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A Guide to Canada's Export Control List

PDF Version (3.43 MB)

December 2020 version

Page 1 of 2 - Groups 1 and 2

Introduction

The issuance of export permits under the Export and Import Permits Act (EIPA)  is administered by the Trade and Export Controls Bureau of  Global Affairs Canada. To assist exporters, the Trade and Export Controls Bureau publishes on its website important information, such as the Export Controls Handbook, Export Controls Online (EXCOL), Notices to Exporters, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), Commodity Codes, and the contact information for the divisions in the Trade and Expport Controls Bureau administering export controls for specific items.

For information on how to apply for an export permit and additional information on export controls, please refer to our websiteExport and Import Controls.

For detailed information on export controls, please refer to the Export Controls Handbook:

The main reference tool to assist exporters with questions about the administration of Canada's export controls (except export of logs).  The handbook includes how to obtain the necessary permits for the export or transfer of controlled items and how to comply with the requirements of the Export and Import Permits Act and its related regulations.

To enquire on the status of an export permit application:

Recognized EXCOL users can check the status of an export permit application on-line. Non-recognized users can obtain, from the Export and Import Controls website, the contact information for the appropriate division responsible for administering the specific control and request a status by providing their export permit application identification (ref ID) number.

Export Control List

The Regulation establishing Canada’s Export Control List (ECL) can be found at the Department of Justice website.

Regulatory amendments to the ECL that occur after the publication date of this Guide are published in the Canada Gazette, are available on our the Export and Import Controls website and, upon coming into force, are available on the Department of Justice website.  It is the individual’s responsibility to conduct the due diligence required to confirm whether any intervening regulatory changes are applicable to their export or transfer.

This Guide, at time of publication, encompasses the list of items enumerated on the ECL that are controlled for export in accordance with section 3 of the (EIPA). The EIPA can be found at the Department of Justice website.

The Guide includes military, dual-use, and strategic goods and technology and all United States-origin goods and technology that are controlled pursuant to Canada’s commitments made in multilateral export control regimes, bilateral agreements, as well as certain unilateral controls.

The Guide also includes forest products (logs, softwood lumber) agricultural and food products (peanut butter, sugar and sugar-containing products, processed foods, dogs and cat food) apparel goods and vehicles that are controlled for economic reasons or further to Canada’s international trade agreements.

Unless otherwise specified, the export controls for military, dual-use and strategic items contained in this Guide apply to all destinations except the United States.

The most recent versions of each multilateral export control regime’s control lists included in the ECL are:

Export Control RegimesLatest Controls Incorporated into ECL
  • Wassenaar Arrangement
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group
  • Missile Technology Control Regime
  • Australia Group
  • December 2019
  • November 2019
  • December 2019
  • February 2020

Table of Contents

Group 1 - Dual-Use List

Group 2 - Munitions List

Group 3 - Nuclear Non-Proliferation List

Group 4 - Nuclear-Related Dual-Use List

Group 5 - Miscellaneous Goods and Technology

Group 6 - Missile Technology Control Regime List

Group 7 - Chemical and Biological Weapons Non-Proliferation List

Group 8 - Repealed - January 2006 (SOR/DORS/2006-16)

Group 9 - Arms trade treaty

Index

Group 1 - Dual-Use List

Note 1:

Terms in "quotations" are defined terms. Refer to 'Definitions of Terms used in these Lists' annexed to this List, at the end of Group 2. References to the "Dual-Use List" and "Munitions Lists" within Groups 1 and 2 refer to the "Group 1 - Dual-Use List" and the "Group 2 - Munitions List" respectively.

Note 2:

In some instances chemicals are listed by name and CAS number. The list applies to chemicals of the same structural formula (including hydrates) regardless of name or CAS number. CAS numbers are shown to assist in identifying a particular chemical or mixture, irrespective of nomenclature. CAS numbers cannot be used as unique identifiers because some forms of the listed chemical have different CAS numbers and mixtures containing a listed chemical may also have different CAS numbers.

General Technology Note:

The export of "technology" which is "required" for the "development", "production" or "use" of items controlled in the Dual-Use List is controlled according to the provisions in each Category. This "technology" remains under control even when applicable to any uncontrolled item.

Controls do not apply to that "technology" which is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance (checking) or repair of those items which are not controlled or whose export has been authorised.

Note:

This does not release such "technology" controlled in entries 1-1.E.2.e. and 1-1.E.2.f . and 1-8.E.2.a. and 1-8.E.2.b.

Controls do not apply to "technology" in the "public domain", to "basic scientific research" or to the minimum necessary information for patent applications.

General Software Note:

The Lists do not control "software" which is any of the following:

General “Information Security” Note

“Information security” items or functions should be considered against the provisions in Category 5 - Part 2, even if they are components, “software” or functions of other items.

Category 1: Special Materials And Related Equipment

1-1.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

1-1.A.1. Components made from fluorinated compounds, as follows:

1-1.A.2. “Composite” structures or laminates, as follows:

Note 1:
1-1.A.2. does not apply to composite structures or laminates, made from epoxy resin impregnated carbon "fibrous or filamentary materials", for the repair of “civil aircraft” structures or laminates, having all of the following:

Note 2:
1-1.A.2. does not apply to semi-finished items, specially designed for purely civilian applications as follows:

Note 3:
1-1.A.2.b.1. does not apply to semi-finished items containing a maximum of two dimensions of interwoven filaments and specially designed for applications as follows:

Note 4:
1-1.A.2 does not control finished products specially designed for a specific application.

Note 5:
1-1.A.2.b.1. does not apply to mechanically chopped, milled, or cut carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” 25.0 mm or less in length.

1-1.A.3. Manufactures of non-“fusible” aromatic polyimides in film, sheet, tape or ribbon form having any of the following:

Note:
1-1.A.3. does not apply to manufactures when coated or laminated with copper and designed for the production of electronic printed circuit boards.

N.B.:
For “fusible” aromatic polyimides in any form, see 1-1.C.8.a.3.

1-1.A.4. Protective and detection equipment and components, not specially designed for military use, as follows:

Note:
1-1.A.4. does not apply to:

Technical Notes:

1-1.A.5. Body armour and components therefor as follows:

N.B. 1:
For "fibrous or filamentary materials" used in the manufacture of body armour, see entry 1- 1.C.10.

N.B. 2:
For body armour manufactured to military standards or specifications, see entry 2-13.d.

Note 1:
1-1.A.5. does not apply to body armour when accompanying its user for the user's own personal protection.

Note 2:
1-1.A.5. does not apply to body armour designed to provide frontal protection only from both fragment and blast from non-military explosive devices.

Note 3:
1-1.A.5. does not apply to body armour designed to provide protection only from knife, spike, needle or blunt trauma.

1-1.A.6. Equipment, specially designed or modified for the disposal of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), as follows, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

N.B.:
For equipment specially designed for military use for the disposal of IEDs, see also 2-4.

Note:
1-1.A.6. does not apply to equipment when accompanying its operator.

1-1.A.7. Equipment and devices, specially designed to initiate charges and devices containing "energetic materials", by electrical means, as follows:

Technical Notes:

N.B.:
For equipment and devices specially designed for military use see the Munitions List.

1-1.A.8. Charges, devices and components, as follows:

Note:
The only charges and devices specified in 1-1.A.8. are those containing "explosives" listed in the Annex to Category 1 and mixtures thereof .

Technical Note:
‘Shaped charges’ are explosive charges shaped to focus the effects of the explosive blast.

1-1.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-1.B.1. Equipment for the production or inspection of “composite” structures or laminates specified by 1-1.A.2. or “fibrous or filamentary materials” specified by 1-1.C.10., as follows, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

Technical Notes:

1-1.B.2. Equipment designed to produce metal alloy powder or particulate materials, and having all of the following:

1-1.B.3. Tools, dies, moulds or fixtures, for “superplastic forming” or “diffusion bonding” titanium, aluminium or their alloys, specially designed for the manufacture of any of the following:

1-1.C. Materials

Technical Note:

Metals and alloys

Unless provision to the contrary is made, the words' metals' and' alloys' cover crude and semi-fabricated forms, as follows:

Crude forms

Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets, blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains, granules, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondelles, shot, slabs, slugs, sponge, sticks;

Semi-fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or punched)

The object of the control should not be defeated by the export of non-listed forms alleged to be finished products but representing in reality crude forms or semi-fabricated forms.

1-1.C.1. Materials specially designed for absorbing electromagnetic radiation, or intrinsically conductive polymers, as follows:

1-1.C.2. Metal alloys, metal alloy powder and alloyed materials, as follows:

Note:

1-1.C.2. does not apply to metal alloys, metal alloy powder and alloyed materials, specially formulated for coating purposes.

Technical Notes:

1-1.C.3. Magnetic metals, of all types and of whatever form, having any of the following:

1-1.C.4. Uranium titanium alloys or tungsten alloys with a "matrix" based on iron, nickel or copper, having all of the following:

1-1.C.5. “Superconductive”“composite” conductors in lengths exceeding 100 m or with a mass exceeding 100 g, as follows:

Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1-1.C.5., ‘filaments’ may be in wire, cylinder, film, tape or ribbon form.

1-1.C.6. Fluids and lubricating materials, as follows:

1-1.C.7. Ceramic powders, ceramic-“matrix” “composite” materials and ‘precursor materials’, as follows:

1-1.C.8. Non-fluorinated polymeric substances as follows:

Technical Notes:
1. The ‘glass transition temperature (Tg)’ for 1-1.C.8.a.2. thermoplastic materials, 1-1.C.8.a.4. materials and 1-1.C.8.f. materials is determined using the method described in ISO 11357-2 (1999) or national equivalents.

2. The ‘glass transition temperature (Tg)’ for 1-1.C.8.a.2. thermosetting materials and 1-1.C.8.a.3. materials is determined using the 3-point bend method described in ASTM D 7028-07 or equivalent national standard. The test is to be performed using a dry test specimen which has attained a minimum of 90% degree of cure as specified by ASTM E 2160-04 or equivalent national standard, and was cured using the combination of standard- and post-cure processes that yield the highest Tg.

1-1.C.9. Unprocessed fluorinated compounds as follows:

1-1.C.10. "Fibrous or filamentary materials" as follows:

Technical Note:
1. For the purpose of calculating “specific tensile strength”, “specific modulus” or specific weight of “fibrous or filamentary materials” in1-1.C.10.a.,1-1.C.10.b.,1-1.C.10.c. or 1-1.C.10.e.1.b., the tensile strength and modulus should be determined by using Method A described in ISO 10618 (2004) or national equivalents.

2. Assessing the “specific tensile strength”, “specific modulus” or specific weight of non-unidirectional “fibrous or filamentary materials” (e.g., fabrics, random mats or braids) in 1-1.C.10.is to be based on the mechanical properties of the constituent unidirectional monofilaments (e.g., monofilaments, yarns, rovings or tows) prior to processing into the non-unidirectional “fibrous or filamentary materials”.

  1. Organic “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
    • 1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 12.7 x 106 m; and
    • 2. “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 23.5 x 104 m;

      Note:
      1-1.C.10.a. does not apply to polyethylene.


  2. Carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
    • 1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 14.65 x 106 m; and
    • 2. “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 26.82 x 104 m;

      Note:
      1-1.C.10.b. does not apply to:
      • “Fibrous or filamentary materials”, for the repair of “civil aircraft ” structures or laminates, having all of the following:
        • 1. An area not exceeding 1 m2;
        • 2. A length not exceeding 2.5 m; and
        • 3. A width exceeding 15 mm.
      • Mechanically chopped, milled or cut carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials" 25.0 mm or less in length.
  3. Inorganic “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
    • 1.  Having any of the following:
      • Composed of 50% or more by weight silicon dioxide and having a “specific modulus” exceeding 2.54 x 106 m; or
      • Not specified in 1-1.C.10.c.1.a. and having a “specific modulus” exceeding 5.6 x 106 m; and
    • 2.  Melting, softening, decomposition or sublimation point exceeding 1,922 K (1,649° C) in an inert environment;
      Note:
      1-1.C.10.c. does not apply to:
      • Discontinuous, multiphase, polycrystalline alumina fibres in chopped fibre or random mat form, containing 3% by weight or more silica, with a “specific modulus” of less than 10 x 106 m;
      • Molybdenum and molybdenum alloy fibres;
      • Boron fibres;
      • Discontinuous ceramic fibres with a melting, softening, decomposition or sublimation point lower than 2,043 K (1,770° C) in an inert environment.
  4. “Fibrous or filamentary materials”, having any of the following:
    • 1. Composed of any of the following:
      • Polyetherimides specified by 1-1.C.8.a.; or
      • Materials specified by 1-1.C.8.d. to 1-1.C.8.f.; or
    • 2. Composed of materials specified by 1-1.C.10.d.1.a. or 1-1.C.10.d.1.b. and ‘commingled’ with other fibres specified by 1-1.C.10.a., 1-1.C.10.b. or 1-1.C.10.c.;

      Technical Note:
      ‘Commingled’ is filament to filament blending of thermoplastic fibres and reinforcement fibres in order to produce a fibre reinforcement “matrix” mix in total fibre form.

  5. Fully or partially resin-impregnated or pitch-impregnated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (prepregs), metal or carbon-coated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (preforms) or ‘carbon fibre preforms’, having all of the following:
    • 1. Having any of the following:
      • Inorganic “fibrous or filamentary materials” specified by 1-1.C.10.c.; or
      • Organic or carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
        • 1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 10.15 x 106 m; and
        • 2. “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 17.7 x 104 m; and
    • 2. Having any of the following:
      • Resin or pitch, specified by 1-1.C.8. or 1-1.C.9.b.;
      • ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ equal to or exceeding 453 K (180° C) and having a phenolic resin; or
      • ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ equal to or exceeding 505 K (232° C) and having a resin or pitch, not specified by 1-1.C.8. or 1-1.C.9.b., and not being a phenolic resin;

Note 1:
Metal or carbon-coated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (preforms) or ‘carbon fibre preforms’, not impregnated with resin or pitch, are specified by "fibrous or filamentary materials" in 1-1.C.10.a., 1-1.C.10.b. or 1-1.C.10.c.

Note 2:
1-1.C.10.e. does not apply to:

Technical Notes:
1. ‘Carbon fibre preforms’ are an ordered arrangement of uncoated or coated fibres intended to constitute a framework of a part before the “matrix” is introduced to form a “composite”.
2. The ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ for materials specified by 1-1.C.10.e. is determined using the method described in ASTM D 7028-07, or equivalent national standard, on a dry test specimen. In the case of thermoset materials, degree of cure of a dry test specimen shall be a minimum of 90% as defined by ASTM E 2160-04 or equivalent national standard.

1-1.C.11. Metals and compounds, as follows:

N.B.:
See 2-8.c.5.b. for metal powders mixed with other substances to form a mixture formulated for military purposes.

1-1.C.12. Materials as follows:

Technical Note:
These materials are typically used for nuclear heat sources.

