadly, Canada engages in policy dialogue with the DRC government, the donor community and other stakeholders on a broad range of issues related to women’s rights and participation in society, including the fight against SGBV. This includes advocating for greater commitment by the DRC government on the prevention of SGBV and the fight against impunity, improving donor collaboration, promoting coherent efforts and approaches, and increasing protection measures for women and girls affected by the country’s regional conflicts.
Increase the number of leaders committed to and engaged in the fight against all forms of sexual and GBV in the DRC
16.1 TargetFootnote 56: Canada engages with key DRC stakeholders in the prevention and behavioural change efforts in order to strengthen their commitment to address the root causes of SGBV
Baseline: Some awareness of root causes but little is translated into action.
- Conduct educational, advocacy and behavioral change campaigns with key national, regional and local stakeholders
- Support civil society to hold leaders to account
- Perception by women's organizations that there is a greater national dialogue on these issues and action taken at different levels.
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement efforts with stakeholders on the root causes of SGBV
Increase the availability and use of health, psychosocial and protection services for survivors of SGBV in the DRC
16.2 TargetFootnote 57: Canada supports the measures outlined in DRC’s National Strategy to Combat GBV (2009) to increase national leadership and coordination and make services available to survivors of SGBV.
Baseline: Plan exists but it requires updating, as well as a dedicated budget.
- Build the capacity of key national institutions and civil society to put in place needed reforms and action agreed measures, as well as to commit resources and provide services
- Through programming and advocacy, support key national institutions and local civil society networks to deliver on their mandates in the fight against SGBV and to support survivors
- Develop programming to prevent and respond to SGBV, in line with Canada’s commitment to advancing SRHR, including by engaging men and boys and the prevailing norms in their respective communities.
- # of Canadian supported interventions to prevent and respond to SGBV
- Progress on the measures outlined in DRC’s National Strategy to Combat GBV
- Demonstrated commitment by the government to put in place prevention, protection and response strategies to address SGBV.
Support the empowerment of women and girls in preventing/addressing SGBV in the DRC
16.3 TargetFootnote 58: Canada continues to advance a portfolio of projects to advance the rights of women and girls, women’s empowerment, and the implementation of the WPS agenda in DRC.
Baseline: Many women’s organizations are dedicated to advancing women’s empowerment and rights but lack capacity and the means to advance their objectives.
- Develop projects that advance GE and focus on increasing women’s rights, leadership and control over resources
- # and % of projects that integrate GE considerations coded GE02 and GE03 in which women’s empowerment is a core objective and results in advancing GE.
ContextFootnote 59: Since 2012, Mali has been facing profound governance, development and security challenges. Instability is persistent and is progressing, while the security context is becoming more complex. While Mali’s fragility is more noticeable in the north and increasingly so in the centre of the country, the country as a whole is still in a very precarious situation. In the north and centre, humanitarian and development organizations’ access to civilian populations remains a challenge. The government and most armed groups in the north signed a Peace and Reconciliation Agreement in June 2015, but there has been slow and uneven implementation of the accord and increasing attacks by terrorist groups. Despite the presence of the French CT force, and a large UN peacekeeping mission, the country continues to face serious threats to its stability and security. Traditionally, women in Mali have been active behind the scenes in resolving conflict in their communities. However, very few women and women’s groups have participated in peacebuilding activities and fewer still have been actively involved in the formal peace process in Mali.
In FY 2018/19, Mali was the second-largest recipient of Canadian international assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Canada is engaged in policy dialogue with the Government of Mali, the donor community and other stakeholders on a broad range of issues related to women’s rights and participation in society, and Canadian development assistance is intended to help the country build a brighter future for its people by concentrating on access to sexual and reproductive health care services; nutrition; improving the quality of education and vocational training; increasing agricultural productivity; and better governance and accountability. This also includes support to Mali’s transitional justice and national reconciliation process. Canada is an active member of the donor coordination groups in Mali and maintains an ongoing and open dialogue with Malian authorities. Canada is also co-leading the GE donor coordination group and uses this platform to promote the rights and empowerment of women and girls. Canada also uses other platforms and networks (e.g. International Women’s Day, VIP visits, sector committees and working groups, the Francophonie) to show its support for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in Mali and also the implementation of the Mali national gender plan, which was developed with Canada’s assistance.
