Canada-the Republic of Korea relations
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Canada and the Republic of Korea (commonly known as South Korea) enjoy close relations, strengthened by people-to-people ties and Canada’s first and only bilateral free trade agreement in the Indo-Pacific region - the Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement. Canada’s involvement during the Korean War (1950-1953) and sustained political and economic cooperation also contribute to this relationship. The friendly bilateral relationship continues to develop as South Korea becomes an increasingly important strategic and economic partner as well as a like-minded ally in multilateral forums.
This is reflected in the Canada-Korea Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, established in September 2022 by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President Yoon Suk Yeol, and based on five shared priorities in the area of: values/human rights; security and defence; economic prosperity and security; climate change, the environment and sustainability; and health and culture. Canada is represented in South Korea at an Embassy in Seoul and a Consulate in Busan. In Canada, South Korea is represented by an Embassy in Ottawa, and the Consulate General in Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal.
Canada and Korea share strong people-to-people linkages stemming from historical connections, which are enhanced by increasing immigration and tourism flows, as well as business visitors. South Korea has also long been and continues to be one of Canada’s top source countries of international students. In addition, up to 4,000 Korean youth travel to Canada annually for a working holiday. Over 220,000 Canadians identify themselves as being of Korean origin. Over 27,000 Canadians currently reside in South Korea, including about 3,200 English language teachers. There are approximately 3,000 Korean-born adoptees in Canada.
South Korea is Canada’s 7th largest trading partner, 6th largest merchandise export market, and 6th largest source of merchandise imports. Canada-Korea two-way merchandise trade is robust, reaching $21.87 billion in 2022. In the same year, Canada imported $13.2 billion and exported $8.6 billion of merchandise to Korea, consisting primarily of mineral ores, mineral fuels and oils, precious stones and metals, pulp of wood and meat.
- Trade and investment agreements
- Import / Export controls
- Doing business in the Republic of Korea
- Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Critical Mineral Supply Chains, the Clean Energy Transition and Energy Security
Defence and Security Cooperation
Canada is committed to a close relationship with South Korea, including working together to maintain regional peace and security on the Korean Peninsula and to uphold the rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific region.
Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy identifies South Korea as a strong democratic partner with which we share bilateral and global strategic interests. The Strategy commits Canada to support the Republic of Korea’s efforts to achieve a denuclearized, peaceful and prosperous Korean Peninsula. To do so, Canada is building on long-standing defence and security ties, including through the United Nations Command (UNC) and via joint efforts to address the threats posed by North Korea’s illicit weapons programs.
Canada remains gravely concerned about North Korea’s provocative and destabilizing actions, including its ballistic missile launches, and coordinates closely with South Korea in response to these activities.
Canada and Korean War
As a member of the United Nations, Canada answered the call from the UN Security Council to support South Korea following its sudden invasion by North Korea on June 25th, 1950. Canadian naval ships arrived in the Korean Theatre of Operations on 30 July 1950. Over the course of the war, Canada dispatched 26,791 soldiers to South Korea between 1950 and 27 July 1953, making it the third largest contributor to the war effort among UN sending states. 516 Canadians made the ultimate sacrifice. 378 soldiers are buried in the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea and 117 soldiers are interred in Canada and Japan. The remains of a further 16 soldiers have not been found and five sailors were lost at sea. Canada’s contributions to the defence of South Korea and to upholding freedom remain an important foundation of the Canada-South Korea relationship to the present day.
Canadian Armed Forces representation
The Canadian Armed Forces have maintained a continuous presence in the United Nations Command (UNC) since the Korean War. The UNC Military Armistice Commission, headquartered in Seoul and Panmunjom, is responsible for supervising the 244-kilometre-long Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) under the authority of the Armistice Agreement concluded on 27 July 1953. Although the armistice ended hostilities, the two Koreas technically remain at war as a formal peace treaty has never been signed. Canada contributes one senior officer (Colonel or Navy Captain, as Canadian Defence Attaché) and one Sergeant (the Canadian Defence Assistant Attaché) as a Liaison Team to the UNC and participates in Guard Post inspections, investigations of cease-fire violations and other events and ceremonies including repatriation of war remains from the Korean Peninsula. There are a number of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) officers embedded with the UNC in South Korea and with the UNC (Rear) in Japan.
Military relations with South Korea
Canadian Defence Attachés have resided in Seoul since 1979. South Korea also maintains a Defence Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in Ottawa. Defence relations between the Republic of Korea and Canada are robust and continue to grow. Today, bilateral defence cooperation includes reciprocal training, participation in joint and multilateral exercises, official visits and exchanges of information.
Korean War commemorative and Remembrance activities in Korea
Canadian veterans of the Korean War return to visit South Korea every year in April under programs sponsored by the Korean Veterans Association of Korea and the South Korean Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs. The Canadian Defence Relations Office, on behalf of Veteran's Affairs Canada and the Department of National Defence Canada supports these visits and other commemorative activities.
Poppies are worn 2 weeks before the Canadian Remembrance Day of 11 November to commemorate the sacrifices of those who fought and died during the wars of the 20th century including the Korean War.
Office of the Canadian Defence Attaché
Tel.: 822 3783 6251
Fax: 822 3783 6139
Partnerships and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and the Republic of Korea work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
- La Francophonie
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- International Criminal Court (ICC)
- Multilateral Organization Performance Assessment Network (MOPAN)
- Open Government Partnership (OGP)
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- Pacific Alliance
- United Nations (UN)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
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