1-1.D. Software

1-1.D.1. “Software" specially designed or modified for the “development",“production" or "use" of equipment specified by 1-1.B

1-1.D.2. “Software" for the "development" of organic "matrix", metal “matrix" or carbon “ matrix" laminates or “composites".

1-1.D.3. "Software" specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment specified by 1-1.A.4.c. or 1-1.A.4.d.

1-1.E. Technology

1-1.E.1. “Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development" or “production ” of equipment or materials specified by 1-1.A.2. to 1-1.A.5., 1-1.A.6.b., 1-1.A.7., 1-1.B. or 1-1.C.

1-1.E.2. Other “technology” as follows:

List -"Explosives"

Category 2: Materials Processing

1-2.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

N.B.:
For quiet running bearings, see 2-9. on the Munitions List.

1-2.A.1. Anti-friction bearings, bearing systems, and components, as follows:

1-2.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

Technical Notes:

1-2.B.1. Machine tools and any combination thereof, for removing (or cutting) metals, ceramics or “composites”, which, according to the manufacturer’s technical specification, can be equipped with electronic devices for “numerical control”, as follows:

Note 1:
1-2.B.1. does not apply to special purpose machine tools limited to the manufacture of gears. For such machines, see 1-2.B.3.

Note 2:
1-2.B.1. does not apply to special purpose machine tools limited to the manufacture of any of the following:

Note 3:
A machine tool having at least two of the three turning, milling or grinding capabilities (e.g., a turning machine with milling capability), must be evaluated against each applicable entry 1-2.B.1.a., 1-2.B.1.b. or 1-2.B.1.c.

Note 4:
A machine tool having an additive manufacturing capability in addition to a turning, milling or grinding capability must be evaluated against each applicable entry 1-2.B.1.a., b. or c.

N.B.:
For optical finishing machines, see 1-2.B.2.

1-2.B.2. Numerically controlled optical finishing machine tools equipped for selective material removal to produce non-spherical optical surfaces having all of the following characteristics:

Technical Notes:
For the purposes of 1-2.B.2.:

1-2.B.3.   “Numerically controlled” machine tools , specially designed for the shaving, finishing, grinding or honing of hardened (Rc = 40 or more) spur, helical and double-helical gears having all of the following:

1-2.B.4. Hot "isostatic presses" having all of the following, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

Technical Note:
The inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the working temperature and the working pressure are achieved and does not include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated furnace chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located inside the other.

N.B.:
For specially designed dies, moulds and tooling see 1-1.B.3., 1-9.B.9. and 2-18. of the Munitions List.

1-2.B.5. Equipment specially designed for the deposition, processing and in-process control of inorganic overlays, coatings and surface modifications, as follows, for substrates specified in column 2, by processes shown in column 1 in the following 1-2.E.3.f., and specially designed automated handling, positioning, manipulation and control components therefor:

1-2.B.6. Dimensional inspection or measuring systems, equipment, position feedback units and “electronic assemblies”, as follows:

1-2.B.7. "Robots" having any of the following characteristics and specially designed controllers and "end-effectors" therefor:

1-2.B.8. ‘Compound rotary tables’ and “tilting spindles”, specially designed for machine tools, as follows:

1-2.B.9. Spin-forming machines and flow-forming machines, which, according to the manufacturer's technical specification, can be equipped with "numerical control" units or a computer control and having all of the following:

Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1-2.B.9., machines combining the function of spin-forming and flow-forming are regarded as flow-forming machines.

1-2.C. Materials

None

1-2.D. Software

1-2.D.1. "Software", other than that specified by 1-2.D.2., as follows:

1-2.D.2. "Software" for electronic devices, even when residing in an electronic device or system, enabling such devices or systems to function as a "numerical control" unit, capable of co-ordinating simultaneously more than 4 axes for "contouring control".

Note 1:
1-2.D.2. does not apply to “software” specially designed or modified for the operation of items not specified by Category 2.

Note 2:
1-2.D.2. does not apply to "software" for items specified by 1-2.B.2. See 1-2.D.1. and 1-2.D.3. for "software" for items specified by 1-2.B.2.

Note 3:
1-2.D.2. does not apply to “software” that is exported with, and the minimum necessary for the operation of, items not specified by Category 2.

1-2.D.3 “Software”, designed or modified for the operation of equipment specified by 1 2.B.2., that converts optical design, workpiece measurements and material removal functions into “numerical control” commands to achieve the desired workpiece form.

1-2.E. Technology

1-2.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" of equipment or "software" specified by 1-2.A., 1-2.B. or 1-2.D.

Note:
1-2.E.1. includes “technology” for the integration of probe systems into coordinate measurement machines specified by 1-2.B.6.a.

1-2.E.2. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "production" of equipment specified by 1-2.A. or 1-2.B.

1-2.E.3. Other "technology", as follows:

N.B.:
This Table should be read to specify the "technology" for a particular 'Coating Process' only when the Resultant Coating in column 3 is in a paragraph directly across from the relevant 'Substrate' under column 2. For example, Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) 'coating process' technical data are included for the application of 'silicides' to Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal "matrix""composites" substrates, but are not included for the application of 'silicides' to 'Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18)' substrates. In the second case, the resultant coating is not listed in the paragraph under column 3 directly across from the paragraph under column 2 listing 'Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18)'.

Table - Deposition Techniques
Coating Process (1)Footnote *SubstrateResultant Coating
A. Chemical Vapour
Deposition (CVD)
"Superalloys"

Aluminides for internal
passages
Ceramics (19) and Low-expansion glasses (14)Silicides
Carbides
Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Silicides
Carbides
Refractory metals
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)
Aluminides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide
(16)
Silicon carbide (18)
Carbides
Tungsten
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and
Molybdenum alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium
alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Sensor window materials (9)Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond
Diamond-like carbon (17)
B. Thermal-Evaporation Physical Vapour Deposition (TE-PVD)

B.1. Physical Vapour
Deposition (PVD):
Electron-Beam (EB-PVD)
"Superalloys"Alloyed silicides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Silicides
Aluminides
Mixtures thereof (4)
Ceramics (19) and
Low-expansion glasses (14)
Dielectric layers (15)
Corrosion resistant steel (7)MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Mixtures thereof (4)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Silicides
Carbides
Refractory metals
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)
Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide (16)
Silicon carbide (18)
Carbides
Tungsten
Mixtures thereof (4)
Molybdenum and
Molybdenum alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloysDielectric layers (15)
Borides
Beryllium
Sensor window materials (9)Dielectric layers (15)
Titanium alloys (13)Borides
Nitrides
B.2. Ion assisted resistive
heating Physical Vapour
Deposition (PVD)
(Ion Plating)
Ceramics (19) and
Low-expansion glasses (14)
Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Dielectric layers (15)
Cemented tungsten carbide
(16)
Silicon carbide
Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and
Molybdenum alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium
alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Sensor window materials (9)Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon (17)
B.3. Physical Vapour
Deposition (PVD):
Ceramics (19) and
Low-expansion glasses (14)
Silicides
Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Dielectric layers (15)
Cemented tungsten carbide
(16)
Silicon carbide
Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and
Molybdenum alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloysDielectric layers (15)
Sensor window materials (9)Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon
B.4. Physical Vapour
Deposition (PVD):
Cathodic Arc Discharge
"Superalloys"Alloyed silicides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
MCrAlX (5)
Polymers (11) and Organic
"matrix" "composites"
Borides
Carbides
Nitrides
Diamond-like carbon (17)
C. Pack cementation (see A
above for out-of-pack
cementation) (10)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Silicides
Carbides
Mixtures thereof (4)
Titanium alloys (13)Silicides
Aluminides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Refractory metals and
alloys (8)
Silicides
Oxides
D. Plasma spraying"Superalloys"MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Mixtures thereof (4)
Abradable Nickel-Graphite
Abradable materials
containing Ni-Cr-Al
Abradable Al-Si-Polyester
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Aluminium alloys (6)MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Silicides
Mixtures thereof (4)
Refractory metals and
alloys (8)
Aluminides
Silicides
Carbides
Corrosion resistant steel (7)MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Mixtures thereof (4)
Titanium alloys (13)Carbides
Aluminides
Silicides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Abradable Nickel-Graphite
Abradable materials
containing Ni-Cr-Al
Abradable Al-Si-Polyester
E. Slurry DepositionRefractory metals and
alloys (8)
Fused silicides
Fused aluminides except for
resistance heating elements
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Silicides
Carbides
Mixtures thereof (4)
F. Sputter Deposition"Superalloys"Alloyed silicides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Noble metal modified
aluminides (3)
MCrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12)
Platinum
Mixtures thereof (4)
Ceramics (19) and
Low-expansion glasses (14)
Silicides
Platinum
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectic layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Titanium alloys (13)Borides
Nitrides
Oxides
Silicides
Aluminides
Alloyed aluminides (2)
Carbides
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and
Metal "matrix" "composites"
Silicides
Carbides
Refractory metals
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)
Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide (16)
Silicon carbide (18)
Carbides
Tungsten
Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)
Boron nitride
Molybdenum and
Molybdenum alloys
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium
alloys
Borides
Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium
Sensor window materials (9)Dielectric layers (15)
Diamond-like carbon (17)
Refractory metals and
alloys (8)
Aluminides
Silicides
Oxides
Carbides
G. Ion ImplantationHigh temperature bearing
steels
Additions of Chromium
Tantalum or Niobium
(Columbium)
Titanium alloys (13)Borides
Nitrides
Beryllium and Beryllium
alloys
Borides
Cemented tungsten carbide
(16)
Carbides
Nitrides

Return to footnote * referrer The numbers in parenthesis refer to the Notes following this Table.

Table - Deposition Techniques - Notes

Table - Deposition Techniques - Technical Note

Processes specified in Column 1 of the Table are defined as follows:

Table - Deposition Techniques - Statement of Understanding

It is understood that the following technical information, accompanying the table of deposition techniques, is for use as appropriate.

Category 3: Electronics

1-3.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

Note 1:
The status of equipment and components described in 1-3.A., other than those described in 1-3.A.1.a.3. to 1-3.A.1.a.10., or 1-3.A.1.a.12. to 1-3.A.1.a.14., which are specially designed for or which have the same functional characteristics as other equipment is determined by the status of the other equipment.

Note 2:
The status of integrated circuits described in 1-3.A.1.a.3. to 1-3.A.1.a.9., or 1-3.A.1.a.12. to 1-3.A.1.a.14., which are unalterably programmed or designed for a specific function for another equipment is determined by the status of the other equipment.

N.B.:
When the manufacturer or applicant cannot determine the status of the other equipment, the status of the integrated circuits is determined in 1-3.A.1.a.3. to 1-3.A.1.a.9., and 1-3.A.1.a.12.to 1-3.A.1.a.14.

Note 3:
The status of wafers (finished or unfinished), in which the function has been determined, is to be evaluated against the parameters of 1-3.A.1.a., 1-3.A.1.b., 1-3.a.1.d., 1-3.A.1.e.4., 1-3.A.1.g., 1 3.A.1.h., or 1-3.A.1.i.

1-3.A.1. Electronic items as follows:

1-3.A.1.a. General purpose integrated circuits, as follows:

Note:
Integrated circuits include the following types:

1-3.A.1.b. Microwave or millimetre wave items, as follows:

Technical Note:

For purposes of 1-3.A.1.b., the parameter peak saturated power output may also be referred to on product data sheets as output power, saturated power output, maximum power output, peak power output, or peak envelope power output.

1-3.A.1.c. Acoustic wave devices as follows and specially designed components therefor:

Note:
1-3.A.1.c. does not apply to acoustic wave devices that are limited to a single band pass, low pass, high pass or notch filtering, or resonating function.

1-3.A.1.d. Electronic devices and circuits containing components, manufactured from "superconductive" materials, specially designed for operation at temperatures below the "critical temperature" of at least one of the "superconductive" constituents and having any of the following:

1-3.A.1.e. High energy devices as follows:

1-3.A.1.f. Rotary input type absolute position encoders having an “accuracy” equal to or less (better) than 1.0 second of arc and specially designed encoder rings, discs or scales therefor;

1-3.A.1.g. Solid-state pulsed power switching thyristor devices and 'thyristor modules', using either electrically, optically, or electron radiation controlled switch methods and having any of the following:

Note 1:
1-3.A.1.g. includes:

Note 2:
1-3.A.1.g. does not apply to thyristor devices and 'thyristor modules' incorporated into equipment designed for civil railway or "civil aircraft" applications.

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-3.A.1.g., a 'thyristor module' contains one or more thyristor devices.

1-3.A.1.h. Solid-state power semiconductor switches, diodes, or 'modules', having all of the following:

Note 1:
Repetitive peak off-state voltage in 1-3.A.1.h. includes drain to source voltage, collector to emitter voltage, repetitive peak reverse voltage and peak repetitive off-state blocking voltage.

Note 2:
1-3.A.1.h. includes:

Note 3:
1-3.A.1.h. does not apply to switches, diodes, or 'modules', incorporated into equipment designed for civil automobile, civil railway, or "civil aircraft" applications.

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-3.A.1.h., 'modules' contain one or more solid-state power semiconductor switches or diodes.

1-3.A.1.i.   Intensity, amplitude, or phase electro-optic modulators, designed for analogue signals and having any of the following:

Note:
1-3.A.1.i. includes electro-optic modulators having optical input and output connectors (e.g., fibre-optic pigtails).

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-3.A.1.i., a ‘half-wave voltage’ (‘Vπ’) is the applied voltage necessary to make a phase change of 180 degrees in the wavelength of light propagating through the optical modulator.

1-3.A.2. General purpose “electronic assemblies”, modules and equipment, as follows:

1-3.A.2.a. Recording equipment and oscilloscopes, as follows:

1-3.A.2.b. Not used since 2009

1-3.A.2.c. "Signal analysers" as follows:

1-3.A.2.d. Signal generators having any of the following:

Note 1:
For the purpose of 1-3.A.2.d., frequency synthesized signal generators include arbitrary waveform and function generators.

Note 2:
1-3.A.2.d. does not apply to equipment in which the output frequency is either produced by the addition or subtraction of two or more crystal oscillator frequencies, or by an addition or subtraction followed by a multiplication of the result.

Technical Notes:

1-3.A.2.e. Network analysers having any of the following:

1-3.A.2.f. Microwave test receivers having all of the following:

1-3.A.2.g. Atomic frequency standards being any of the following:

1-3.A.2.h. “ Electronic assemblies”, modules or equipment, specified to perform all of the following:

N.B.:
Digital data recorders, oscilloscopes, “signal analysers”, signal generators, network analysers and microwave test receivers, are specified by 1-3.A.2.a.6.,1-3.A.2.a.7., 1-3.A.2.c., 1-3.A.2.d., 1-3.A.2.e. and 1-3.A.2.f., respectively.

Technical Notes:

Note:
1-3.A.2.h. includes ADC cards, waveform digitizers, data acquisition cards, signal acquisition boards and transient recorders.

1-3.A.3. Spray cooling thermal management systems employing closed loop fluid handling and reconditioning equipment in a sealed enclosure where a dielectric fluid is sprayed onto electronic components using specially designed spray nozzles that are designed to maintain electronic components within their operating temperature range, and specially designed components therefor.

