Canada and the G7
The G7 is an informal grouping of seven of the world’s advanced economies consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.
Since joining the G7 in 1976, Canada has further strengthened political and economic ties with the world’s most advanced economies and helped shape global progress on a broad range of issues.
In 2019, under France’s presidency, the G7 will focus on fighting inequalities, ensuring global stability and peace and working to give everyone the same opportunities in life.
As the 2018 G7 president, Canada put forward a progressive vision of a more equal, secure, sustainable and prosperous world—a vision that reflects Canadian values and ambitions.
The G7 is an informal grouping that brings together the world’s most advanced economies consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.
Statements and Declarations from previous meetings of the G7.
Overview of Canada and the G7
The G7 is a forum designed for frank and open discussion between leaders, ministers and policy-makers. As a member of the G7, Canada plays a leading role on the international stage and is able to promote and deliver on domestic and international priorities.
The G7 provides global leadership and plays a powerful catalyst role on issues that are later taken up by other forums with broader global and regional membership. The G7 brings together the world’s advanced economies to influence global trends and tackle pervasive and crosscutting issues. The G7 has strengthened international economic and security policy, mainstreamed climate change and gender equality, brought donors together and supported disarmament programs.
At the G7, Canada has advanced its key domestic and international priorities, including on gender equality, peace and security, climate change and building a sustainable global economy. Transparent and inclusive engagement with Canadian and international stakeholders has helped Canada to deliver on priorities that are important to Canadians at the G7.
The role as host, also known as the G7 presidency, rotates annually among member countries in the following order: France, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada. The European Union is not part of this hosting rotation.
Canada has hosted six G7 summits to date:
- Charlevoix, Quebec (2018)
- Muskoka, Ontario (2010)
- Kananaskis, Alberta (2002)
- Halifax, Nova Scotia (1995)
- Toronto, Ontario (1988)
- Ottawa-Montebello, Ontario-Quebec (1981)
During Canada’s G7 presidencies, Canada has demonstrated global leadership by developing innovative initiatives to address global security and economic crises, and health and development challenges, while also forging new and ambitious ground on priorities such as cyber security, oceans, and women and girls’ education in crisis situations. The G7 amplifies Canadian efforts such as the historic investment of nearly $3.8 billion in education for women and girls in crisis and conflict situations at the 2018 Charlevoix G7 Summit.
France’s 2019 G7 presidency
In 2019, as host of the G7, France will focus G7 efforts on fighting inequality. France has put forward five goals for its G7 presidency:
- Fighting inequality of opportunity, promoting in particular gender equality, access to education and high-quality health services
- Reducing environmental inequality by protecting our planet through climate finance and a fair ecological transition, preserving biodiversity and the oceans
- Promoting more fair and equitable trade, tax and development policies
- Taking action for peace, against security threats and terrorism, which weaken the foundations of our societies
- Tapping into the opportunities created by digital technology and artificial intelligence
The French G7 presidency will be advised by a Gender Equality Advisory Council, a new mechanism initiated by the Canadian presidency in 2018.
The 2019 G7 Summit will take place August 24 to 26 in Biarritz, France.
For more information, visit G7 France.
Canada’s 2018 G7 presidency
During its 2018 G7 presidency, Canada demonstrated global leadership, engaged G7 counterparts on pressing global challenges and advanced domestic and international priorities.
An important aspect of Canada’s presidency was the transparent and inclusive engagement with Canadian and international stakeholders. In addition to extensive in-person engagement sessions that took place across Canada, the G7 presidency reached out across multiple digital and social media channels to engage with Canadians throughout the year—and heard from thousands of stakeholders. Guided by this stakeholder engagement, Canada put forward an agenda that was relevant to Canadians and focused on global issues of interest to G7 partners. Canada welcomed the contribution to the 2018 presidency from seven engagement groups: Business 7 (B7), Civil Society 7 (C7), Labour 7 (L7), Science 7 (S7), Think Tank 7 (T7), Women 7 (W7) and Youth 7 (Y7).
On June 8 and 9, Canada hosted the G7 Leaders’ Summit in Charlevoix, Quebec—the highlight of the G7 calendar. G7 leaders held frank and constructive discussions on key global issues built around Canada’s themes:
- investing in growth that works for everyone
- preparing for jobs of the future
- advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment
- working together on climate change, oceans and clean energy
- building a more peaceful and secure world
At the Summit, Canada, the European Union, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the World Bank announced an investment of nearly $3.8 billion to support quality education for women and girls living in crisis and conflict-affected and fragile states. Canada announced $400 million toward the Charlevoix education initiative.