Support the increased and meaningful participation of women in reconciliation and conflict prevention and enhance women’s access to justice in Mali
17.1 TargetFootnote 60:
- Increased access for women and girls to justice services and legal representation for the promotion and protection of their human rights.
- Increased participation of women, youth and others affected by the crisis, to reconciliation and conflict prevention.
Baseline: Limited capacity of CSOs to promote human rights and support women leaders in their reconciliation and conflict prevention efforts. Justice, prevention and reconciliation for women, minors and other persons affected by the crisis in Mali (JUPREC) [2014-2021].
- Support CSO in providing legal aid and judicial assistance to protect and respect for the rights of persons affected by the crisis in Mali, including women and minors.
- Support to various reconciliation and conflict prevention mechanisms at the community and national level that integrate women and youth affected by the conflict.
- # of new practices and tools adopted by CSO in their legal interventions and representation with the purpose of respecting and protecting human rights of those affected by the conflict, in particular women.
- # of commitments and mechanisms for conflict prevention, reconciliation and transitional justice that include women and youth at the community and national level.
- # of women leaders supported by Canada on reconciliation and conflict prevention
Advance WPS in Canadian diplomatic engagements in Mali
17.2 TargetFootnote 61: Increased advocacy and engagement with interlocutors, including government officials, on Canada’s WPS position and priorities on WPS in Mali.
Baseline: Canada raises issues with Malian authorities and other donors related to: the protection of women and girls and representation of women in the security sector (as part of reconciliation processes), female genital mutilation, SGBV, peacebuilding activities (including economic empowerment), and other WPS-related issues.
- Increase focus of advocacy efforts on advancing the rights of women and girls related to WPS priorities and principals.
- # of outreach/advocacy/engagement efforts where WPS principles were advanced with stakeholders
- # of outreach/ advocacy/ engagement efforts with stakeholders on roots causes of SGBV
Support women’s political, social and economic empowerment in Mali
17.3 TargetFootnote 62: Canada’s development initiatives promote the empowerment of women and girls, including increasing women’s political, social and economic empowerment.
Baseline: Operational development projects that integrate GE and support to women’s political, social and economic empowerment in Mali (2017-2018).Out of 28 operational development projects: 20 projects are coded GE02 (71%) and 2 projects are coded GE03 (7%)
- Fund projects where women’s rights, leadership and control over resources are core objectives, including capacity building of key government ministries and support to civil society.
- # and % of projects that integrate GE considerations coded GE02 and GE03 (7%) in which women’s empowerment is a core objective and results in advancing GE
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Mali
17.4 TargetFootnote 63: Canada, through its PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Mali by ensuring that WPS principles and/or gender perspectives are integrated in 80% of projects.
Baseline: In the FY 2016/17, there were 3 (75%) projects that included WPS principles and/or gender perspectives.Footnote 64
- Fund projects/activities supporting women’s engagement in peace and security activities
- Fund projects/activities aiming to increase the capacity of women to engage in peace and security activities
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Mali that integrate GE considerations (GE02 and GE03 levels
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Mali that explicitly target GE (GE03 level)
Latin America and the Caribbean
Context: In 2016, Guatemala commemorated the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Peace Accords formally ending a 36-year internal armed conflict that left over 200,000 people dead and over one million people displaced, the majority of whom were Mayan Indigenous Peoples. Unfortunately, many of the underlying causes of the armed conflict are yet to be resolved. Achieving GE and the full exercise of women’s and girls’ rights remain a significant challenge in Guatemala’s society that is largely dominated by men. Discrimination and racism particularly affect Indigenous women and girls. VAW is widespread: Guatemala has the third highest rate of femicide in the world. The promotion, protection and respect for the rights of women and girls are at the centre of Canada’s development programming in Guatemala. Canada seeks to strengthen:
- gender-sensitive criminal investigations;
- access to justice and use of justice support services by women and girls particularly in cases related to SGBV; and
- respect for women’s and girls’ human rights including SRHR.