1-3.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-3.B.1. Equipment for the manufacturing of semiconductor devices or materials, as follows and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

1-3.B.2. Test equipment specially designed for testing finished or unfinished semiconductor devices as follows and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

1-3.C. Materials

1-3.C.1. Hetero-epitaxial materials consisting of a "substrate" having stacked epitaxially grown multiple layers of any of the following:

1-3.C.2. Resist materials as follows and "substrates" coated with the following resists:

1-3.C.3. Organo-inorganic compounds as follows:

Note:
1-3.C.3. only applies to compounds whose metallic, partly metallic or non-metallic element is directly linked to carbon in the organic part of the molecule.

1-3.C.4. Hydrides of phosphorus, arsenic or antimony, having a purity better than 99.999%, even diluted in inert gases or hydrogen.

Note:
1-3.C.4. does not apply to hydrides containing 20% molar or more of inert gases or hydrogen.

1-3.C.5. High resistivity materials as follows:

1-3.C.6. Materials, not specified by 1-3.C.1., consisting of a “substrate” specified by 1 3.C.5. with at least one epitaxial layer of silicon carbide, gallium nitride, aluminium nitride or aluminium gallium nitride.

1-3.D. Software

1-3.D.1. "Software" specially designed for the "development" or "production" of equipment specified by 1-3.A.1.b. to 1-3.A.2.h. or 1-3.B.

1-3.D.2. "Software" specially designed for the "use" of equipment specified by 1-3.B.1.a. to 1-3.B.1.f. or 1-3.B.2.

1-3.D.3. ‘ Computational lithography’ “software” specially designed for the “development” of patterns on EUV-lithography masks or reticles.

Technical Note:
‘Computational lithography’ is the use of computer modelling to predict, correct, optimise and verify imaging performance of the lithography process over a range of patterns, processes, and system conditions.

1-3.D.4. "Software" specially designed for the "development" of equipment specified by 1-3.A.3.

1-3.D.5 “Software” specially designed to restore normal operation of a microcomputer, “microprocessor microcircuit” or “microcomputer microcircuit” within 1 ms after an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) or Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) disruption, without loss of continuation of operation.

1-3.E. Technology

1-3.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" or "production" of equipment or materials specified by 1-3.A., 1-3.B. or 1-3.C.;

Note 1:
1-3.E.1. does not apply to "technology" for equipment or components specified by 1-3.A.3.

Note 2:
1-3.E.1. does not apply to "technology" for integrated circuits specified by 1-3.A.1.a.3. to 1-3.A.1.a.12., having all of the following:

Note 3:
1-3.E.1. does not apply to ‘Process Design Kits’ (‘PDKs’) unless they include libraries implementing functions or technologies for items specified by 1-3.A.1.

Technical Note:
A ‘Process Design Kit’ (‘PDK’) is a software tool provided by a semiconductor manufacturer to ensure that the required design practices and rules are taken into account in order to successfully produce a specific integrated circuit design in a specific semiconductor process, in accordance with technological and manufacturing constraints (each semiconductor manufacturing process has its particular ‘PDK’).

1-3.E.2. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note other than that specified by 1-3.E.1. for the "development" or "production" of a "microprocessor microcircuit", "microcomputer microcircuit" or microcontroller microcircuit core, having an arithmetic logic unit with an access width of 32 bits or more and any of the following features or characteristics:

1-3.E.3. Other "technology" for the "development" or "production" of the following:

1-3.E.4. “Technology” “required” for the slicing, grinding and polishing of 300 mm diameter silicon wafers to achieve a ‘Site Front least sQuares Range’ (‘SFQR’) less than or equal to 20 nm at any site of 26 mm x 8 mm on the front surface of the wafer and an edge exclusion less than or equal to 2 mm.

Technical Note
For the purpose of 1-3.E.4., ‘SFQR’ is the range of maximum deviation and minimum deviation from front reference plane, calculated by least square method with all front surface data including site boundary within a site.

Category 4: Computers

Note 1:
Computers, related equipment and "software" performing telecommunications or "local area network" functions must also be evaluated against the performance characteristics of Category 5 - Part 1 (Telecommunications).

Note 2:
Control units which directly interconnect the buses or channels of central processing units, 'main storage' or disk controllers are not regarded as telecommunications equipment described in Category 5 - Part 1 (Telecommunications).

N.B.:
For the status of "software" specially designed for packet switching, see Category 5.D.1. (Telecommunications).

Technical Note:
‘Main storage’ is the primary storage for data or instructions for rapid access by a central processing unit. It consists of the internal storage of a “digital computer” and any hierarchical extension thereto, such as cache storage or non-sequentially accessed extended storage.

Note 3:
Not used since 2015

1-4.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

1-4.A.1. Electronic computers and related equipment, having any of the following and "electronic assemblies" and specially designed components therefor:

1-4.A.2. Not used since 2003

1-4.A.3. "Digital computers", "electronic assemblies", and related equipment therefor, as follows and specially designed components therefor:

Note 1:
1-4.A.3. includes the following:

Note 2:
The status of the "digital computers" and related equipment described in 1-4.A.3. is determined by the status of other equipment or systems provided:

1-4.A.3.a

1-4.A.4. Computers as follows and specially designed related equipment, "electronic assemblies" and components therefor:

Technical Notes:

1-4.A.5. Systems, equipment, and components therefor, specially designed or modified for the generation, command and control, or delivery of “intrusion software”.

1-4.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

None

1-4.C. Materials

None

1-4.D. Software

Note:

The status of "software" for equipment described in other Categories is dealt with in the appropriate Category.

1-4.D.1. "Software" as follows:

1-4.D.2. Not used since 2014.

1-4.D.3. Not used since 2009

1-4.D.4.“Software” specially designed or modified for the generation, command and control, or delivery of “intrusion software”.

Note:

1-4.E. Technology

1-4.E.1. "Technology" as follows:

Note 1:
1-4.E.1.a. and 1-4.E.1.c. do not apply to “vulnerability disclosure” or “cyber incident response”.

Note 2:
Note 1 does not diminish national authorities’ rights to ascertain compliance with 1-4.E.1.a. and 1-4.E.1.c.

Technical Note on 'Adjusted Peak Performance' ('APP')

'APP' is an adjusted peak rate at which "digital computers" perform 64-bit or larger floating point additions and multiplications.

Abbreviations used in this Technical Note
nnumber of processors in the "digital computer"
iprocessor number (i,...n)
tiprocessor cycle time (ti = 1/Fi)
Fiprocessor frequency
Ripeak floating point calculating rate
Wiarchitecture adjustment factor

'APP' is expressed in Weighted TeraFLOPS (WT), in units of 1012 adjusted floating point operations per second.

Outline of 'APP' Calculation Method

Note 1: For processors that perform compound operations in a cycle, such as addition and multiplication, each operation is counted.

Note 2: For a pipelined processor the effective calculating rate R is the faster of the pipelined rate, once the pipeline is full, or the non-pipelined rate.

Note 3: The calculating rate R of each contributing processor is to be calculated at its maximum value theoretically possible before the 'APP' of the combination is derived. Simultaneous operations are assumed to exist when the computer manufacturer claims concurrent, parallel, or simultaneous operation or execution in a manual or brochure for the computer.

Note 4: Do not include processors that are limited to input/output and peripheral functions (e.g., disk drive, communication and video display) when calculating 'APP'.

Note 5: 'APP' values are not to be calculated for processor combinations (inter)connected by "Local Area Networks", Wide Area Networks, I/O shared connections/devices, I/O controllers and any communication interconnection implemented by "software".

Note 6: 'APP' values must be calculated for processor combinations containing processors specially designed to enhance performance by aggregation, operating simultaneously and sharing memory;

Technical Notes:
1. Aggregate all processors and accelerators operating simultaneously and located on the same die.

2. Processor combinations share memory when any processor is capable of accessing any memory location in the system through the hardware transmission of cache lines or memory words, without the involvement of any software mechanism, which may be achieved using “electronic assemblies” specified in 1-4.A.3.c.

Note 7: A 'vector processor' is defined as a processor with built-in instructions that perform multiple calculations on floating-point vectors (one-dimensional arrays of 64-bit or larger numbers) simultaneously, having at least 2 vector functional units and at least 8 vector registers of at least 64 elements each.

Category 5 - Part 1: Telecommunications

Note 1:
The status of components, test and "production" equipment and "software" therefor which are specially designed for telecommunications equipment or systems is determined in Category 5 - Part 1.

N.B.:
For "lasers" specially designed for telecommunications equipment or systems, see 1-6.A.5.

Note 2:
"Digital computers", related equipment or "software", when essential for the operation and support of telecommunications equipment described in this Category, are regarded as specially designed components, provided they are the standard models customarily supplied by the manufacturer. This includes operation, administration, maintenance, engineering or billing computer systems.

1-5.A.1. Systems, Equipment and Components

1-5.A.1. Telecommunications systems, equipment, components and accessories, as follows:

1-5.B.1. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-5.B.1. Telecommunication test, inspection and production equipment, components and accessories, as follows:

1-5.C.1. Materials

None

1-5.D.1. Software

1-5.D.1. "Software" as follows:

1-5.E.1. Technology

1-5.E.1. "Technology" as follows:

Category 5 - Part 2: "Information Security"

Note 1:
Not used since 2015

Note 2:
Category 5 - Part 2 does not apply to products when accompanying their user for the user’s personal use.

Note 3: Cryptography Note
1-5.A.2., 1-5.D.2.a.1., 1-5.D.2.b. and 1-5.D.2.c.1. do not apply to items as follows:

Technical Note:
For the purpose of the Cryptography Note, ‘executable software’ means “software” in executable form, from an existing hardware component excluded from 1-5.A.2  
by the Cryptography Note.

Note:
‘Executable software’ does not include complete binary images of the "software" running on an end-item.

Note to the Cryptography Note:

1-5.A.2. Systems, Equipment and Components

Cryptographic “ Information Security”

1-5.A.2. "Information security" systems, equipment and components, as follows:

N.B.:

For “satellite navigation system” receiving equipment containing or employing decryption see 1-7.A.5., and for related decryption “software” and “technology” see 1-7.D.5. and 1-7.E.1.

Non-Cryptographic “Information Security”

1-5.A.3. Systems, equipment and components, for non-cryptographic “information security”, as follows:

Defeating, Weakening Or Bypassing “Information Security”

1-5.A.4. Systems, equipment and components for defeating, weakening or bypassing “information security”, as follows:

1-5.B.2. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-5.B.2. "Information security" test, inspection and "production" equipment, as follows:

  1. Equipment specially designed for the “development” or “production” of equipment specified by 1-5.A.2 ., 1-5.A.3., 1-5.A.4. or 1-5.B.2.b.;
  2. Measuring equipment specially designed to evaluate and validate the “information security” functions of equipment specified by 1-5.A.2 ., 1-5.A.3. or 1-5.A.4., or of “software” specified by 1-5.D.2.a. or 1-5.D.2.c .;

1-5.C.2. Materials

None

1-5.D.2. Software

1-5.D.2. "software" as follows:

1-5.E.2. Technology

1-5.E.2. "Technology" as follows:

Category 6: Sensors and "Lasers"

1-6.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

1-6.A.1. Acoustics

Acoustic systems, equipment and components, as follows:

1-6.A.1.a. Marine acoustic systems, equipment and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

1-6.A.1.a.1. Active (transmitting or transmitting-and-receiving) systems, equipment and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

Note:
1-6.A.1.a.1. does not apply to equipment as follows:

1-6.A.1.a.2. Passive systems, equipment and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

Note:
1-6.A.1.a.2. also applies to receiving equipment, whether or not related in normal application to separate active equipment, and specially designed components therefor.

Technical Notes:

1-6.A.1.b. Correlation-velocity and Doppler-velocity sonar log equipment, designed to measure the horizontal speed of the equipment carrier relative to the sea bed, as follows:

1-6.A.1.c. Not used since 2010

N.B.:
For diver deterrent acoustic systems see 1-8.A.2.r.

1-6.A.2. Optical Sensors

Optical sensors or equipment and components therefor, as follows:

1-6.A.2.a. Optical detectors as follows:

1-6.A.2.a.1. "Space-qualified" solid-state detectors as follows:

Note

For the purpose of 1-6.A.2.a.1., solid-state detectors include "focal plane arrays".

1-6.A.2.a.2. Image intensifier tubes and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

Note:
1-6.A.2.a.2. does not apply to non-imaging photomultiplier tubes having an electron sensing device in the vacuum space limited solely to any of the following:

1-6.A.2.a.3. Non-"space-qualified" "focal plane arrays" as follows:

N.B.:
'Microbolometer' non-"space-qualified" "focal plane arrays" are only specified by 1-6.A.2.a.3.f.

Technical Note:
Linear or two-dimensional multi-element detector arrays are referred to as "focal plane arrays”;

Note 1:
1-6.A.2.a.3. includes photoconductive arrays and photovoltaic arrays.

Note 2:
1-6.A.2.a.3. does not apply to:

1-6.A.2.b. "Monospectral imaging sensors" and "multispectral imaging sensors", designed for remote sensing applications and having any of the following:

1-6.A.2.c. 'Direct view' imaging equipment incorporating any of the following:

Technical Note:

'Direct view' refers to imaging equipment that presents a visual image to a human observer without converting the image into an electronic signal for television display, and that cannot record or store the image photographically, electronically or by any other means.

Note:
1-6.A.2.c. does not apply to equipment as follows, when incorporating other than GaAs or GaInAs photocathodes:

1-6.A.2.d. Special support components for optical sensors, as follows:

1-6.A.2.e. Not used since 2008

1-6.A.2.f. ‘Read-out integrated circuits’ (‘ROIC’) specially designed for “focal plane arrays” specified by 1-6.A.2.a.3.

1-6.A.3. CAMERAS

Cameras, systems or equipment, and components therefor, as follows:

1-6.A.3.a. Instrumentation cameras and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

Note:
Instrumentation cameras, specified by 1-6.A.3.a.3. to 1-6.A.3.a.5., with modular structures should be evaluated by their maximum capability, using plug-ins available according to the camera manufacturer's specifications.

1-6.A.3.b. Imaging cameras as follows:

Note:
1-6.A.3.b. does not apply to television or video cameras, specially designed for television broadcasting.

1-6.A.3.b.1. Video cameras incorporating solid state sensors, having a peak response in the wavelength range exceeding 10 nm, but not exceeding 30,000 nm and having all of the following:

1-6.A.3.b.2. Scanning cameras and scanning camera systems, having all of the following:

1-6.A.3.b.3. Imaging cameras incorporating image intensifier tubes having the characteristics listed in 1-6.A.2.a.2.a. or 1-6.A.2.a.2.b.;

1-6.A.3.b.4. Imaging cameras incorporating "focal plane arrays" having any of the following:

Note 1:
Imaging cameras specified by 1-6.A.3.b.4. include "focal plane arrays" combined with sufficient "signal processing" electronics, beyond the read out integrated circuit, to enable as a minimum the output of an analogue or digital signal once power is supplied.

