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Canada and the G7

The G7 is an informal grouping of seven of the world’s advanced economies: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

Overview of Canada and the G7

Since joining the G7 in 1976, Canada has further strengthened its political and economic ties with the world’s most advanced economies and helped shape global progress on a broad range of issues.

History and Membership of G7

In 1976, Canada joined the leaders of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to discuss coordinated responses to global crises. The European Union was invited to attend in 1977.

G7 Official Documents

Statements and declarations from previous meetings of the G7.

Overview of Canada and the G7

The G7 is a forum designed for frank and open discussion between leaders, ministers and policy-makers. As a member of the G7, Canada plays a leading role on the international stage and is able to promote and deliver on domestic and international priorities.

The G7 provides global leadership and plays a powerful catalyst role on issues that are later taken up by other fora with broader global and regional membership. The G7 brings together the world’s advanced economies to influence global trends and tackle pervasive and crosscutting issues. The G7 has strengthened international economic and security policies, advanced discussion of key global issues including climate change and gender equality, brought donors together and supported disarmament programs.

At the G7, Canada has advanced its key domestic and international priorities, including gender equality, peace and security, climate change and building a sustainable global economy. Transparent and inclusive engagement with Canadian and international stakeholders has helped Canada to deliver on priorities that are important to Canadians.

The role as host, also known as the G7 presidency, rotates annually among member countries in the following order: France, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada. The European Union is not part of the rotation.

Canada has hosted six G7 summits to date:

  • Charlevoix, Quebec (2018)
  • Muskoka, Ontario (2010)
  • Kananaskis, Alberta (2002)
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia (1995)
  • Toronto, Ontario (1988)
  • Ottawa-Montebello, Ontario-Quebec (1981)

Canada, during its G7 presidencies, has demonstrated global leadership by developing innovative initiatives to address global security and economic crises, and health and development challenges, while also inspiring progress on ambitious priorities such as cyber security, oceans, and women and girls’ education in crisis situations. The G7 amplifies Canadian efforts such as the historic G7 investment of nearly $3.8 billion in education for women and girls in crisis and conflict situations made during the 2018 Charlevoix G7 Summit.

Gender Equality Advisory Council

In its role as G7 president in 2018, Canada created the first G7 Gender Equality Advisory Council. The Council was mandated to promote a transformative G7 agenda, and to support leaders and ministers in ensuring that gender equality and gender-based analysis were integrated across all themes, activities and outcomes of Canada’s G7 presidency.

The Council carried out its mandate by advising the G7 and recommending concrete actions to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment across all areas of the G7’s work. Council members participated in each of the G7 ministerial meetings and in one Sherpa meeting, sharing their perspectives and recommendations with all G7 delegations.

United Kingdom’s 2021 G7 Presidency

The United Kingdom, during its 2021 presidency, will focus G7 efforts on:

  • Building back better from the COVID-19 pandemic by leading a global economic recovery and strengthening resilience against future pandemics
  • Promoting future prosperity by championing free and fair trade
  • Tackling climate change and preserving the planet’s biodiversity
  • Championing shared values

The 2021 G7 Summit will take place June 11 to 13 in Carbis Bay, Cornwall.

For more information, visit G7 UK.

History and Membership of G7

In 1976, Canada joined the leaders of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to discuss coordinated responses to global crises, and in 1977 the European Union was invited to attend. The G7 is not based on a treaty and has no permanent secretariat. The group’s presidency rotates annually among the seven member countries. It is the presidency’s prerogative to define a set of priorities, in consultation with other members, for the year ahead and that country is responsible for hosting and organizing the annual Leaders’ Summit. Leaders traditionally release a final statement or communiqué summarizing agreed initiatives and policy advancements.

A number of ministerial-level meetings may also take place during the year; the number and choice of ministerial meetings is the prerogative of the G7 presidency. Ministerial meetings are generally supported by a number of expert and working group meetings throughout the year, also as directed by the presidency, and may culminate in ministerial communiqués or joint plans of action.

In addition, arms-length, civil society-led bodies called the G7 engagement groups typically provide recommendations to the G7 on an annual basis. These groups of stakeholders often hold their own summits in the months leading up to the G7 Summit. These engagement groups include the Business 7 (B7), Civil Society 7 (C7), Labour 7 (L7), Science 7 (S7), Think Tank 7 (T7), Women 7 (W7) and Youth 7 (Y7).

G7 official documents

At the end of each ministerial meeting and the Leaders’ Summit, host countries publish an outcomes document. This document can be delivered as a communiqué, declaration or chair’s statement, and explains what was discussed at the meetings and what agreements were reached by G7 members.





Past official documents


G7 Summit documents

Final reports

Gender Equality Advisory Council

Engagement groups

G7 Ministerial Documents

G7 Public Engagement Papers


G7 Summit Documents

G7 Ministerial Documents


G7 Summit Documents

G7 Ministerial Documents


G7 Summit Documents

G7 Ministerial Documents

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