Canada will develop specific GE initiatives to meet its objectives on advancing the rights of women and girls in Guatemala and will also ensure a high level of GE integration in all projects.
Canada will use all programming channels and diplomatic tools available to advance this work including policy dialogue with Guatemalan state officials, civil society, especially women’s organizations, and with the international donor community.
Support a gender-responsive approach to transitional justice, reconciliation and security sector reform in Guatemala
18.1 TargetFootnote 65: Canada improves institutional capacity for gender-sensitive criminal investigations in Guatemala.
Baseline: As of April 2017, Canada had one project approved but no advances on gender-sensitive criminal investigations. Six women’s rights and gender-justice projects with criminal investigation strengthening components were in the design and/or seeking approval stages.
- Provide training, policy dialogue, evidence gathering and strategic litigation that improves Guatemala’s gender-sensitive investigative and prosecution capacity in legal cases related to sexual violence and other gender-based crimes
- # of tools, processes and trainings developed to increase a gender-sensitive approach to investigations
- # of initiatives supported by Canada to strengthen women and girls access to justice in FCAS
18.2 TargetFootnote 66: Canada increases women’s and girls’ access to justice and use of justice support services, particularly in cases related to SGBV.
Baseline: As of April 2017, Canada had no operational projects providing support services to women survivors of SGBV. Three new projects were in the design, planning and/or seeking approval stage to support this target.
- Strengthen women’s and girls’ access to justice in cases of SGBV by providing gender-sensitive legal, psychological and other justice-related social services, and by raising public awareness on SGBV
- # of women and girls accessing gender-sensitive legal, psychological and other justice-related social services as part of Canadian programming initiatives
Promote respect for women’s and girls’ human rights in Guatemala
18.3 TargetFootnote 67: Canada increases the knowledge and exercise of women’s and girls’ human rights, including SRHR.
Baseline: As of April 2017, Canada had two operational small initiatives working on SGBV and one operational multilateral project on SRHR. Four new projects were in the design, planning and/or seeking approval stage to support this target.
- Support national and grassroots women’s organizations in the promotion, protection and respect for women’s and girls’ rights, especially those related to SGBV and SRHR
- # of women and girls exercising their rights, along with and types of actions taken (e.g. legal, advocacy to exercise these rights)
- # of projects that significantly or fully integrate GE are implemented
ContextFootnote 68: Despite the absence of conflict, Haiti remains a fragile state marked by weak institutions, political volatility, control of the economy by a handful of private interests, and vulnerability to natural disasters and external shocks.
Addressing issues relating to women’s rights, GE, and women's participation in decision-making spheres is a stark challenge within Haitian society. The promotion, protection and respect for the human rights of women and girls and for issues relating to WPS take on special importance in this context, and will be an important part of Canada’s development programming in Haiti in each of its priority sectors. In this context, Canada will continue its efforts to strengthen:
- Women’s socio economic empowerment through economic and civic engagement of women in decision-making spheres;
- Women and girls sexual rights, and access to sexual and reproductive health and education services; and
- The promotion and safeguarding of the human rights of women and girls and will take special measure to protect them from SGBV.
As women and girls play a key role in their communities’ development, the programs’ and projects’ focus on those priorities (i.e. ongoing projects and planned projects that will be submitted for approval) will help to improve the economic, social and political well-being of women and girls so that they can fully play their role in the Haitian society. Canada will promote and support the empowerment of women in meaningful decision-making spheres and will develop specific initiatives for the promotion and protection of and respect for the rights of women and girls
Canada will continue to foster sectoral initiatives in which GE will be strongly integrated, and will also engage in a policy dialogue with the government of Haiti, Haitian civil society (especially women’s organizations), and the donor community, on the rights of women and girls, chiefly in the three priorities mentioned above. The Haitian state has a weak capacity to address SGBV, Canada thus supports initiatives that address SGBV issues and that encourage the presence of women in decision-making platforms relating to such issues. The achievement of objectives associated with these priorities depends in large part on the approval of projects currently in the planning stage. The following indicators, baselines and targets will be considered, and further indicators, baselines and targets will also be provided following consultations with civil society. Moreover, efforts will be undertaken to identify these indicators, baselines and targets and ensure their measurability.
