Governance of the natural resource sector
Advancing sustainable development through responsible resource management
Developing countries often face serious challenges in managing their natural resources. Through international development programming in this area we seek to:
- address human rights abuses
- improve transparency and fight corruption
- improve environmental sustainability and management of natural resources
If managed effectively, the extractive sector in resource-rich developing countries has the potential to:
- fuel sustainable and inclusive economic growth
- create jobs
- reduce poverty
International assistance programming
Canada works with resource-rich developing countries to:
Build resource governance capacity
Canada works to assist governments to establish and implement policies and regulations to responsibly and sustainably manage mining and the extraction of natural resources.
Grow businesses and local economic development
We help local businesses provide services in support of the extractive sector, specifically in the areas of:
- skill development
- financial services
This is done in part by facilitating partnerships. We also promote initiatives that reduce economic barriers for women to access employment in and around the extractive sector.
Enable communities to maximize benefits from the extractive sector
We provide support to address socio-economic challenges through training and teach communities how:
- to organize
- to manage
- to plan development projects
This increases the employment opportunities for men, women, and youth.
Advance international standards and guidelines
Canada works to advance international standards and guidelines to improve performance by all actors involved in the extractive sector. This is being partly achieved through such platforms as:
- Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI): a multi-stakeholder initiative which seeks to increase transparency in the oil, gas, and mining sectors.
- Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals, and Sustainable Development (IGF): the only global forum focused on addressing mineral and mining governance challenges and opportunities.
- Canadian engagement in the Voluntary Principles Initiative on security and human rights Initiative : Guidelines for security risks related to the protection of human rights in the extractive sector.
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas
- Kimberley Process Certification Scheme
- United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights
- Canada’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Strategy for the extractive sector abroad promotes internationally-recognized CSR standards and guidelines, and sets out expectations for Canadian companies operating abroad.
Multi-country program focusses on extractive-related development
The Extractives Cooperation for Enhanced Economic Development (EXCEED) is a new multi-country geographic program.
The program is focused on extractives-related development assistance. It addresses the effect of the extractives sector to the socio-economic wellbeing of African women, men and youth.
It seeks to both:
- enhance the contribution
- mitigate the risks
This program includes building the capacity of African governments and organizations to maximize the benefits of their own resource wealth.
For example, EXCEED is funding the African Legal Support Facility to provide legal advice and capacity-building assistance to African governments. This helps to negotiate complex contracts and legal frameworks in the extractive sector.
Projects and initiatives around the globe
Canadian development assistance related to natural resource management focuses on select regions around the globe. These are areas where goals and/or local populations have identified the sector as a priority. Examples include:
The Andean regional initiative: Peru, Bolivia and Colombia
- Provide governments and communities access to resources that help them identify, plan, and manage social and environmental dimensions of extractive development projects.
- Improve the social and economic living conditions of women and men in areas near extractive industry activity (Strengthening Rural Associations in Areas Affected by Resource Extraction Initiative).
- Increase the mining sector contribution to sustainable national and regional economic development by supporting the Ministry of Mines of Ethiopia in strengthening its mining sector:
- Help the Ethiopian education sector prepare male and female graduates in targeted professional areas to benefit from employment opportunities in the extractive sector, such as:
- mining engineering
- Targeted towards the vulnerable and marginalized men and women dependent on the artisanal and small-scale gold mining economy in three targeted districts (Sustainable Development of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining).
- Improve the quality, stability and transparency of Mongolia’s mining-related legislation, policies and regulations through the funding of the Program Support Facility (PSF) in Mongolia.
- Improve the incomes and job opportunities of Mozambicans by creating skills–based training programs and centres of excellence in mining and in oil and gas (Skills for Training Employment).
- Improve the ability of the Government of Mozambique to ensure that community-support projects of extractive companies align with local development plans and needs (Effective Governance of Mining and Gas Impacts).
- Provide assistance to authorities to make environmental assessment of extractive activities more effective (Improving Environmental Management of Mines & Energy).
- Improve the transparency and participatory use of extractive royalties managed by municipal governments (Strengthening Natural Resources Management in Key Regions in Peru).
- Contribute to the prevention and resolution of social conflicts linked to extractives activities (Prevention of Conflicts Over the Use of Natural Resources).
- Promote responsible and sustainable development of the extractive industry by improving the financial systems within the (Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency).
- Strengthen the management, coordination, and governance of the gas sector through support to the Government of Tanzania’s key sector institutions and the Vocational Education Training Authority (Energy Sector Capacity Building).
- International Development Project Browser
- Government of Canada’s 2014 CSR Strategy for the Canadian Extractive Sector
- Office of the Extractive Sector Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Counsellor
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