Note 2:
1-6.A.3.b.4.a. does not apply to imaging cameras incorporating linear "focal plane arrays" with 12 elements or fewer, not employing time-delay-and-integration within the element and designed for any of the following:

Note 3:
1-6.A.3.b.4.b. does not apply to imaging cameras having any of the following:

Note 4:
1-6.A.3.b.4.c. does not apply to imaging cameras having any of the following characteristics:

1-6.A.3.b.5. Imaging cameras incorporating solid-state detectors specified by 1-6.A.2.a.1.

1-6.A.4. Optics

Optical equipment and components, as follows:

1-6.A.4.a. Optical mirrors (reflectors) as follows:

Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1-6.A.4.a., Laser Induced Damage Threshold (LIDT) is measured according to ISO 21254-1:2011.

Technical Note:
‘Deformable mirrors’ are mirrors having any of the following:

‘Deformable mirrors’ are also known as adaptive optic mirrors.

1-6.A.4.b. Optical components made from zinc selenide (ZnSe) or zinc sulphide (ZnS) with transmission in the wavelength range exceeding 3,000 nm but not exceeding 25,000 nm and having any of the following:

1-6.A.4.c. "Space-qualified" components for optical systems, as follows:

1-6.A.4.d. Optical control equipment as follows:

1-6.A.4.e. 'Aspheric optical elements' having all of the following:

Technical Notes:

1-6.A.4.f. Dynamic wavefront measuring equipment having all of the following:

1-6.A.5. Lasers

"Lasers", components and optical equipment, as follows:

Note 1:
Pulsed "lasers" include those that run in a continuous wave (CW) mode with pulses superimposed.

Note 2:
Excimer, semiconductor, chemical, CO, CO2, and 'non-repetitive pulsed' Nd:glass "lasers" are only specified by 1-6.A.5.d.

Technical Note:
‘Non-repetitive pulsed’ refers to “lasers” that produce either a single output pulse or that have a time interval between pulses exceeding one minute.

Note 3:
1-6.A.5. includes fibre "lasers".

Note 4:
The status of "lasers" incorporating frequency conversion (i.e., wavelength change) by means other than one "laser" pumping another "laser" is determined by applying the specified parameters for both the output of the source "laser" and the frequency-converted optical output.

Note 5:
1-6.A.5. does not apply to "lasers" as follows:

Note 6:
For the purposes of 1-6.A.5.a. and 1-6.A.5.b., ‘single transverse mode’ refers to “lasers” with a beam profile having an M2-factor of less than 1.3, while ‘multiple transverse mode’ refers to “lasers” with a beam profile having an M2-factor of 1.3 or higher.

1-6.A.5.a. Non-"tunable" continuous wave "(CW) lasers" having any of the following:

1-6.A.5.b. Non-"tunable" "pulsed lasers" having any of the following:

1-6.A.5.c. "Tunable" "lasers" having any of the following:

1-6.A.5.d. Other "lasers", not specified by 1-6.A.5.a., 1-6.A.5.b. or 1-6.A.5.c. as follows:

1-6.A.5.e. Components as follows:

1-6.A.5.f. Optical equipment as follows:

N.B.:
For shared aperture optical elements, capable of operating in "Super-High Power Laser" ("SHPL") applications, see 2-19. Note 2.d.

1-6.A.5.g. 'Laser acoustic detection equipment' having all of the following:

1-6.A.6. Magnetic and Electric Field Sensors

"Magnetometers", "magnetic gradiometers", "intrinsic magnetic gradiometers", underwater electric field sensors, "compensation systems", and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

Note:
1-6.A.6. does not apply to instruments specially designed for fishery applications or biomagnetic measurements for medical diagnostics.

1-6.A.6.a. "Magnetometers" and subsystems, as follows:

1-6.A.6.b. Underwater Electric Field Sensors having a 'sensitivity' lower (better) than 8 nanovolt per meter per square root Hz when measured at 1 Hz;

1-6.A.6.c. "Magnetic gradiometers" as follows:

1-6.A.6.d. "Compensation systems" for magnetic or underwater electric field sensors resulting in a performance equal to or better than the specified parameters of 1-6.A.6.a., 1-6.A.6.b., or 1-6.A.6.c.;

1-6.A.6.e. Underwater electromagnetic receivers incorporating magnetic field sensors specified by 1-6.A.6.a. or underwater electric field sensors specified by 1 6.A.6.b.

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-6.A.6., 'sensitivity' (noise level) is the root mean square of the device-limited noise floor which is the lowest signal that can be measured.

1-6.A.7. Gravimeters

Gravity meters (gravimeters) and gravity gradiometers, as follows:

1-6.A.8. Radar

Radar systems, equipment and assemblies, having any of the following, and specially designed components therefor:

Note:
1-6.A.8. does not apply to:

1-6.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-6.B.1. Acoustics

Masks and reticles, specially designed for optical sensors specified by 1-6.A.2.a.1.b. or 1-6.A.2.a.1.d.

1-6.B.2. Optical Sensor

Masks and reticles, specially designed for optical sensors specified by 1-6.A.2.a.1.b. or 1-6.A.2.a.1.d.

1-6.B.3. Cameras

None

1-6.B.4. Optics

Optical equipment as follows:

1-6.B.5. Lasers

None

1-6.B.6. Magnetic and Electric Field Sensors

None

1-6.B.7. Gravimeters

Equipment to produce, align and calibrate land-based gravity meters with a static “accuracy” of better than 0.1 mGal.

1-6.B.8. Radar

Pulse radar cross-section measurement systems having transmit pulse widths of 100 ns or less, and specially designed components therefor.

1-6.C. Materials

1-6.C.1. Acoustics

None

1-6.C.2. Optical Sensors

Optical sensor materials as follows:

Technical Note:
'Mole fraction' is defined as the ratio of moles of ZnTe to the sum of the moles of CdTe and ZnTe present in the crystal.

1-6.C.3. Cameras

None

1-6.C.4. Optics

Optical materials as follows:

1-6.C.5. Lasers

“Laser” materials as follows:

1-6.C.6. Magnetic and Electric Field Sensors

None

1-6.C.7. Gravimeters

None

1-6.C.8. Radar

None

1-6.D. Software

1-6.D.1. "Software" specially designed for the "development" or "production" of equipment specified by 1-6.A.4., 1-6.A.5., 1-6.A.8. or 1-6.B.8.

1-6.D.2. "Software" specially designed for the "use" of equipment specified by 1-6.A.2.b., 1-6.A.8. or 1-6.B.8.

1-6.D.3. Other "software" as follows:

1-6.E. Technology

1-6.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" of equipment, materials or "software" specified by 1-6.A., 1-6.B., 1-6.C. or 1-6.D.

1-6.E.2. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "production" of equipment or materials specified by 1-6.A., 1-6.B. or 1-6.C.

1-6.E.3. Other "technology" as follows:

Category 7: Navigation and Avionics

1-7.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

N.B.:
For automatic pilots for underwater vehicles, see Category 8.
For radar, see Category 6.

1-7.A.1. Accelerometers as follows and specially designed components therefor:

N.B.:
For angular or rotational accelerometers, see 1-7.A.1.b.

1-7.A.2. Gyros or angular rate sensors, having any of the following and specially designed components therefor:

N.B.:
For angular or rotational accelerometers, see 1-7.A.1.b.

1-7.A.3. ‘Inertial measurement equipment or systems’, having any of the following:

Note 1:
'Inertial measurement equipment or systems' incorporate accelerometers or gyroscopes to measure changes in velocity and orientation in order to determine or maintain heading or position without requiring an external reference once aligned. 'Inertial measurement equipment or systems' include:

Note 2:
1-7.A.3. does not apply to ‘inertial measurement equipment or systems’ which are certified for use on "civil aircraft" by civil aviation authorities of one or more Wassenaar Arrangement Participating State.

Technical Note:

1-7.A.4. ‘Star trackers’ and components therefor, as follows:

1-7.A.5. “Satellite navigation system” receiving equipment having any of the following and specially designed components therefor:

N.B.:
For equipment specially designed for military use, see 2-11.

1-7.A.6. Airborne altimeters operating at frequencies other than 4.2 to 4.4 GHz inclusive and having any of the following:

Technical Note:
‘Power management’ is changing the transmitted power of the altimeter signal so that received power at the “aircraft” altitude is always at the minimum necessary to determine the altitude.

1-7.A.7. Not used since 2004

1-7.A.8. Underwater sonar navigation systems using doppler velocity or correlation velocity logs integrated with a heading source and having a positioning “accuracy” of equal to or less (better) than 3% of distance travelled “Circular Error Probable” (“CEP”) and specially designed components therefor.

Note:
1-7.A.8. does not apply to systems specially designed for installation on surface vessels or systems requiring acoustic beacons or buoys to provide positioning data.

N.B.:
See 1-6.A.1.a. for acoustic systems, and 1-6.A.1.b. for correlation-velocity and Doppler-velocity sonar log equipment.
See 1-8.A.2. for other marine systems.

1-7.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-7.B.1. Test, calibration or alignment equipment, specially designed for equipment specified by 1-7.A.

Note:
1-7.B.1. does not apply to test, calibration or alignment equipment for 'Maintenance Level I' or 'Maintenance Level II'.

Technical Notes:

1-7.B.2. Equipment specially designed to characterize mirrors for ring "laser" gyros, as follows:

1-7.B.3. Equipment specially designed for the "production" of equipment specified by 1-7.A.

Note:
1-7.B.3. includes:

1-7.C. Materials

None

1-7.D. Software

1-7.D.1. "Software" specially designed or modified for the "development" or "production" of equipment specified by 1-7.A. or 1-7.B.

1-7.D.2. "Source code" for the operation or maintenance of any inertial navigation equipment, including inertial equipment not specified by 1-7.A.3. or 1-7.A.4., or Attitude and Heading Reference Systems ('AHRS').

Note:

1-7.D.2. does not apply to "source code" for the operation or maintenance of gimballed 'AHRS'.

Technical Note:
'AHRS' generally differ from Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) in that an 'AHRS' provides attitude and heading information and normally does not provide the acceleration, velocity and position information associated with an INS.

1-7.D.3. Other "software" as follows:

1-7.D.4. “Source code” incorporating “development” “technology” specified by 1 7.E.4.a.2., 1 7.E.4.a.3., 1-7.E.4.a.5., 1-7.E.4.a.6. or 1-7.E.4.b., for any of the following:

1-7.D.5. “Software” specially designed to decrypt “Satellite navigation system” ranging code designed for government use.

1-7.E. Technology

1-7.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" of equipment or “software”, specified by 1-7.A., 1-7.B., 1-7.D.1., 1-7.D.2., 1-7.D.3. or 1-7.D.5.

Note:
1-7.E.1. includes key management “technology” exclusively for equipment specified in 1-7.A.5.a.

1-7.E.2. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "production" of equipment specified by 1-7.A. or 1-7.B.

1-7.E.3. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the repair, refurbishing or overhaul of equipment specified by 1-7.A.1. to 1-7.A.4.

Note:
1-7.E.3. does not apply to "technology" for maintenance, directly associated with calibration, removal or replacement of damaged or unserviceable LRUs and SRAs of a "civil aircraft" as described in 'Maintenance Level I' or 'Maintenance Level II'.

N.B.:
See Technical Notes to 1-7.B.1.

1-7.E.4. Other "technology" as follows:

Category 8: Marine

1-8.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

1-8.A.1. Submersible vehicles and surface vessels, as follows:

N.B.:
For the status of equipment for submersible vehicles, see:

1-8.A.2. Marine systems, equipment and components, as follows:

N.B.:
For underwater communications systems, see Category 5 - Part 1 - Telecommunications.

1-8.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

Water tunnels designed to have a background noise of less than 100 dB (reference 1 µPa, 1 Hz) within the frequency range exceeding 0 Hz but not exceeding 500 Hz and designed for measuring acoustic fields generated by a hydro-flow around propulsion system models.

1-8.C. Materials

1-8.C.1. 'Syntactic foam' designed for underwater use and having all of the following:

1-8.D. Software

1-8.D.1. "Software" specially designed or modified for the "development", "production" or "use" of equipment or materials, specified by 1-8.A., 1-8.B. or 1-8.C.

1-8.D.2. Specific "software" specially designed or modified for the "development", "production", repair, overhaul or refurbishing (re-machining) of propellers specially designed for underwater noise reduction.

1-8.E. Technology

1-8.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" or "production" of equipment or materials, specified by 1-8.A., 1-8.B. or 1-8.C.

1-8.E.2. Other "technology" as follows:

Category 9: Aerospace and Propulsion

1-9.A. Systems, Equipment and Components

N.B.:

For propulsion systems designed or rated against neutron or transient ionizing radiation, see the Munitions List.

1-9.A.1. Aero gas turbine engines having any of the following:

1-9.A.2. ‘Marine gas turbine engines’ designed to use liquid fuel and having all of the following, and specially designed assemblies and components therefor:

Note:
The term 'marine gas turbine engines' includes those industrial, or aero-derivative, gas turbine engines adapted for a ship's electric power generation or propulsion.

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-9.A.2., ‘corrected specific fuel consumption’ is the specific fuel consumption of the engine corrected to a marine distillate liquid fuel having a net specific energy (i.e., net heating value) of 42 MJ/kg (ISO 3977-2:1997).

1-9.A.3. Specially designed assemblies or components, incorporating any of the "technologies" specified by 1-9.E.3.a., 1-9E.3.h. or 1-9.E.3.i., for any of the following aero gas engines:

1-9.A.4. Space launch vehicles, “spacecraft”, “spacecraft buses”, “spacecraft payloads”, “spacecraft” on-board systems or equipment, and terrestrial equipment, and air-launch platforms, as follows:

1-9.A.5. Liquid rocket propulsion systems containing any of the systems or components, specified by 1-9.A.6.

1-9.A.6. Systems and components, specially designed for liquid rocket propulsion systems, as follows:

1-9.A.7. Solid rocket propulsion systems having any of the following:

1-9.A.8. Components specially designed for solid rocket propulsion systems, as follows:

1-9.A.9. Hybrid rocket propulsion systems having any of the following:

1-9.A.10. Specially designed components, systems and structures, for launch vehicles, launch vehicle propulsion systems or "spacecraft", as follows:

1-9.A.11. Ramjet, scramjet or ‘combined cycle engines’, and specially designed components therefor.

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1-9.A.11., ‘combined cycle engines’ combine two or more of the following types of engines:
- Gas turbine engine (turbojet, turboprop and turbofan);
- Ramjet or scramjet;
- Rocket motor or engine (liquid/gel/solid-propellant and hybrid).

1-9.A.12. "Unmanned Aerial Vehicles" ("UAVs"), unmanned “airships”, related equipment and components, as follows:

N.B.:
For “UAVs” that are “sub-orbital craft” see 1-9.A.4.h.

1-9.B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment

1-9.B.1. Manufacturing equipment, tooling or fixtures, as follows:

1-9.B.2. On-line (real time) control systems, instrumentation (including sensors) or automated data acquisition and processing equipment, having all of the following:

1-9.B.3. Equipment specially designed for the "production" or test of gas turbine brush seals designed to operate at tip speeds exceeding 335 m/s and temperatures in excess of 773 K (500° C), and specially designed components or accessories therefor.

