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Canada-Madagascar relations

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Bilateral relations

Canada established diplomatic ties with Madagascar in 1965, five years after Madagascar gained independence. In Madagascar, Canada is represented by the High Commission of Canada in South Africa, in Pretoria, and by an honorary consul located in Antananarivo. In Canada, Madagascar is represented by its embassy in Ottawa.

Canada and Madagascar maintain positive bilateral relations, anchored in common membership in La Francophonie and the United Nations. Canada and Madagascar share similar views on a number of multilateral issues, including gender equality, the environment and climate change.

Trade relations

In 2021, two-way merchandise trade between Canada and Madagascar totaled $204.6 million, consisting of $11.1 million in exports from Canada and $193.5 million in imports from Madagascar. For the same year, the Canadian direct investment position in Madagascar was $31.0 million, as it was in 2020. Commercial opportunities exist in the areas of mining and education. As a francophone country, Madagascar’s post-secondary students consider Canada a destination of choice, and many of Canada’s universities have forged partnerships with Malagasy schools. 

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Madagascar benefits from Canadian international assistance through support to key multilateral and regional organizations active in the country, such as the UN, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the African Union and others. Canada is helping to build the capacity of female Malagasy entrepreneurs to access international markets for their products and is supporting the Malagasy government’s efforts to ensure transparency and accountability in the mining sector. Canada also supports Canadian civil society organizations working with Malagasy organizations to improve access to the labour market for youth. Finally, through the International Youth Internship Program, two multi-sector projects deploy young Canadian interns to Madagascar. In 2020-21, Canada provided $21.06M in international assistance to Madagascar, mainly through institutional support to multilateral organizations with activities in the country.

Canada also funds regional initiatives in Madagascar in areas such as intra-African trade, climate change resilience and natural resource management.

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Partnerships and organizations

To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Madagascar work closely in multilateral fora, such as:

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