Furthermore, Canada, through its PSOPs, will engage in efforts designed to strengthen Haiti’s public governance institutions in the security and justice sectors and proactively target violence prevention efforts to effectively enforce security and protect the human rights of its citizens. For example, PSOPs will support the engagement and participation of women/girls at all levels of decision-making; prevent VAW/girls and promote women’s rights; provide gender-sensitive training; and give women and girls access to and control over resources.
Women’s socio-economic empowerment through economic and civic engagement of women in decision-making spheres
19.1 TargetsFootnote 69 :
- Canada supports local women’s rights organizations and movements;
- Canada helps to increase the number of women who engage in political life; and
- Canada helps to promote and support the empowerment of women and girls, including by increasing women’s political, social and economic empowerment
Baseline: Capacities of Haitian CSO are weak; women’s political engagement is low. Currently, only 4 out of 148 parliamentarians are women.
- Support and coach women’s organizations, state and local authorities in order to strengthen women’s access to positions of accountability and decision-making in the public and political spheres
- Promote and support the rights of women and girls, including through the political, social and economic empowerment of women and girls, with a special focus on sexual and GBV, as well as SRHR
- Build the capacity of government agencies, civil society and private-sector organizations and foster initiatives that will support women in decision-making forums (national and local governments, school boards, health boards, Police, etc.)
- Coach and build the capacity of women entrepreneurs and their organizations, including in the agriculture and business sectors; support technical and vocational training for women and teenage girls.
- Promote the economic empowerment of women and youth, not only at the production level, but also at the processing and marketing levels in different agricultural value chains.
- Training and technical guidance activities, as well as access to credit, capital and inputs
- # of women’s advocacy organizations with strengthened capacities
- Perception of the level of engagement of women and women’s organizations in political life
- Proportion of women involved in local and national governance
- Proportion of women involved in agricultural value chains activities
- #of women entrepreneurs, farmers and smallholders provided with financial and/or business development services through GAC-funded projects
Support women’s and girls’ access to health services, including for sexuality and reproduction, and education
19.2 TargetFootnote 70:
- Canada helps to build the capacity of health institutions to take care of women and girl survivors of sexual violence and exploitation;
- Canada increases the level of knowledge on the part of women, girls and communities related to reproductive and sexual health and associated rights.
- Canada contributes to increasing the net secondary enrolment rate for girls.
Baseline: Weak capacity of health care and education institutions; Weak level of knowledge on the part of women, girls and communities related to reproductive and sexual health and associated rights. The net secondary enrolment rate for girls is 16.5% (2015-2016).
- Support health care institutions in offering better-quality services, especially for reproductive and sexual health, and prevention and empowerment for women and girl victims of sexual violence and exploitation
- Support the public education sector in improving access to school and school feeding, and inclusive education services to foster student retention and success, especially for girls
- Level of capacities of health care institutions to provide care for women and girl survivors of sexual violence
- Level of knowledge on the part of women, girls and communities related to reproductive and sexual health and associated rights
- # of GE and women rights capacity-building programs delivered to government education officials and school personnel
- Net secondary enrolment rate for girls
Promote and protect the human rights of women and girls, their access to justice and security, and take special measures to protect them from SGBV
19.3 TargetsFootnote 71:
- Promote and safeguard the human rights of women and girls and take special measures to protect them from sexual and GBV;
- Canada supports Haitian institutions and civil society to address SGBV issues; and
- Canada supports the improvement of the legal framework for women, particularly with regard to the protection of women, girls and boys from SGBV.
Baseline: Ability of the Haitian state to address SGBV is low. Haitian legislations protecting women from sexual harassment, domestic violence and sexual violence in several sectors are lacking.
