Canada established diplomatic ties with Madagascar in 1965, five years after Madagascar gained independence. In Madagascar, Canada is represented by the High Commission of Canada in South Africa, in Pretoria, and by an honorary consul located in Antananarivo. In Canada, Madagascar is represented by its embassy in Ottawa.
Canada and Madagascar maintain positive bilateral relations, anchored in common membership in La Francophonie and the United Nations. Canada and Madagascar share similar views on a number of multilateral issues, including gender equality, the environment and climate change.
In 2018, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Madagascar totaled $148.6 million, consisting of $17 million in exports from Canada and $131.7 million in imports from Madagascar. Canada has significant mining investments in Madagascar. Sherritt International, based in Toronto, is the operator of the Ambatovy mining and refining operation, the largest foreign investment in Madagascar.
Madagascar benefits from Canadian international assistance through support to key multilateral and regional organizations active in the country, such as the UN, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the African Union and others. Canada is helping to build the capacity of female Malagasy entrepreneurs to access international markets for their products and is supporting the Malagasy government’s efforts to ensure transparency and accountability in the mining sector. Canada also supports Canadian civil society organizations working with Malagasy organizations to improve access to the labour market for youth; as well as scholarships programs to study in Canada for which Malagasies are eligible. Finally, through the International Youth Internship Program, two multi-sector projects deploy young Canadian interns to Madagascar. In 2017-18, Canada provided $18.24M in international assistance to Madagascar, mainly through institutional support to multilateral organizations with activities in the country. Local organizations can also receive assistance from the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, which has funded projects focused on climate action as well as gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.
Canada also funds regional initiatives in Madagascar in areas such as intra-African trade, climate change resilience and natural resource management.
Partnerships and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Madagascar work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
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