1-9.B.4. Tools, dies or fixtures, for the solid state joining of "superalloy", titanium or intermetallic airfoil-to-disk combinations described in 1-9.E.3.a.3. or 1-9.E.3.a.6. for gas turbines.

1-9.B.5. On-line (real time) control systems, instrumentation (including sensors) or automated data acquisition and processing equipment, specially designed for use with any of the following:

1-9.B.6. Acoustic vibration test equipment capable of producing sound pressure levels of 160 dB or more (referenced to 20 μPa) with a rated output of 4 kW or more at a test cell temperature exceeding 1,273 K (1,000° C), and specially designed quartz heaters therefor.

1-9.B.7. Equipment specially designed for inspecting the integrity of rocket motors and using Non-Destructive Test (NDT) techniques other than planar x-ray or basic physical or chemical analysis.

1-9.B.8. Direct measurement wall skin friction transducers specially designed to operate at a test flow total (stagnation) temperature exceeding 833 K (560° C).

1-9.B.9. Tooling specially designed for producing gas turbine engine powder metallurgy rotor components having all of the following:

1-9.B.10. Equipment specially designed for the production of item specified by 1-9.A.12.

1-9.C. Materials

None

1-9.D. Software

1-9.D.1. “Software”, not specified in 1-9.D.3. or 1-9.D.4., specially designed or modified for the “development” of equipment or “technology”, specified by 1-9.A., 1-9.B. or 1-9.E.3.

1-9.D.2. “Software””, not specified in 1-9.D.3. or 1-9.D.4., specially designed or modified for the “production” of equipment specified by 1-9.A. or 1-9.B.

1-9.D.3. "Software" incorporating "technology" specified by 1-9.E.3.h. and used in "FADEC Systems" for systems specified by 1-9.A. or equipment specified by 1-9.B.

1-9.D.4. Other "software" as follows:

N.B.:
For “software” items listed in 1-9.A.4.d. that are incorporated into “spacecraft payloads”, see the appropriate Categories.

1-9.D.5.  “Software” specially designed or modified for the operation of items specified by 1‑9.A.4.e. or 1-9.A.4.f.

N.B.:
For “software” items listed in 1-9.A.4.d. that are incorporated into “spacecraft payloads”, see the appropriate Categories.

1-9.E. Technology

Note:
“Development” or “production” “technology” specified by 1-9.E. for gas turbine engines remains specified by 1-9.E. when used for repair or overhaul. Excluded from 1-9.E. are: technical data, drawings or documentation for maintenance activities directly associated with calibration, removal or replacement of damaged or unserviceable line replaceable units, including replacement of whole engines or engine modules.

1-9.E.1. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "development" of equipment or "software", specified by 1-9.A.1.b., 1-9.A.4. to 1-9.A.12., 1-9.B. or 1-9.D.

1-9.E.2. "Technology" according to the General Technology Note for the "production" of equipment specified by 1-9.A.1.b., 1-9.A.4. to 1-9.A.11. or 1-9.B.

N.B.:
For "technology" for the repair of specified structures, laminates or materials, see 1-1.E.2.f.

1-9.E.3. Other "technology" as follows:

1-9.E.3.a. "Technology" "required" for the "development" or "production" of any of the following gas turbine engine components or systems:

1-9.E.3.b. "Technology" "required" for the "development" or "production" of any of the following:

1-9.E.3.c. “Technology” “required” for manufacturing cooling holes, in gas turbine engine components incorporating any of the “technologies” specified by 1-9.E.3.a.1., 1-9.E.3.a.2. or 1-9.E.3.a.5., and having any of the following:

1-9.E.3.d. "Technology" "required" for the "development" or "production" of helicopter power transfer systems or tilt rotor or tilt wing "aircraft" power transfer systems;

1-9.E.3.e. "Technology" for the "development" or "production" of reciprocating diesel engine ground vehicle propulsion systems having all of the following:

1-9.E.3.f. "Technology" "required" for the "production" of specially designed components for high output diesel engines, as follows:

1-9.E.3.g. "Technology" "required" for the "development" or "production" of 'high output diesel engines' for solid, gas phase or liquid film (or combinations thereof) cylinder wall lubrication and permitting operation to temperatures exceeding 723 K (450° C), measured on the cylinder wall at the top limit of travel of the top ring of the piston;

Technical Note:
'High output diesel engines' are diesel engines with a specified brake mean effective pressure of 1.8 MPa or more at a speed of 2,300 r.p.m., provided the rated speed is 2,300 r.p.m. or more.

1-9.E.3.h. "Technology" for gas turbine engine "FADEC systems" as follows:

1-9.E.3.i. "Technology" for adjustable flow path systems designed to maintain engine stability for gas generator turbines, fan or power turbines, or propelling nozzles, as follows:

1-9.E.3.j. “Technology” “required” for the “development” of wing-folding systems designed for fixed-wing “aircraft” powered by gas turbine engines.

N.B.:
For “technology” “required” for the “development” of wing-folding systems designed for fixed-wing “aircraft” specified in 2-10., see 2-22.

Group 2 - Munitions List

Note 1:
Terms in "quotations" are defined terms. Refer to 'Definitions of Terms used in these Lists' annexed to this List. References to the "Dual-Use List" and "Munitions List" within Groups 1 and 2 refer to the "Group 1 - Dual-Use List" and the "Group 2 - Munitions List" respectively.

Note 2:
In some instances chemicals are listed by name and CAS number. The list applies to chemicals of the same structural formula (including hydrates) regardless of name or CAS number. CAS numbers are shown to assist in identifying a particular chemical or mixture, irrespective of nomenclature. CAS numbers cannot be used as unique identifiers because some forms of the listed chemical have different CAS numbers and mixtures containing a listed chemical may also have different CAS numbers.

2-1. Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12.7 mm (calibre 0.50 inches) or less and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

(All Destinations)

Note:
2-1. does not control the following:

2-2. Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12.7 mm (calibre 0.50 inches), projectors specially designed or modified for military use and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

2-3. Ammunition and fuze setting devices, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

(All Destinations)

Note 1:
Specially designed components specified by 2-3. include:

Note 2:
2-3.a. does not apply to any of the following:

Note 3:
2-3.a. does not apply to cartridges specially designed for any of the following purposes:

2-4. Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

N.B. 1:
For guidance and navigation equipment, see 2-11.

N.B. 2:
For Aircraft Missile Protection Systems (AMPS), see 2-4.c.

2-5. Fire control, surveillance and warning equipment, and related systems, test and alignment and countermeasure equipment, as follows, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

2-6. Ground vehicles and components, as follows:

N.B.:

For guidance and navigation equipment, see 2-11.

2-7. Chemical agents, “biological agents ”, "riot control agents", radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials, as follows:

a. “Biological agents” or radioactive materials selected or modified to increase their effectiveness in producing casualties in humans or animals, degrading equipment or damaging crops or the environment;

b. Chemical warfare (CW) agents, including:

2-7.c. CW binary precursors and key precursors, as follows:

2-7.d. "Riot control agents", active constituent chemicals and combinations thereof, including:

Note 1:
2-7.d. does not apply to "riot control agents" individually packaged for personal self-defence purposes.

Note 2:
2-7.d. does not apply to active constituent chemicals, and combinations thereof, identified and packaged for food production or medical purposes.

2-7.e. Equipment, specially designed or modified for military use, designed or modified for the dissemination of any of the following, and specially designed components therefor:

2-7.f. Protective and decontamination equipment, specially designed or modified for military use, components and chemical mixtures, as follows:

2-7.g. Equipment, specially designed or modified for military use designed or modified for the detection or identification of materials specified by 2-7.a., 2-7.b. or 2-7.d., and specially designed components therefor;

Note:
2-7.g. does not apply to personal radiation monitoring dosimeters.

N.B.:
See also 1-1.A.4. on the Dual-Use List.

2-7.h. "Biopolymers" specially designed or processed for the detection or identification of CW agents specified by 2-7.b., and the cultures of specific cells used to produce them;

2-7.i. "Biocatalysts" for the decontamination or degradation of CW agents, and biological systems therefor, as follows:

Note 1:
2-7.b. and 2-7.d. do not apply to the following:

Note 2:
The cultures of cells and biological systems specified by 2-7.h. and 2-7.i.2. are exclusive and these sub-items do not apply to cells or biological systems for civil purposes, such as agricultural, pharmaceutical, medical, veterinary, environmental, waste management, or in the food industry.

2-8. "Energetic materials" and related substances, as follows:

N.B. 1:
See also 1-1.C.11. on the Dual-Use List.

N.B. 2:
For charges and devices, see 2-4. and 1-1.A.8. on the Dual-Use List.

Technical Notes:

2-8.a. “Explosives” as follows, and ‘mixtures’ thereof:

Note:
2-8.a. includes ‘explosive co-crystals’.

Technical Note:
An ‘explosive co-crystal’ is a solid material consisting of an ordered three dimensional arrangement of two or more explosive molecules, where at least one is specified in 2-8.a.

2-8.b. "Propellants" as follows:

2-8.c. “Pyrotechnics”, fuels and related substances, as follows, and ‘mixtures’ thereof:

2-8.d. Oxidizers as follows, and ‘mixtures’ thereof:

Note:
2-8.d.10. does not apply to non-inhibited fuming nitric acid.

2-8.e. Binders, plasticizers, monomers and polymers, as follows:

2-8.f. "Additives" as follows:

2-8.g. "Precursors" as follows:

N.B.:
In 2-8.g. the references are to specified "Energetic Materials" manufactured from these substances.

2-8.h. ‘Reactive material’ powders and shapes, as follows:

Technical Notes:

Note 1:
2-8. does not apply to the following substances unless they are compounded or mixed with the "energetic material" specified by 2-8.a. or powdered metals specified by 2-8.c.:

2-9. Vessels of war (surface or underwater), special naval equipment, accessories, components and other surface vessels, as follows:

N.B.:
For guidance and navigation equipment, see 2-11.

2-9.a. Vessels and components, as follows:

2-9.b. Engines and propulsion systems, as follows, specially designed for military use and components therefor specially designed for military use:

Technical Note:
'Air Independent Propulsion' (AIP) allows a submerged submarine to operate its propulsion system, without access to atmospheric oxygen, for a longer time than the batteries would have otherwise allowed. For the purposes of 2-9.b.4., AIP does not include nuclear power.

2-9.c. Underwater detection devices, specially designed for military use, controls therefor and components therefor specially designed for military use;

2-9.d. Anti-submarine nets and anti-torpedo nets, specially designed for military use;

2-9.e. Not used since 2003

2-9.f. Hull penetrators and connectors, specially designed for military use, that enable interaction with equipment external to a vessel, and components therefor specially designed for military use;

Note:
2-9.f. includes connectors for vessels which are of the single-conductor, multi-conductor, coaxial or waveguide type, and hull penetrators for vessels, both of which are capable of remaining impervious to leakage from without and of retaining required characteristics at marine depths exceeding 100 m; and fibre-optic connectors and optical hull penetrators, specially designed for "laser" beam transmission, regardless of depth. 2-9.f. does not apply to ordinary propulsive shaft and hydrodynamic control-rod hull penetrators.

2-9.g. Silent bearings having any of the following, components therefor and equipment containing those bearings, specially designed for military use:

2-9.h. Nuclear power generating equipment or propulsion equipment, specially designed for vessels specified in 2-9.a. and components therefor specially designed or ‘modified’ for military use.

Technical Note:
For the purpose of 2-9.h.1., ‘modified’ means any structural, electrical, mechanical, or other change that provides a non-military item with military capabilities equivalent to an item which is specially designed for military use.

Note:
2-9.h.1. includes “nuclear reactors”.

2-10. “Aircraft”, “lighter-than-air vehicles”, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles” (“UAVs”), aero-engines and “aircraft” equipment, related equipment, and components, as follows, specially designed or modified for military use:

N.B.:
For guidance and navigation equipment, see 2-11.

2-11. Electronic equipment, “spacecraft” and components, not specified elsewhere on the Munitions List, as follows :

2-12. High velocity kinetic energy weapon systems and related equipment, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

N.B.:

For weapon systems using sub-calibre ammunition or employing solely chemical propulsion, and ammunition therefor, see 2-1. to 2-4.

Note 1:

2-12. includes the following when specially designed for kinetic energy weapon systems:

Note 2:
2-12. applies to weapon systems using any of the following methods of propulsion:

2-13. Armoured or protective equipment, constructions and components, as follows:

2-14. 'Specialised equipment for military training' or for simulating military scenarios, simulators specially designed for training in the use of any firearm or weapon specified by 2-1. or 2-2., and specially designed components and accessories therefor.

Technical Note:
The term 'specialised equipment for military training' includes military types of attack trainers, operational flight trainers, radar target trainers, radar target generators, gunnery training devices, anti-submarine warfare trainers, flight simulators (including human-rated centrifuges for pilot/astronaut training), radar trainers, instrument flight trainers, navigation trainers, missile launch trainers, target equipment, drone "aircraft", armament trainers, pilotless "aircraft" trainers, mobile training units and training equipment for ground military operations.

Note 1:
2-14. includes image generating and interactive environment systems for simulators, when specially designed or modified for military use.

Note 2:
2-14. does not apply to equipment specially designed for training in the use of hunting or sporting weapons.

2-15. Imaging or countermeasure equipment, as follows, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

Note:
2-15.f. includes equipment designed to degrade the operation or effectiveness of military imaging systems or to minimise such degrading effects.

Note :
2-15. does not apply to "first generation image intensifier tubes" or equipment specially designed to incorporate "first generation image intensifier tubes".

N.B.:
For the classification of weapons sights incorporating "first generation image intensifier tubes" see 2-1., 2-2. and 2-5.a.

N.B.:
See also 1-6.A.2.a.2. and 1-6.A.2.b. on the Dual-Use List.

2-16. Forgings, castings and other unfinished products, specially designed for items specified by 2-1.to 2-4., 2-6., 2-9., 2-10., 2-12. or 2-19.

Note:
2-16. applies to unfinished products when they are identifiable by material composition, geometry or function.

2-17. Miscellaneous equipment, materials and “libraries”, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

Technical Note:

2-18. ‘Production’ equipment, environmental test facilities and components, as follows:

Technical Note:
For the purposes of 2-18., the term 'production' includes design, examination, manufacture, testing and checking.

Note:
2-18.a. and 2-18.b. include the following equipment:

2-19. Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) systems, related or countermeasure equipment and test models, as follows, and specially designed components therefor:

Note 1:
EW systems specified by 2-19. include systems whose capability is derived from the controlled application of:

Note 2:
2-19. includes the following when specially designed for DEW:

2-20. Cryogenic and "superconductive" equipment, as follows, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

2-21. "Software" as follows:

2-22. "Technology" as follows:

Note 1:
“Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production”, operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items specified by the Munitions List remains under control even when applicable to any item not specified by the Munitions List.

Note 2:
2-22. does not apply to:

Definitions Of Terms Used In Groups 1 And 2

This document contains the definitions of the terms used in Groups 1 and 2, in alphabetical order.