Canada welcomed leaders from Argentina, Bangladesh, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Marshall Islands, Norway, Rwanda (as chairperson of the African Union), Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa and fellow APEC member Vietnam, as well as the heads of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, for a special outreach session focused on how to build resilient coasts and communities, sustainable oceans and fisheries, and the problem of plastics in our oceans. After the session, Canada announced an investment of $100 million to rid our oceans of global marine litter and plastic pollution and $162 million to build stronger and more resilient coasts and communities in climate-vulnerable countries, including for small island developing states.
In addition to the Summit, Canada hosted four sets of G7 ministerial meetings, which aligned with the themes of Canada’s 2018 presidency:
- Employment and innovation ministers met under the theme of Preparing for Jobs of the Future.
- Foreign affairs and security ministers met under the theme of Building a More Peaceful and Secure World.
- Finance and development ministers met under the theme of Investing in Growth That Works for Everyone.
- Environment, oceans and energy ministers met under the theme of Working Together on Climate Change, Oceans and Clean Energy.
Canada integrated the fifth theme of Advancing Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment across all themes, activities and outcomes of Canada’s 2018 presidency.
Gender Equality Advisory Council
In its role as president, Canada created the Gender Equality Advisory Council for its G7 presidency in 2018. The Council was mandated to promote a transformative G7 agenda and support leaders and ministers in ensuring that gender equality and gender-based analysis were integrated across all themes, activities and outcomes of Canada’s G7 presidency.
The Council carried out its mandate by advising the G7 presidency and recommending concrete actions for the G7 to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment across all areas of the G7’s work. Council members participated in each of the G7 ministerial meetings and in one sherpa meeting, sharing their perspectives and recommendations with all G7 delegations.
On June 4, 2018, the Council launched its report, Make Gender Inequality History, proposing concrete recommendations for G7 action that call for:
- safe, healthy, educated, heard and empowered girls and women, supported with the resources and opportunities they need to be agents of change in their own lives and for a better world
- societies in which girls and women are equally represented in decision-making bodies and are free from harassment and violence
- economies that are prosperous, innovative, inclusive and more equitable
- a healthy and sustainable planet
- a world that is peaceful, just and secure
Recommendations from the Council to make gender inequality history
The Gender Equality Advisory Council for Canada’s G7 presidency conducted virtual meetings and online exchanges throughout the year.
The Council held its first in-person meeting on April 25 and 26, in Ottawa, to discuss how to promote a transformative G7 agenda and support leaders and ministers in ensuring that gender equality and gender-based analysis are integrated across all themes, activities and outcomes of Canada’s G7 presidency. The Council also discussed its preliminary recommendations with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. The Council met with several cabinet ministers, the Women 7 (W7) formal engagement group and a variety of stakeholders.
The Council held its second in-person meeting on June 8, in Québec, to further discuss the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in the G7 context. On June 9, the Council participated in an engagement session with G7 leaders at the Charlevoix Summit.
Council’s final report and recommendations for future G7 presidencies
The Council’s final report, submitted to Canada’s G7 presidency in December 2018, provides an outline of progress made on gender equality under the Canadian presidency. It includes an assessment of past G7 commitments and offers recommendations for future G7 presidencies.
The report attests to considerable progress under Canada’s leadership, including the creation of the Gender Equality Advisory Council, the release of the Council’s Make Gender Inequality History report, a marked increase in the inclusion of gender equality issues and voices in G7 meetings and processes, and strengthened gender equality commitments across G7 outcomes.
In 2018 more G7 outcome documents and reports integrate or explicitly address gender equality than ever before: 81% compared to an average of 46% over the past five years. Together with the substantial financial commitment at Charlevoix to quality education for girls, adolescent girls and women in crisis and conflict situations, support for gender equality and women’s empowerment will stand as a central part of Canada’s 2018 G7 legacy.
The Council’s final report identifies gender equality gaps for future action by the G7 and offers recommendations for future G7 presidencies.
History and membership of G7
In 1976, Canada joined the leaders of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to discuss coordinated responses to global crises, and in 1977 the European Union was invited to attend. The G7 is not based on a treaty and has no permanent secretariat. The group’s presidency rotates annually among the seven member countries. It is the presidency’s prerogative to define a set of priorities, in consultation with other members, for the year ahead and is responsible for hosting and organizing the leaders’ summit. Leaders traditionally release a final statement or communiqué summarizing agreed initiatives and policy advancements.
A number of ministerial-level meetings may also take place during the year. Ministerial meetings are generally supported by a number of expert and working group meetings throughout the year, as directed by the presidency, and may culminate in ministerial communiqués or joint plans of action. Arms-length, civil society-led bodies called the G7 engagement groups typically provide recommendations for the G7 on an annual basis. These groups of stakeholders often hold their own summits in the months leading up to the G7 Summit. In 2018, the Business 7 (B7), Civil Society 7 (C7), Labour 7 (L7), Science 7 (S7), Think Tank 7 (T7), Women 7 (W7) and Youth 7 (Y7) each held summits.