- Coach and build the capacity of human rights advocacy organizations (including women’s organizations), and justice sector actors (lawyers, Ombudsman’s office -OPC, etc.) to document human rights violations and advocate for human rights, especially for women and children
- Support legal identification and protection for Haitian migrants on the border with the Dominican Republic and the safe relocation of Haitian families displaced by the 2010 earthquake, chiefly women and children. Support protection for minors in domestic service and in prison and the prevention of child domestic labour
- Build the capacity of the Haitian National Police Force to counter SGBV
- # of special measures and safeguards for women and girls towards SGBV issues; and
- # pieces of legislation proposed, passed or seconded addressing the issues of women and girls’ human rights and SGBV
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Haiti
19.4 TargetFootnote 72: Canada, through PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Haiti by ensuring that WPS and gender are integrated in 80% of projects.
Baseline: In the FY 2016/17, there were 2 (50%) projects that supported women to participate in improving peace and stability in Haiti. The 2 projects integrated WPS considerations in the logic model and performance measurement frameworks.Footnote 73
- Encourage the inclusion of gender-based results in project design and promote gender budgeting
- Ensure that WPS and/or gender perspectives are reflected in new PSOPs projects
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Haiti that integrate GE considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Haiti that explicitly target GE (GE03 level)
ContextFootnote 74: Colombia’s internal armed conflict with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) was the longest running armed conflict in the Americas. It killed over 220,000 people; displaced more than 7.1 million and resulted in 60,000 disappearances. Although there is no official data, it is estimated that at least 500,000 women were targeted with sexual violence. Colombia has the second highest number of landmine victims in the world (after Afghanistan), and Colombians have suffered grave human rights violations and destabilization in rural areas. In 2016, the Government of Colombia and the FARC signed a peace agreement that ended over 50 years of internal armed conflict. The implementation of this agreement brings great opportunities for Colombia. However, challenges remain related to violence at the hands of other armed and guerilla groups, criminality, poverty, corruption, and human rights abuses, including an increase in the number of assassinations of human rights defenders (343 people between January 2017 and August 2018). The peace agreement with FARC includes specific provisions related to: advancing women’s rights to rural economic development and political participation; illicit drugs; victims’ assistance; and demobilization, disarmament and reintegration of former combatants. Canada is supporting these efforts.
Canada has a strong record of advancing GE, human rights and empowerment of women and girls in Colombia through international assistance, the CFLI, and PSOPs programming. In 2016, Canada announced $78 million in funding for initiatives to support Colombia’s peace implementation, including $20 million to the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund for Post-Conflict in Colombia. This programming aims to empower women as agents of peace. Investments in rural development are supporting women’s increased and meaningful participation, including as decision-makers, in rural cooperatives and associations; as well as enabling equal access to and control over resources such as credit, infrastructure and land. Canadian supported initiatives acknowledge and address the differential impact of conflict on women and girls, and analyze the factors that support women to succeed in the marketplace and increase their skills, which is important in the post-conflict context. Canada also focused on education and youth programming to protect Colombian children and youth (particularly girls) from violence, exploitation and abuse. This work is supporting efforts to transform unequal gender relations among youth in conflict zones, and create educational opportunities for vulnerable girls and teenage mothers. In 2017-2018, Canada chaired Colombia’s International Cooperation Gender Coordination Group, coordinating the efforts of more than 40 organizations to advocate and advance GE and women's rights in Colombia. The Group has been instrumental in promoting the participation of women in Colombia’s peace negotiations.
Support the increased and meaningful participation of women in peacebuilding, recovery and conflict resolution
20.1 Target: Canada increases the capacity of women engaged in peacebuilding, recovery and conflict resolution activities.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, Canada’s development program in Colombia supported two gender sensitive initiatives that increased meaningful participation of women and girls in peacebuilding, recovery and conflict resolution, as well as the reintegration of women combatants.
- Fund projects/activities that support and strengthen the participation, leadership and empowerment of women and women's organizations in peace building, recovery and conflict resolution as well as the reintegration of women combatants
- # of gender sensitive initiatives that support increased and meaningful participation of women and girls in peacebuilding, recovery and conflict resolution as well as the reintegration of women combatants
Enhance access to justice, compensation services and protection for women and girls
20.2 Target: Canada enhances access to justice, protection and compensation services for women and girls survivors of violence caused by the conflict.