Note 1: Definitions apply throughout Groups 1 and 2. The references are purely advisory and have no effect on the universal application of defined terms throughout Groups 1 and 2.

Note 2: Words and terms contained in the List of Definitions only take the defined meaning where this is indicated by their being enclosed in quotations marks (" "). Elsewhere, words and terms take their commonly accepted (dictionary) meanings, unless a local definition for a particular control is given.

"Accuracy" - Cat 2, cat 3, cat 6, cat 7, cat 8
(Usually measured in terms of inaccuracy) is the maximum deviation, positive or negative, of an indicated value from an accepted standard or true value.
"Active flight control systems" - Cat 7
Function to prevent undesirable "aircraft" and missile motions or structural loads by autonomously processing outputs from multiple sensors and then providing necessary preventive commands to effect automatic control.
"Active pixel" - Cat 6
A minimum (single) element of the solid state array which has a photoelectric transfer function when exposed to light (electromagnetic) radiation.
"Additives" - 2-8
Substances used in explosive formulations to improve their properties.
"Aircraft" - Cat 1,cat 6, cat 7, cat 9, 2-8, 2-10, 2-14
A fixed wing, swivel wing, rotary wing (helicopter), tilt rotor or tilt-wing airborne vehicle.
“Airship” - Cat 9
A power-driven airborne vehicle that is kept buoyant by a body of gas (usually helium, formerly hydrogen) which is lighter than air.
"All compensations available" - Cat 2
"All compensations available" means after all feasible measures available to the manufacturer to minimise all systematic positioning errors for the particular machine-tool model or measuring errors for the particular coordinate measuring machine are considered.
"Allocated by the ITU" - Cat 3, cat 5P1
The allocation of frequency bands according to the current edition of the ITU Radio Regulations for primary, permitted and secondary services.
N.B.: Additional and alternative allocations are not included.
"Angle random walk" - Cat 7
The angular error build up with time that is due to white noise in angular rate. (IEEE STD 528-2001 ).
"Asymmetric algorithm" - Cat 5P2
A cryptographic algorithm using different, mathematically-related keys for encryption and decryption.
Technical Note:
A common use of "asymmetric algorithms" is key management.
“Authentication” - Cat 5P2
Verifying the identity of a user, process or device, often as a prerequisite to allowing access to resources in an information system. This includes verifying the origin or content of a message or other information, and all aspects of access control where there is no encryption of files or text except as directly related to the protection of passwords, Personal Identification Numbers (PINs) or similar data to prevent unauthorized access.
"Automated Command and Control Systems" - 2-11
Electronic systems, through which information essential to the effective operation of the grouping, major formation, tactical formation, unit, ship, subunit or weapons under command is entered, processed and transmitted. This is achieved by the use of computer and other specialised hardware designed to support the functions of a military command and control organisation. The main functions of an automated command and control system are: the efficient automated collection, accumulation, storage and processing of information; the display of the situation and the circumstances affecting the preparation and conduct of combat operations; operational and tactical calculations for the allocation of resources among force groupings or elements of the operational order of battle or battle deployment according to the mission or stage of the operation; the preparation of data for appreciation of the situation and decision-making at any point during operation or battle; computer simulation of operations.
"Average output power" - Cat 6
The total “laser” output energy, in joules, divided by the period over which a series of consecutive pulses is emitted, in seconds. For a series of uniformly spaced pulses it is equal to the total “laser” output energy in a single pulse, in joules, multiplied by the pulse frequency of the “laser”, in Hertz.
"Basic gate propagation delay time" - Cat 3
The propagation delay time value corresponding to the basic gate used in a "monolithic integrated circuit". For a 'family' of "monolithic integrated circuits", this may be specified either as the propagation delay time per typical gate within the given 'family' or as the typical propagation delay time per gate within the given 'family'.

Technical Notes:

  • 1. "Basic gate propagation delay time" is not to be confused with the input/output delay time of a complex "monolithic integrated circuit".
  • 2. 'Family' consists of all integrated circuits to which all of the following are applied as their manufacturing methodology and specifications except their respective functions:
    • The common hardware and software architecture;
    • The common design and process technology; and
    • The common basic characteristics.
"Basic scientific research" - General Technology Note, 2-22
Experimental or theoretical work undertaken principally to acquire new knowledge of the fundamental principles of phenomena or observable facts, not primarily directed towards a specific practical aim or objective.
"Bias" (accelerometer) - Cat 7
The average over a specified time of accelerometer output, measured at specified operating conditions that has no correlation with input acceleration or rotation. "Bias" is expressed in g or in metres per second2 (g or m/s2). (IEEE Std 528-2001) (Micro g equals 1 x 10-6 g).
"Bias" (gyro) - Cat 7
The average over a specified time of gyro output measured at specified operating conditions that has no correlation with input rotation or acceleration. "Bias" is typically expressed in degrees per hour (deg/hr). (IEEE Std 528-2001).
"Biocatalysts" - 2-7, 2-22
‘Enzymes’ for specific chemical or biochemical reactions or other biological compounds which bind to and accelerate the degradation of CW agents.

Technical Note:
'Enzymes' means "biocatalysts" for specific chemical or biochemical reactions.
“Biological agents” - Cat 1, 2-7
Pathogens or toxins, selected or modified (such as altering purity, shelf life, virulence, dissemination characteristics, or resistance to UV radiation) to produce casualties in humans or animals, degrade equipment or damage crops or the environment.
"Biopolymers" - 2-7
Biological macromolecules as follows:
  • Enzymes for specific chemical or biochemical reactions;
  • Anti-idiotypic, monoclonal, polyclonal‘Anti-idiotypic’, ‘monoclonal’, or anti-idiotypic‘polyclonal’ ‘antibodies’;
  • Specially designed or specially processed 'receptors';

    Technical Notes:
    • 1. 'Anti-idiotypic antibodies' means antibodies which bind to the specific antigen binding sites of other antibodies;
    • 2. 'Monoclonal antibodies' means proteins which bind to one antigenic site and are produced by a single clone of cells;
    • 3. 'Polyclonal antibodies' means a mixture of proteins which bind to the specific antigen and are produced by more than one clone of cells;
    • 4. 'Receptors' means biological macromolecular structures capable of binding ligands, the binding of which affects physiological functions.
"Camming" (axial displacement) - Cat 2
Axial displacement in one revolution of the main spindle measured in a plane perpendicular to the spindle faceplate, at a point next to the circumference of the spindle faceplate (Reference: ISO 230/1 1986, paragraph 5.63).
"Chemical Laser" - Cat 6
A"laser" in which the excited species is produced by the output energy from a chemical reaction.
"Circuit element" - Definitions
A single active or passive functional part of an electronic circuit, such as one diode, one transistor, one resistor, one capacitor, etc.
“Circular Error Probable” (“CEP”) - Cat 7
In a circular normal distribution, the radius of the circle containing 50% of the individual measurements being made, or the radius of the circle within which there is a 50% probability of being located.
"Circulation-controlled anti-torque or circulation-controlled direction control systems" - Cat 7
Control systems using air blown over aerodynamic surfaces to increase or control the forces generated by the surfaces.
“Civil aircraft” - Cat 1, cat 3, cat 4, cat 7, 2-4, 2-10
Those “aircraft” listed by designation in published airworthiness certification lists by civil aviation authorities of one or more Wassenaar Arrangement Participating States to fly commercial civil internal and external routes or for legitimate civil, private or business use.
"Communications channel controller" - Cat 4
The physical interface which controls the flow of synchronous or asynchronous digital information. It is an assembly that can be integrated into computer or telecommunications equipment to provide communications access.
"Compensation systems" - Cat 6
Consist of the primary scalar sensor, one or more reference sensors (e.g. vector magnetometers) together with software that permit reduction of rigid body rotation noise of the platform.
"Composite" - Cat 1, cat 2, cat 6, cat 8, cat 9
A"matrix" and an additional phase or additional phases consisting of particles, whiskers, fibres or any combination thereof, present for a specific purpose or purposes.
"III/V compounds" - Cat 3, cat 6
Polycrystalline or binary or complex monocrystalline products consisting of elements of groups IIIA and VA of Mendeleyev's periodic classification table (e.g., gallium arsenide, gallium-aluminium arsenide, indium phosphide).
"Contouring control" - Cat 2
Two or more "numerically controlled" motions operating in accordance with instructions that specify the next required position and the required feed rates to that position. These feed rates are varied in relation to each other so that a desired contour is generated (Ref. ISO/DIS 2806 - 1980).
"Critical temperature" - Cat 1, cat 3, cat 5P1
(Sometimes referred to as the transition temperature) of a specific "superconductive" material is the temperature at which the material loses all resistance to the flow of direct electrical current.
"Cryptographic activation" - Cat 5P2
Any technique that specifically activates or enables cryptographic capability of an item, by means of a mechanism implemented by the manufacturer of the item, where this mechanism is uniquely bound to any of the following:
  • 1. A single instance of the item; or
  • 2. One customer, for multiple instances of the item.

Technical Note:
1. "Cryptographic activation" techniques and mechanisms may be implemented as hardware, "software" or "technology".
2.    Mechanisms for “cryptographic activation” can, for example, be serial number-based licence keys or authentication instruments such as digitally signed certificates.
 
"Cryptography" - Cat 5P2
The discipline which embodies principles, means and methods for the transformation of data in order to hide its information content, prevent its undetected modification or prevent its unauthorized use. “Cryptography” is limited to the transformation of information using one or more ‘secret parameters’ (e.g., crypto variables) or associated key management.

Note:
1. “Cryptography” does not include ‘fixed’ data compression or coding techniques.
2. “Cryptography” includes decryption.

Technical Notes:
1. 'Secret parameter': a constant or key kept from the knowledge of others or shared only within a group.

2. ‘Fixed’: the coding or compression algorithm cannot accept externally supplied parameters (e.g., cryptographic or key variables) and cannot be modified by the user.
“Cyber incident response” - Cat 4, 2-21
The process of exchanging necessary information on a cybersecurity incident with individuals or organisations responsible for conducting or coordinating remediation to address the cybersecurity incident.
"CW Laser" - Cat 6
A "laser" that produces a nominally constant output energy for greater than 0.25 seconds.
"Data-Based Referenced Navigation" ("DBRN") Systems - Cat 7
Systems which use various sources of previously measured geo-mapping data integrated to provide accurate navigation information under dynamic conditions. Data sources include bathymetric maps, stellar maps, gravity maps, magnetic maps or 3-D digital terrain maps.
"Deactivated firearm" - 2-1
A firearm that has been made incapable of firing any projectile by processes defined by the Wassenaar Arrangement Participating State’s national authority.
These processes permanently modify the essential elements of the firearm.
According to national laws and regulations, deactivation of the firearm may be attested by a certificate delivered by a competent authority and may be marked on the firearm by a stamp on an essential part.
"Development" - General Technology Note, Both Lists
Is related to all stages prior to serial production, such as: design, design research, design analyses, design concepts, assembly and testing of prototypes, pilot production schemes, design data, process of transforming design data into a product, configuration design, integration design, layouts.
"Diffusion bonding" - Cat 1, cat 2, cat 9
A solid state joining of at least two separate pieces of metals into a single piece with a joint strength equivalent to that of the weakest material, wherein the principal mechanism is interdiffusion of atoms across the interface.
"Digital computer" - Cat 4, cat 5P1, 2-21
Equipment which can, in the form of one or more discrete variables, perform all of the following:
  • Accept data;
  • Store data or instructions in fixed or alterable (writable) storage devices;
  • Process data by means of a stored sequence of instructions which is modifiable; and
  • Provide output of data.

Technical Note:
Modifications of a stored sequence of instructions include replacement of fixed storage devices, but not a physical change in wiring or interconnections.

"Digital transfer rate" - Definitions
The total bit rate of the information that is directly transferred on any type of medium. (See also "total digital transfer rate").
"Discrete component" - Definitions
A separately packaged "circuit element" with its own external connections.
"Electronic assembly" - Cat 2, cat 3, cat 4
A number of electronic components (i.e., "circuit elements", "discrete components", integrated circuits, etc.) connected together to perform (a) specific function(s), replaceable as an entity and normally capable of being disassembled.
"End-effectors" - Cat 2, 2-17
Grippers, active tooling units' and any other tooling that is attached to the baseplate on the end of a "robot" manipulator arm.

Technical Note:
'Active tooling units' are devices for applying motive power, process energy or sensing to a workpiece.

"Energetic materials" - Cat 1, 2-8
Substances or mixtures that react chemically to release energy required for their intended application. "Explosives", "pyrotechnics" and "propellants" are subclasses of energetic materials.
"Equivalent Density" - Cat 6
The mass of an optic per unit optical area projected onto the optical surface.
“Equivalent standards” - Cat 1, 2-6, 2-13
Comparable national or international standards recognised by one or more Wassenaar Arrangement Participating States and applicable to the relevant entry.
"Explosives" - Cat 1, 2-8, 2-18,
Solid, liquid or gaseous substances or mixtures of substances which, in their application as primary, booster, or main charges in warheads, demolition and other applications, are required to detonate.
"Expression Vectors" - 2-7
Carriers (e.g., plasmid or virus) used to introduce genetic material into host cells.
"FADEC Systems" - Cat 9
Full Authority Digital Engine Control Systems - A digital electronic control system for a gas turbine engine that is able to autonomously control the engine throughout its whole operating range from demanded engine start until demanded engine shut-down, in both normal and fault conditions.
"Fibrous or filamentary materials" - Cat 1, cat 8, cat 9, 2-13
Include:
  • Continuous monofilaments;
  • Continuous yarns and rovings;
  • Tapes, fabrics, random mats and braids;
  • Chopped fibres, staple fibres and coherent fibre blankets;
  • Whiskers, either monocrystalline or polycrystalline, of any length;
  • Aromatic polyamide pulp.
"Film type integrated circuit" - Cat 3
An array of "circuit elements" and metallic interconnections formed by deposition of a thick or thin film on an insulating "substrate".
"First generation image intensifier tubes" - 2-15
Electrostatically focused tubes, employing input and output fibre optic or glass face plates, multi-alkali photocathodes (S-20 or S-25), but not microchannel plate amplifiers.
“Fly-by-light system” - Cat 7
A primary digital flight control system employing feedback to control the aircraft during flight, where the commands to the effectors/actuators are optical signals.
“Fly-by-wire system” - Cat 7
A primary digital flight control system employing feedback to control the aircraft during flight, where the commands to the effectors/actuators are electrical signals.
"Focal plane array" - Cat 6, cat 8
A linear or two-dimensional planar layer, or combination of planar layers, of individual detector elements, with or without readout electronics, which work in the focal plane.

Note: This definition does not include a stack of single detector elements or any two, three or four element detectors provided time delay and integration is not performed within the element.

"Fractional bandwidth" - Cat 3, cat 5P1, cat 5P2
The "instantaneous bandwidth" divided by the centre frequency, expressed as a percentage.
"Frequency hopping" - Cat 5P1, cat 5P2, cat 6
A form of "spread spectrum" in which the transmission frequency of a single communication channel is made to change by a random or pseudo-random sequence of discrete steps.
"Frequency switching time" - Cat 3
The time (i.e., delay) taken by a signal when switched from an initial specified output frequency, to arrive at or within any of the following:
  • ±100 Hz of a final specified output frequency of less than ±1 GHz; or
  • ±0.1 part per million of a final specified output frequency equal to or greater than 1 GHz.
"Fuel cell" - Cat 8, 2-17
An electrochemical device that converts chemical energy directly into Direct Current (DC) electricity by consuming fuel from an external source.
"Fusible" - Cat 1
Capable of being cross-linked or polymerized further (cured) by the use of heat, radiation, catalysts, etc., or that can be melted without pyrolysis (charring).
“Hard selectors” - Cat 5P1
Data or set of data, related to an individual (e.g., family name, given name, e-mail, street address, phone number or group affiliations).
"Hybrid integrated circuit" - Cat 3
Any combination of integrated circuit(s), or integrated circuit with "circuit elements" or "discrete components" connected together to perform (a) specific function(s), and having all of the following characteristics:
  • Containing at least one unencapsulated device;
  • Connected together using typical IC production methods;
  • Replaceable as an entity; and
  • Not normally capable of being disassembled.
"Image enhancement" - Cat 4
The processing of externally derived information-bearing images by algorithms such as time compression, filtering, extraction, selection, correlation, convolution or transformations between domains (e.g., fast Fourier transform or Walsh transform). This does not include algorithms using only linear or rotational transformation of a single image, such as translation, feature extraction, registration or false coloration.
"In the public domain" - General Technology Note, General Software Note, 2-22
This means "technology" or "software" which has been made available without restrictions upon its further dissemination.

Note:
Copyright restrictions do not remove "technology" or "software" from being "in the public domain".

“Information security” - General Software Note, General Information Security Note, Cat 5P2
All the means and functions ensuring the accessibility, confidentiality or integrity of information or communications, excluding the means and functions intended to safeguard against malfunctions. This includes "cryptography", "cryptographic activation", "cryptanalysis", protection against compromising emanations and computer security.

Technical Note:

'Cryptanalysis': the analysis of a cryptographic system or its inputs and outputs to derive confidential variables or sensitive data, including clear text. (ISO 7498-2-1988 (E), paragraph 3.3.18).

"Instantaneous bandwidth" - Cat 3, cat 5P1
The bandwidth over which output power remains constant within 3 dB without adjustment of other operating parameters.
“Interleaved Analogue-to-Digital Converter (ADC)” – Cat 3
Devices that have multiple ADC units that sample the same analogue input at different times such that when the outputs are aggregated, the analogue input has been effectively sampled and converted at a higher sampling rate.
"Intrinsic magnetic gradiometer" - Cat 6
A single magnetic field gradient sensing element and associated electronics the output of which is a measure of magnetic field gradient.
“Intrusion software” - Cat 4, cat 5P2
“Software” specially designed or modified to avoid detection by ‘monitoring tools’, or to defeat ‘protective countermeasures’, of a computer or network-capable device, and performing any of the following:
  • The extraction of data or information, from a computer or network-capable device, or the modification of system or user data; or
  • The modification of the standard execution path of a program or process in order to allow the execution of externally provided instructions.

Notes:
1. “Intrusion software” does not include any of the following:

  • Hypervisors, debuggers or Software Reverse Engineering (SRE) tools;
  • Digital Rights Management (DRM) “software”; or
  • “Software” designed to be installed by manufacturers, administrators or users, for the purposes of asset tracking or recovery.

2. Network-capable devices include mobile devices and smart meters.

Technical Notes:
1. ‘Monitoring tools’: “software” or hardware devices, that monitor system behaviours or processes running on a device. This includes antivirus (AV) products, end point security products, Personal Security Products (PSP), Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) or firewalls.
2. ‘Protective countermeasures’: techniques designed to ensure the safe execution of code, such as Data Execution Prevention (DEP), Address Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR) or sandboxing.

"Isostatic presses" - Cat 2
Equipment capable of pressurising a closed cavity through various media (gas, liquid, solid particles, etc.) to create equal pressure in all directions within the cavity upon a workpiece or material.
"Laser" - Cat 1, cat 2, cat 3, cat 5P1, cat 6, cat 7, cat 8, cat 9, 2-9, 2-19
An item that produces spatially and temporally coherent light through amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.
“Library” (parametric technical database) - Cat 1, 2-17
A collection of technical information, reference to which may enhance the performance of relevant systems, equipment or components.
"Lighter-than-air vehicles" 2-10
Balloons and “airships” that rely on hot air or on lighter-than-air gases such as helium or hydrogen for their lift.
"Local area network" - Cat 4, cat 5P1
A data communication system having all of the following characteristics:
  • Allows an arbitrary number of independent 'data devices' to communicate directly with each other; and
  • Is confined to a geographical area of moderate size (e.g., office building, plant, campus, warehouse).

Technical Note:
'Data device' means equipment capable of transmitting or receiving sequences of digital information.

"Magnetic gradiometers" - Cat 6
Are designed to detect the spatial variation of magnetic fields from sources external to the instrument. They consist of multiple "magnetometers" and associated electronics the output of which is a measure of magnetic field gradient. (See also "Intrinsic Magnetic Gradiometer")
"Magnetometers" - Cat 6
Are designed to detect magnetic fields from sources external to the instrument. They consist of a single magnetic field sensing element and associated electronics the output of which is a measure of the magnetic field.
"Matrix" - Cat 1, cat 2, cat 8, cat 9
A substantially continuous phase that fills the space between particles, whiskers or fibres.
"Measurement uncertainty" - Cat 2
The characteristic parameter which specifies in what range around the output value the correct value of the measurable variable lies with a confidence level of 95%. It includes the uncorrected systematic deviations, the uncorrected backlash and the random deviations (Reference: ISO 10360-2).
"Microcomputer microcircuit" - Cat 3
A "monolithic integrated circuit" or "multichip integrated circuit" containing an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) capable of executing general purpose instructions from an internal storage, on data contained in the internal storage.

Technical Note:
The internal storage may be augmented by an external storage.

"Microprocessor microcircuit" - Cat 3
A "monolithic integrated circuit" or "multichip integrated circuit" containing an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) capable of executing a series of general purpose instructions from an external storage.

Technical Note:
The "microprocessor microcircuit" normally does not contain integral user-accessible storage, although storage present on-the-chip may be used in performing its logic function.

Note: This definition includes chip sets which are designed to operate together to provide the function of a "microprocessor microcircuit".

"Microprogram" - Definitions
A sequence of elementary instructions maintained in a special storage, the execution of which is initiated by the introduction of its reference instruction into an instruction register.
"Monolithic integrated circuit" - Cat 3
A combination of passive or active "circuit elements" or both which:
  • Are formed by means of diffusion processes, implantation processes or deposition processes in or on a single semiconducting piece of material, a so-called 'chip';
  • Can be considered as indivisibly associated; and
  • Perform the function(s) of a circuit.
“Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit” (“MMIC”) - Cat 3, cat 5P1
A “monolithic integrated circuit” that operates at microwave or millimeter wave frequencies.
"Monospectral imaging sensors" - Cat 6
Are capable of acquisition of imaging data from one discrete spectral band.
"Multichip integrated circuit" - Cat 3
Two or more "monolithic integrated circuits" bonded to a common "substrate".
“Multiple channel Analogue-to-Digital Converter (ADC)” – Cat 3
Devices that integrate more than one ADC, designed so that each ADC has a separate analogue input.
"Multispectral imaging sensors" - Cat 6
Are capable of simultaneous or serial acquisition of imaging data from two or more discrete spectral bands. Sensors having more than twenty discrete spectral bands are sometimes referred to as hyperspectral imaging sensors.
"Network access controller" - Cat 4
A physical interface to a distributed switching network. It uses a common medium which operates throughout at the same "digital transfer rate" using arbitration (e.g., token or carrier sense) for transmission. Independently from any other, it selects data packets or data groups (e.g., IEEE 802) addressed to it. It is an assembly that can be integrated into computer or telecommunications equipment to provide communications access.
"Nuclear reactor" - 2-17
Includes the items within or attached directly to the reactor vessel, the equipment which controls the level of power in the core, and the components which normally contain or come into direct contact with or control the primary coolant of the reactor core.
"Numerical control" - Cat 2
The automatic control of a process performed by a device that makes use of numeric data usually introduced as the operation is in progress (Ref. ISO 2382).
"Object code" - General Software Note
An equipment executable form of a convenient expression of one or more processes ("source code" (or source language)) which has been compiled by a programming system.
“Operations, Administration or Maintenance” (“OAM”) - Cat 5P2
Means performing one or more of the following tasks:
  • a. Establishing or managing any of the following:
    • 1. Accounts or privileges of users or administrators;
    • 2. Settings of an item; or
    • 3. Authentication data in support of the tasks described in paragraphs a.1. or a.2.;
  • b. Monitoring or managing the operating condition or performance of an item; or
  • c. Managing logs or audit data in support of any of the tasks described in paragraphs a. or b.
    Note: “OAM” does not include any of the following tasks or their associated key management functions:
    • a. Provisioning or upgrading any cryptographic functionality that is not directly related to establishing or managing authentication data in support of the tasks described in paragraphs a.1. or a.2. above; or
    • b. Performing any cryptographic functionality on the forwarding or data plane of an item.
"Optical integrated circuit" - Cat 3
A "monolithic integrated circuit" or a "hybrid integrated circuit", containing one or more parts designed to function as a photosensor or photoemitter or to perform (an) optical or (an) electro-optical function(s).
"Optical switching" - Cat 5P1
The routing of or switching of signals in optical form without conversion to electrical signals.
"Overall current density" - Cat 3
The total number of ampere-turns in the coil (i.e., the sum of the number of turns multiplied by the maximum current carried by each turn) divided by the total cross-section of the coil (comprising the superconducting filaments, the metallic matrix in which the superconducting filaments are embedded, the encapsulating material, any cooling channels, etc.).
"Peak power" - Cat 6
The highest power attained in the "pulse duration".
"Personal area network" - Cat 5P2
A data communication system having all of the following characteristics:
  • Allows an arbitrary number of independent or interconnected 'data devices' to communicate directly with each other; and
  • Is confined to the communication between devices within the immediate physical vicinity of an individual person or device controller (e.g., single room, office or automobile ).
    Technical Notes:
    1. ‘Data device’ means equipment capable of transmitting or receiving sequences of digital information.
    2. The “local area network” extends beyond the geographical area of the “personal area network”.
"Precursors" - 2-8
Speciality chemicals used in the manufacture of explosives.
"Principal element" - Cat 4
An element is a "principal element" when its replacement value is more than 35% of the total value of the system of which it is an element. Element value is the price paid for the element by the manufacturer of the system, or by the system integrator. Total value is the normal international selling price to unrelated parties at the point of manufacture or consolidation of shipment.
"Production" - General Technology Note, Both Lists
Means all production stages, such as: product engineering, manufacture, integration, assembly (mounting), inspection, testing, quality assurance.
"Program" - Cat 2, cat 6
A sequence of instructions to carry out a process in, or convertible into, a form executable by an electronic computer.
"Propellants" - 2-8
Substances or mixtures that react chemically to produce large volumes of hot gases at controlled rates to perform mechanical work.
"Pulse compression" - Cat 6
The coding and processing of a radar signal pulse of long time duration to one of short time duration, while maintaining the benefits of high pulse energy.
"Pulse duration" - Cat 6
Duration of a “laser” pulse is the time between the half-power points on the leading edge and trailing edge of an individual pulse.
"Pulsed laser" - Cat 6
A "laser" having a "pulse duration" that is less than or equal to 0.25 seconds.
"Pyrotechnic(s)" - 2-4, 2-8
Mixtures of solid or liquid fuels and oxidizers which, when ignited, undergo an energetic chemical reaction at a controlled rate intended to produce specific time delays, or quantities of heat, noise, smoke, visible light or infrared radiation. Pyrophorics are a subclass of pyrotechnics, which contain no oxidizers but ignite spontaneously on contact with air.
"Quantum cryptography" - Cat 5P2
A family of techniques for the establishment of a shared key for "cryptography" by measuring the quantum-mechanical properties of a physical system (including those physical properties explicitly governed by quantum optics, quantum field theory, or quantum electrodynamics).
"Radar frequency agility" - Cat 6
Any technique which changes, in a pseudo-random sequence, the carrier frequency of a pulsed radar transmitter between pulses or between groups of pulses by an amount equal to or larger than the pulse bandwidth.
"Radar spread spectrum" - Cat 6
Any modulation technique for spreading energy originating from a signal with a relatively narrow frequency band, over a much wider band of frequencies, by using random or pseudo-random coding.
"Radiant sensitivity" - Cat 6
Radiant sensitivity (mA/W) = 0.807 x (wavelength in nm) x Quantum Efficiency (QE).

Technical Note:
QE is usually expressed as a percentage; however, for the purposes of this formula
QE is expressed as a decimal number less than one, e.g., 78% is 0.78.

"Real-time processing" - Cat 6
The processing of data by a computer system providing a required level of service, as a function of available resources, within a guaranteed response time, regardless of the load of the system, when stimulated by an external event.
"Repeatability" - Cat 7
The closeness of agreement among repeated measurements of the same variable under the same operating conditions when changes in conditions or non-operating periods occur between measurements. (Reference: IEEE STD 528-2001 (one sigma standard deviation))
"Required" - Cat 5P1, cat 6, cat 7, cat 9, General Technology Note, 2-22
As applied to "technology", refers to only that portion of "technology" which is peculiarly responsible for achieving or exceeding the controlled performance levels, characteristics or functions. Such "required" "technology" may be shared by different products.
"Riot control agents" - Cat 1, 2-7
Substances which, under the expected conditions of use for riot control purposes, produce rapidly in humans sensory irritation or disabling physical effects which disappear within a short time following termination of exposure. (Tear gases are a subset of "riot control agents".)
"Robot" - Cat 2, cat 8, 2-17
A manipulation mechanism, which may be of the continuous path or of the point-to-point variety, may use sensors, and has all the following characteristics:
  • Is multifunctional;
  • Is capable of positioning or orienting material, parts, tools or special devices through variable movements in three dimensional space;
  • Incorporates three or more closed or open loop servo-devices which may include stepping motors; and
  • Has "user-accessible programmability" by means of the teach/playback method or by means of an electronic computer which may be a programmable logic controller, i.e., without mechanical intervention.

Note: The above definition does not include the following devices:

  • 1. Manipulation mechanisms which are only manually/tele-operator controllable;
  • 2. Fixed sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices, operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The programme is mechanically limited by fixed stops, such as pins or cams. The sequence of motions and the selection of paths or angles are not variable or changeable by mechanical, electronic or electrical means;
  • 3. Mechanically controlled variable sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices, operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The programme is mechanically limited by fixed, but adjustable stops, such as pins or cams. The sequence of motions and the selection of paths or angles are variable within the fixed programme pattern. Variations or modifications of the programme pattern (e.g., changes of pins or exchanges of cams) in one or more motion axes are accomplished only through mechanical operations;
  • 4. Non-servo-controlled variable sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices, operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The programme is variable but the sequence proceeds only by the binary signal from mechanically fixed electrical binary devices or adjustable stops;
  • 5. Stacker cranes defined as Cartesian coordinate manipulator systems manufactured as an integral part of a vertical array of storage bins and designed to access the contents of those bins for storage or retrieval.
"Run-out" (out-of-true running) - Cat 2
Radial displacement in one revolution of the main spindle measured in a plane perpendicular to the spindle axis at a point on the external or internal revolving surface to be tested (Reference: ISO 230/1-1986, paragraph 5.61).
“Sample rate” - Cat 3
For an Analogue-to-Digital Converter (ADC) the maximum number of samples that are measured at the analogue input over a period of one second, except for oversampling ADCs. For oversampling ADCs the “sample rate” is taken to be its output word rate. “Sample rate” may also be referred to as sampling rate, usually specified in Mega Samples Per Second (MSPS) or Giga Samples Per Second (GSPS), or conversion rate, usually specified in Hertz (Hz).
“Satellite navigation system” - Cat 7
A system consisting of ground stations, a constellation of satellites, and receivers, that enables receiver locations to be calculated on the basis of signals received from the satellites. It includes Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Regional Navigation Satellite Systems.
"Scale factor" (gyro or accelerometer) - Cat 7
The ratio of change in output to a change in the input intended to be measured. Scale factor is generally evaluated as the slope of the straight line that can be fitted by the method of least squares to input-output data obtained by varying the input cyclically over the input range.
"Settling time" - Cat 3
The time required for the output to come within one-half bit of the final value when switching between any two levels of the converter.
"Signal analysers" - Cat 3
Apparatus capable of measuring and displaying basic properties of the single-frequency components of multi-frequency signals.
"Signal processing" - Cat 3, cat 4, cat 5P1, cat 6
The processing of externally derived information-bearing signals by algorithms such as time compression, filtering, extraction, selection, correlation, convolution or transformations between domains (e.g., fast Fourier transform or Walsh transform).
"Software" - Both Lists
A collection of one or more "programs" or "microprograms" fixed in any tangible medium of expression.
"Source code" - Cat 6, cat 7, cat 9
A convenient expression of one or more processes which may be turned by a programming system into equipment executable form ("object code" (or object language)).
"Spacecraft" - Cat 9, 2-11
Active and passive satellites and space probes.
“Spacecraft bus” - Cat 9
Equipment that provides the support infrastructure of the “spacecraft” and location for the “spacecraft payload”.
“Spacecraft payload” - Cat 9
Equipment, attached to the “spacecraft bus”, designed to perform a mission in space (e.g., communications, observation, science).
"Space-qualified" - Cat 3, cat 6, cat 7, 2-19
Designed, manufactured, or qualified through successful testing, for operation at altitudes greater than 100 km above the surface of the Earth.

Note: A determination that a specific item is “space-qualified” by virtue of testing does not mean that other items in the same production run or model series are “space-qualified” if not individually tested.
"Specific modulus" - Cat 1
Young's modulus in pascals, equivalent to N/m2, divided by specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of 296 ± 2 K (23 ± 2° C) and a relative humidity of (50 ± 5)%.
"Specific tensile strength" - Cat 1
Ultimate tensile strength in pascals, equivalent to N/m2, divided by specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of 296 ± 2 K (23 ± 2° C) and a relative humidity of (50 ± 5)%.
“Spinning mass gyros” - Cat 7
“Spinning mass gyros” are gyros which use a continually rotating mass to sense angular motion.
"Spread spectrum" - Cat 5P1, cat 5P2
The technique whereby energy in a relatively narrow-band communication channel is spread over a much wider energy spectrum.
"Spread spectrum" radar - see "Radar spread spectrum" - Cat 6
"Stability" - Cat 7
Standard deviation (1 sigma) of the variation of a particular parameter from its calibrated value measured under stable temperature conditions. This can be expressed as a function of time.
Statement of Understanding
For gyroscopes and accelerometers, “stability” can be estimated by determining the Allan variance noise-analysis value at the integration period (i.e., sample time) consistent with the stated measurement period, which may include extrapolating the Allan variance noise analysis beyond the instability point into the rate/acceleration–random walk or rate/acceleration ramp regions to an integration period consistent with the stated measurement period (Reference: IEEE Std 952-1997 [R2008]) or IEEE Std 1293-1998 [R2008]).
“Steady State Mode” - Cat 9
The term “steady state mode” defines engine operation conditions, where the engine parameters, such as thrust/power, rpm and others, have no appreciable fluctuations, when the ambient air temperature and pressure at the engine inlet are constant.
“Sub-orbital craft” - Cat 9
A craft having an enclosure designed for the transport of people or cargo, which is designed to:
a. Operate above the stratosphere;
b. Perform a non-orbital trajectory; and
c. Land back on Earth with the people or cargo intact.
"Substrate" - Cat 3
A sheet of base material with or without an interconnection pattern and on which or within which "discrete components" or integrated circuits or both can be located.
"Substrate blanks" - Cat 6
Monolithic compounds with dimensions suitable for the production of optical elements such as mirrors or optical windows.
"Superalloy" - Cat 2, cat 9
Nickel-, cobalt- or iron-base alloys having a stress rupture life greater than 1000 hours at 400 MPa and an ultimate tensile strength greater than 850 MPa, at 922 K (649° C) or higher.
"Superconductive" - Cat 1, cat 3, cat 5P1, cat 6, cat 8, 2-20
Refers to materials, (i.e., metals, alloys or compounds) which can lose all electrical resistance (i.e., which can attain infinite electrical conductivity and carry very large electrical currents without Joule heating).

Technical Note:
The "superconductive" state of a material is individually characterised by a "critical temperature", a critical magnetic field, which is a function of temperature, and a critical current density which is, however, a function of both magnetic field and temperature.

"Super High Power Laser" ("SHPL") - Cat 6
A "laser" capable of delivering (the total or any portion of) the output energy exceeding 1 kJ within 50 ms or having an average or CW power exceeding 20 kW.
"Superplastic forming" - Cat 1, cat 2
A deformation process using heat for metals that are normally characterised by low values of elongation (less than 20%) at the breaking point as determined at room temperature by conventional tensile strength testing, in order to achieve elongations during processing which are at least 2 times those values.
"Symmetric algorithm" - Cat 5P2
A cryptographic algorithm using an identical key for both encryption and decryption.

Technical Note:
A common use of "symmetric algorithms" is confidentiality of data.

"Technology" - General Technology Note, Both Lists
Specific information necessary for the “development”, “production” or “use” of a product. The information takes the form of ‘technical data’ or ‘technical assistance’. Specified “technology” for the Dual-Use List is defined in the General Technology Note and in the Dual-Use List. Specified “technology” for the Munitions List is defined in 2-22.

Technical Notes:

  • 1. 'Technical data' may take forms such as blueprints, plans, diagrams, models, formulae, tables, engineering designs and specifications, manuals and instructions written or recorded on other media or devices such as disk, tape, read-only memories.
  • 2. 'Technical assistance' may take forms such as instruction, skills, training, working knowledge, consulting services. 'Technical assistance' may involve transfer of 'technical data'.
“Three dimensional integrated circuit” - Cat 3
A collection of semiconductor dies or active device layers, integrated together, and having through semiconductor via connections passing completely through an interposer, substrate, die or layer to establish interconnections between the device layers. An interposer is an interface that enables electrical connections..
"Tilting spindle" - Cat 2
A tool-holding spindle which alters, during the machining process, the angular position of its centre line with respect to any other axis.
"Time constant" - Cat 6
The time taken from the application of a light stimulus for the current increment to reach a value of 1-1/e times the final value (i.e., 63% of the final value).
"Tip shroud" - Cat 9
A stationary ring component (solid or segmented) attached to the inner surface of the engine turbine casing or a feature at the outer tip of the turbine blade, which primarily provides a gas seal between the stationary and rotating components.
"Total control of flight" - Cat 7
Automated control of "aircraft" state variables and flight path to meet mission objectives responding to real time changes in data regarding objectives, hazards or other "aircraft".
"Total digital transfer rate" - Cat 5P1
The number of bits, including line coding, overhead and so forth per unit time passing between corresponding equipment in a digital transmission system. (See also "digital transfer rate")
"Tunable" - Cat 6
The ability of a "laser" to produce a continuous output at all wavelengths over a range of several "laser" transitions. A line selectable "laser" produces discrete wavelengths within one "laser" transition and is not considered "tunable".
“Unidirectional positioning repeatability” - Cat 2
The smaller of values R↑ and R↓ (forward and backward), as defined by 3.21 of ISO 230-2:2014 or national equivalents, of an individual machine tool axis.
"Unmanned aerial vehicle" ("UAV") - Cat 9, 2-10
Any "aircraft" capable of initiating flight and sustaining controlled flight and navigation without any human presence on board.
"Use" - General Technology Note, Dual-Use List
Operation, installation (including on-site installation), maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul and refurbishing.
"User-accessible programmability" - Cat 4, cat 5, cat 6
The facility allowing a user to insert, modify or replace "programs" by means other than:
  • A physical change in wiring or interconnections; or
  • The setting of function controls including entry of parameters.
“Vacuum electronic devices” - Cat 3
Electronic devices based on the interaction of an electron beam with an electromagnetic wave propagating in a vacuum circuit or interacting with radio-frequency vacuum cavity resonators. “Vacuum electronic devices” include klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, and their derivatives.
“Vulnerability disclosure” - Cat 4, 2-21
The process of identifying, reporting or communicating a vulnerability to, or analysing a vulnerability with, individuals or organisations responsible for conducting or coordinating remediation for the purpose of resolving the vulnerability.

Acronyms and Abbreviations used in Groups 1 and 2

An acronym or abbreviation, when used as a defined term, will be found in 'Definitions of Terms used in Groups 1 and 2'.
ADCAnalogue-to-Digital Converter
AGMAAmerican Gear Manufacturers’ Association
AHRSAttitude and Heading Reference Systems
AISIAmerican Iron and Steel Institute
ALEAtomic Layer Epitaxy
ALUArithmetic Logic Unit
AMPSAircraft Missile Protection System
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
APPAdjusted Peak Performance
APUAuxiliary Power Unit
ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
ATCAir Traffic Control
BJTBipolar Junction Transistors
BPPBeam Parameter Product
BSCBase Station Controller
C3ICommand, Communications, Control & Intelligence
CADComputer-Aided-Design
CASChemical Abstracts Service
CCDCharge Coupled Device
CDUControl and Display Unit
CEPCircular Error Probable
CMMCoordinate Measuring Machine
CMOSComplementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CNTDControlled Nucleation Thermal Deposition
CPLDComplex Programmable Logic Device
CPUCentral Processing Unit
CVDChemical Vapour Deposition
CWChemical Warfare
CW(for lasers) Continuous Wave
DACDigital-to-Analogue Converter
DANLDisplayed Average Noise Level
DBRNData-Base Referenced Navigation
DDSDirect Digital Synthesizer
DEWDirected Energy Weapon
DMADynamic Mechanical Analysis
DMEDistance Measuring Equipment
DMOSFETDiffused Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor
DSDirectionally Solidified
EBExploding Bridge
EB-PVDElectron Beam‑Physical Vapour Deposition
EBWExploding bridge wire
ECMelectro-chemical machining
EDMElectrical Discharge Machines
EFIExploding Foil Initiators
EIRPEffective Isotropic Radiated Power
EMCDBElastomer Modified Cast Double Based Propellants
EMPElectromagnetic Pulse
ENOBEffective Number of Bits
ERFElectrorheological Finishing
ERPEffective Radiated Power
ESDElectrostatic Discharge
ETOEmitter Turn-Off Thyristor
ETTElectrical Triggering Thyristor
EUVExtreme Ultraviolet
FADECFull Authority Digital Engine Control
FFTFast Fourier Transform
FPGAField Programmable Gate Array
FPICField Programmable Interconnect
FPLAField Programmable Logic Array
FPOFloating Point Operation
FWHMFull-Width Half-Maximum
GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications
GTOGate Turn-off Thyristor
GVWRGross Vehicle Weight Rating
HBTHetero-Bipolar Transistors
HDMIHigh-Definition Multimedia Interface
HEMTHigh Electron Mobility Transistor
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organisation
IECInternational Electro-technical Commission
IEDImprovised Explosive Device
IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IFOVInstantaneous-Field-of- View
IGBTInsulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
IGCTIntegrated Gate Commutated Thyristor
IHOInternational Hydrographic Organization
ILSInstrument Landing System
IMUInertial Measurement Unit
INSInertial Navigation System
IPInternet Protocol
IRSInertial Reference System
IRUInertial Reference Unit
ISAInternational Standard Atmosphere
ISARInverse Synthetic Aperture Radar
ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
ITUInternational Telecommunication Union
JTJoule-Thomson
LIDARLight Detection and Ranging
LIDTLaser Induced Damage Threshold
LOALength Overall
LRULine Replaceable Unit
LTTLight Triggering Thyristor
MLSMicrowave Landing Systems
MMICMonolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit
MOCVDMetal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition
MOSFETMetal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor
MPMMicrowave Power Module
MRFMagnetorheological Finishing
MRFMinimum Resolvable Feature size
MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging
MTBFMean-Time-Between-Failures
MTTFMean-Time-To-Failure
NANumerical Aperture
NDTNon-Destructive Test
NEQNet Explosive Quantity
NIJNational Institute of Justice
OAMOperations, Administration or Maintenance
OSIOpen Systems Interconnection
PAIPolyamide-imides
PARPrecision Approach Radar
PCLPassive Coherent Location
PDKProcess Design Kit
PINPersonal Identification Number
PMRPrivate Mobile Radio
PVDPhysical Vapour Deposition
QAMQuadrature-Amplitude-Modulation
QEQuantum Efficiency
RAPReactive Atom Plasmas
RFRadio Frequency
RNCRadio Network Controller
ROICRead-out Integrated Circuit
RPVRemotely Piloted Air Vehicles
S-FILStep and Flash Imprint Lithography
SARSynthetic Aperture Radar
SASSynthetic Aperture Sonar
SCSingle Crystal
SCRSilicon Controlled Rectifier
SFDRSpurious Free Dynamic Range
SHPLSuper High Powered Laser
SLARSidelooking Airborne Radar
SOISilicon-on-Insulator
SQUIDSuperconducting Quantum Interference Device
SRAShop Replaceable Assembly
SRAMStatic Random Access Memory
SSBSingle Sideband
SSRSecondary Surveillance Radar
SSSSide Scan Sonar
TE-PVDThermal Evaporation-Physical Vapour Deposition
TIRTotal Indicated Reading
TVRTransmitting Voltage Response
UPRUnidirectional Positioning Repeatability
UTSUltimate Tensile Strength
VJFETVertical Junction Field Effect Transistor
VORVery High Frequency Omni-directional Range
WLANWireless Local Area Network

Guide continued

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