G7 official documents
At the end of each ministerial meeting and the Leaders’ Summit, host countries publish an outcomes document. This document can be delivered as a communiqué, declaration, or chair’s statement. This document explains what was discussed at the meetings and what agreements were reached by G7 members.
G7 Ministerial Documents
- April 6, 2019 – G7 Foreign Ministers’ communiqué
- April 6, 2019 (Dinard) – G7 Dinard Declaration on women, peace and security
- April 6, 2019 (Dinard) – G7 Dinard Declaration on the Partnership for a Comprehensive and Sustainable Strategy to Combat Illicit Trafficking in the Sahel Region
- April 6, 2019 (Dinard) – G7 Dinard Declaration on the Cyber Norm Initiative
- April 5, 2019 (Dinard) – G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on the situation in the West of Libya
Past G7 official documents
2018 official documents
G7 Summit documents
- June 9, 2018 - The Charlevoix G7 Summit Communique
- Charlevoix Commitment on Equality and Economic Growth
- Charlevoix Commitment on Innovative Financing for Development
- Charlevoix Common Vision for the Future of Artificial Intelligence
- Charlevoix Declaration on Quality Education for Girls, Adolescent Girls and Women in Developing Countries
- Charlevoix Commitment to End Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, Abuse and Harassment in Digital Contexts
- Charlevoix Commitment on Defending Democracy from Foreign Threats
- Charlevoix Blueprint for Healthy Oceans, Seas and Resilient Coastal Communities
- June 7, 2018 - Achieving growth that works for everyone
- September 12-13, 2018 (Ottawa) - G7 Food Security Working Group (FSWG) Financial Report
- September 12-13, 2018 (Ottawa) - G7 Food Security Working Group (FSWG) Chair’s summary
- July 2018 - G7 Africa directors group: Chair’s Statement
- June 2018 - Deauville Partnership Senior Officials’ Meeting
- May 2018 - Report of the Nuclear Safety and Security Group
Gender Equality Advisory Council
- Women 7 (W7) Communique:
- April 24-27, 2018 (Ottawa) - Feminist visions for the G7 (PDF)
- Science 7 (S7) Recommendations:
- May 23-24, 2018 (Montreal) - G7 Academies Statement on Sustaining the Global Arctic (PDF)
- April 26, 2018 (Ottawa) - G7 Academies Statement on Our Digital Future (PDF)
- Youth 7 (Y7) Recommendations:
- April 16-18, 2018 (Ottawa) - Youth 7 Call to Action (PDF)
- Business 7 (B7):
- April 5-6, 2018 (Québec City) - Final Declaration (PDF)
- Labour 7 (L7) Recommendations:
- April 4-5, 2018 (Ottawa) - L7 Key Demands for the Canadian G7 Presidency
- Think 7 (T7) Recommendations:
- May 21-23, 2018 (Québec City) - The Think7 Quebec Declaration on Global Governance and the Challenges of Complexity and Inclusiveness (PDF)
G7 Ministerial Documents
- September 19-21, 2018 (Halifax) - Chairs’ Summary: G7 Joint Ministerial Session on Healthy Oceans, Seas and Resilient Communities
- September 19-21, 2018 (Halifax) - G7 Innovation Challenge to Address Marine Plastic Litter
- September 19-21, 2018 (Halifax) - G7 Initiative on Earth Observation and Integrated Coastal Zone Management
- September 19-21, 2018 (Halifax) - Chair’s Summary: G7 Environment Ministers’ Meeting
- September 19-21, 2018 (Halifax) - Chair’s Summary: G7 Energy Ministers’ Meeting
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - Co-Chairs’ Summary: G7 Joint Development and Finance Ministers
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - Chair’s Summary: G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors’ Meeting
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - Chair’s Summary: G7 Development Ministers’ Meeting
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - The Whistler Principles to Accelerate Innovation for Development Impact
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - The Whistler Declaration on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women and Girls in Humanitarian Action
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - The Whistler Declaration on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in International Assistance
- May 31-June 2, 2018 (Whistler) - The Whistler Declaration on Unlocking the Power of Adolescent Girls for Sustainable Development
- April 22-24, 2018 (Toronto) - Joint Statement of Foreign and Security Ministers
- April 22-24, 2018 (Toronto) - G7 foreign ministers communiqué
- April 22-24, 2018 (Toronto) - Chair’s statement: security ministers’ meeting
- March 27-28, 2018 (Montreal) - Chairs’ summary: G7 ministerial meeting on Preparing for jobs of the future
G7 Public Engagement Papers
2017 official documents
G7 Summit Documents
- May 27, 2017 (Taormina) - G7 Taormina Leaders' Communique (PDF)
- May 27, 2017 (Taormina) - G7 People-Centered Action Plan on Innovation, Skills and Labor (PDF)
- May 27, 2017 (Taormina) - G7 Roadmap for a Gender-Responsive Economic Environment (PDF)
- May 26, 2017 (Taormina) - G7 Taormina Statement on the Fight Against Terrorism and Violent Extremism (PDF)
G7 Ministerial Documents
- November 15-16, 2017 (Taormina) - G7 Ministerial Meeting on Gender Equality (PDF)
- November 5-6, 2017 (Milan) - G7 Milan Health Ministers’ Communique (PDF)
- October 20, 2017 (Ischia) - Joint Press Release on countering the terrorist threat on the Internet following the G7 Interior Ministers’ meeting (PDF)
- October 19-20, 2017 (Ischia) - G7 Interior Ministers Joint Communique(PDF)
- October 14-15, 2017 (Bergamo) - G7 Bergamo Agriculture Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué(PDF)
- October 12, 2017 (Washington) - G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Press Release (PDF)
- October 12, 2017 (Washington) - G7 Fundamental Elements for Effective Assessment of Cybersecurity in the Financial Sector (PDF)
- September 29-30, 2017 (Turin) - G7 Labour and Employment Ministers Declaration (PDF)
- September 27-28, 2017 (Turin) - G7 Science Ministers Meeting – Science Communiqué(PDF)
- September 25-26, 2017 (Turin) - G7 Industry/ICT Ministers Meeting – Final Declaration(PDF)
- June 21-22, 2017 (Cagliari) - G7 Transport & Infrastructure Ministers Declaration (PDF)
- June 11-12, 2017 (Bologna) - G7 Environment Ministers Communique (PDF)
- April 11, 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Statement on Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PDF)
- April 11, 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Declaration on Responsible States Behaviour in Cyberspace (PDF)
- April 10-11, 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Joint Communique (PDF)
- April 9-10, 2017 (Rome) - G7 Energy Ministerial Meeting Chair’s Summary (PDF)
- March 31, 2017 (Florence) - G7 Culture Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
2016 official documents
G7 Summit Documents
- May 27, 2016 - G7 Ise-Shima Leaders' Declaration(PDF)
- Annex - G7 Action to Fight Corruption (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Principles and Actions on Cyber (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Ise-Shima Vision for Global Health (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Ise-Shima Principles for Promoting Quality Infrastructure Investment (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Action Plan on Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Guiding Principles for Capacity Building of Women and Girls: Towards Sustainable, Inclusive and Equitable Growth and Peace (PDF)
- May 16, 2016 - Ise-Shima Progress Report Summary (PDF)
- May 16, 2016 - Ise-Shima Progress Report (PDF)
G7 Ministerial Documents
- September 20, 2016 (New York) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on Recent Developments in Asia (PDF)
- September 20, 2016 (New York) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism (PDF)
- May 15-17, 2016 (Tsukuba) - Communique from G7 Science and Technology Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- May 15-16, 2016 (Toyama) - Communique from G7 Environment Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- May 14-15, 2016 (Kurashiki) - Declaration from G7 Education Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- May 1-2, 2016 (Kitakyushu) - Declaration from G7 Energy Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- April 29-30, 2016 (Takamatsu) - Declaration from G7 Information and Communications Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- April 23-24, 2016 (Niigata) - Declaration from G7 Agriculture Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- April 11, 2016 (Hiroshima) - G7 Foreign Ministers' Hiroshima Declaration on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (PDF)
- April 11, 2016 (Hiroshima) - G7 Foreign Ministers' Meeting - Joint Communiqué (PDF)
- April 11, 2016 (Hiroshima) - G7 Foreign Ministers' Statement on Maritime Security
- April 11, 2016 (Hiroshima) - G7 Statement on Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PDF)
2015 official documents
G7 Summit Documents
- June 8, 2015 - Leaders’ G7 Declaration (PDF)
- June 8, 2015 - Annex - G7 Declaration (PDF)
- May 22, 2015 - G7 Elmau Progress Report: Biodiversity - A Vital Foundation for Sustainable Development (PDF)
- May 22, 2015 - Executive Summary
- April 15, 2015 - G7 Statement on Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, Lübeck (PDF)
- February 13, 2015 - G7 Leaders Statement on Ukraine
G7 Ministerial Documents
- October 12-13, 2015 (Berlin) - G7 Labour and Development Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
- September 8-9, 2015 (Berlin) - G7 Science Ministers’ Statement
- September 8-9, 2015 (Berlin) - G7 Health Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
- May 11-12, 2015 (Hamburg) - Communiqué from G7 Energy Ministers Meeting, Hamburg (PDF)
- April 15, 2015 (Lübeck) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué, Lübeck
- April 15, 2015 (Lübeck) - Beyond Ebola: a G7 agenda to help prevent future crises and enhance security in Africa, Lübeck
- April 15, 2015 (Lübeck) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Declaration on Maritime Security, Lübeck
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