Baseline: In 2016/17, Canada’s bilateral development program in Colombia supported three projects that promoted women’s and girls’ access to victims’ services in conflict-affected areas.
- Fund projects/activities that support the Government of Colombia’s delivery of justice, protection and compensation services for women and girls
- Continue to support legal assistance for women and girls survivors in order to obtain reparations/ compensation and access to justice (e.g. transitional justice)
- # of projects/ activities that promote women’s and girls’ access to victims’ services in conflict-affected areas
Support women’s empowerment and the advancement of GE, including through the engagement of men and youth
20.3 Target: Canada enhances access to quality education and sustainable livelihoods for girls and women as key components for a sustainable peace.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, Canada’s development program in Colombia economically empowered 3,600 women through financial education and provided access to quality education in conflict affected rural areas to 2,109 boys and girls.
- Fund projects/ activities that increase women’s access to resources and support their increased and meaningful participation in economic activities, particularly in rural areas and conflict-affected communities
- Fund projects/activities that increase access to quality education for young women and girls in conflict-affected rural areas and projects aiming to build the capacity of women to advocate for and monitor the adequate implementation of the aspects of the peace agreement that relate to their rights, including gender-sensitive security sector reform efforts
- # of women and girls economically empowered through development projects/activities
- # of women and girls with access to quality education in conflict-affected rural areas
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Colombia
20.4 Target: Canada, through PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Colombia by ensuring that WPS principles and/or gender perspectives are integrated in 75% of projects
Baseline: In the FY 2016/17, there were 7 out of 11 projects (63%) that included WPS and/or gender perspectives.Footnote 75
- Encourage the inclusion of gender-based results in project design and promote gender budgeting
- Ensure that WPS principles and/or gender perspectives are reflected in new PSOPs projects
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Colombia that integrate GE considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Colombia that explicitly target GE (GE03 level)
Context: Decades of conflict and fragility have deepened and legitimized the practices that deny women and girls their human rights, mobility and opportunity, and ultimately their equal status with men and boys. Women and girls throughout Afghanistan are disadvantaged by: their low participation in politics and governance; un-implemented laws that protect women; limited access to justice; pervasive SGBV; cultural practices that undermine women’s and girls' rights; poor access to health services; poverty and economic dependence on men; and inadequate access to education and high female adult illiteracy. In addition, women continue to face major obstacles regarding economic opportunities, as well as norms that discourage women from working outside of the home and seeking financial independence. Most women lack literacy and financial management skills. Most Afghan businesswomen are unable to access credit or financing. Though laws protect women’s rights to property and inheritance, in reality many women still struggle to claim their economic and property rights. Despite modest gains over the past decade, ongoing conflict hampers the overall progress of women’s economic, political and social rights.
Development programming in Afghanistan is focused on empowering women and girls through increased support to women organizations and improved access to education and health care services. Canada will continue supporting the delivery of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health care to women and girls living in hard-to-reach communities.
Support the increased representation of women in the Afghan National Defence and Security ForcesFootnote 76
21.1 TargetFootnote 77: Canada actively supports the implementation of Afghanistan’s NAP on UNSCR 1325. Afghan National Defence and Security Forces have targets for recruitment of qualified women, particularly at the low and middle management level, as part of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces sustainment. The goal is to reach the targets set for women within the Afghan National Police and the Afghan National Army: 5% for the police and 0.75% for the army.
- Continue to co-chair the Ministry of Interior Support Team and take on potential new role as co-chair of the International Police Coordination Board, both of which will engage on support of Afghanistan’s NAP
- # of occasions policy dialogue was undertaken in relevant forums on implementation of Afghanistan’s NAP on WPS
- % of women recruited into the National Police and Afghan National Army
Support women’s rights organizations in advancement of Afghanistan’s NAP on WPS
21.2 TargetFootnote 78: In direct support of the goals outlined in Afghanistan’s NAP on WPS, 35 Afghan women’s rights organizations are supported through the Women’s and Girls’ Rights and Empowerment sector programming.
Baseline: In FY 2016/17, Canada supported one women’s rights organization through policy dialogue and Women’s and Girls’ Rights and Empowerment sector programming.
- Support Afghan women’s rights organizations through policy dialogue and dedicated women’s and girls’ rights and empowerment programming
- # of Afghan partners supported by Women’s and Girls’ Rights and Empowerment sector programming in direct support of the goals outlined in Afghanistan’s NAP on WPS
ContextFootnote 79: Since August 25, 2017, the grave humanitarian and security crisis that continues to unfold in Myanmar stands as a global tragedy, which has led more than 730,000 Rohingya to flee their homes in Rakhine State and seek refuge in neighbouring Bangladesh. SGBV has featured significantly in this conflict and Canada will continue to advocate for the human rights of the Rohingya and on the need to bring perpetrators of violence to account.
The Rohingya crisis starkly underscores the importance of pursuing GE in Myanmar. To date, Myanmar’s progress in GE includes equality in legal and policy frameworks, such as constitutional guarantees for equal rights without discrimination against any Myanmar citizen on the basis of sex. Myanmar has ratified and endorsed the major international conventions and agreements on GE and women’s and children’s rights, and its National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women (2013–2022) is based on the priority areas of the Beijing Platform for Action. Significant challenges remain despite this progress, including limited public sector capacity, policy implementation gaps, varied performance among and within sectors, traditional cultural values related to women’s roles and responsibilities that shape familial relationships, limited women’s participation in decision making and access to resources, and allowing GBV to occur with impunity. Moreover, Myanmar’s peace process has largely excluded gender concerns and women’s participation in both process and substance. The level of women’s inclusion during peace agreement negotiations has been low.
In response, Canada’s bilateral development program will work with partners to integrate GE results across development programs, increase support for SRHR, including ending SGBV, and increase support for women and girls’ and GE through the support of local organizations. PSOPs programming in Myanmar will support and strengthen the capacities of various groups, including women’s groups, to increase their participation and capacity to influence decisions on the peace process. In addition, PSOPs programming opportunities in Myanmar will take gender perspectives into account when deciding which initiatives to fund.
Support local women’s rights organizations and movements working to advance GE and WPS
22.1 TargetFootnote 80: Canada strengthens the integration of GE and women and girls’ empowerment in bilateral development programming to 90% of funding by the end of the FY 2021/22 to increase GE and meaningful participation of women in public life in Myanmar
Baseline: 73% of funding integrates GE in results (FY 2017/18).
- Identify new projects with significant integration of GE results or targeted specifically at women’s empowerment and support to women’s organizations by the end of FY 2021/22
- % of bilateral development funding that significantly integrates GE or that specifically targets GE and women’s and girls’ empowerment by the end of FY 2021/22
Increase the support for SRHR and rights including ending SGBV
22.2 Target: The support for (SRHR) and ending SGBV in bilateral development programming is increased by 2021/22.
Baseline: No projects target SRHR in the FY 2017/18.
- Identify projects and partners to support SRHR including ending SGBV
- # of projects (or percentage of funding) on SRHR and ending SGBV
Mainstream WPS and gender into peace and security efforts in Myanmar
22.3 TargetFootnote 81: Canada, through its PSOPs, demonstrates support for women’s increased and meaningful participation in improving peace and security in Myanmar by ensuring that WPS principles and gender perspectives are integrated in 75% of projects.
Baseline: In the FY 2016/17, there was 1 project (50%) that integrated WPS principles and gender perspectives in Myanmar.Footnote 82
- Ensure that WPS principles and/or gender perspectives are reflected new PSOPs projects
- Encourage the inclusion of gender-based results in project design and promote gender budgeting
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Myanmar that integrate WPS considerations (GE01 and GE02 levels)
- # and % of PSOPs projects in Myanmar that explicitly target WPS (GE03 level)
- Date Modified: