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The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) was signed on October 30, 2016, and entered into force provisionally on September 21, 2017. Since then, CETA has been providing Canadians and European businesses with preferential access to each other’s markets, and all economically significant parts of the agreement, with the exception of some parts of the Investment Chapter, are now in force. The agreement will take full effect once all EU member states have formally ratified it. This process is ongoing.

This timeline provides more information on the milestones and achievements that have gone into finalizing the agreement.

  • September 2018 – CETA Joint Committee inaugural meeting in Montréal, Canada
  • September 21, 2017 – CETA enters into force provisionally
  • May 2017 – Canadian bill to implement CETA granted royal assent
  • February 2017 – European Parliament approves CETA
  • October 2016 – Canada and EU sign historic trade agreement during EU-Canada Summit
  • July 2016 – European Commission (EC) officially refers CETA to the Council of the EU with a proposal for its approval and signature
  • February 2016 – Canada and EU announce completion of the legal review of the agreement’s English text
  • September 2014 – Leaders release agreement’s completed text at Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa It is published in Canada in both official languages
  • August 2014 – Canada and EU announce complete text of the Canada-EU Trade Agreement, marking the conclusion of negotiations
    • Canada and EU proceed with thorough legal review and translation of text into the other 22 EU treaty languages
  • October 2013 – Canada and EU announce agreement in principle
  • February 2013 – Canadian and EU trade and agriculture ministers meet in Ottawa to further narrow outstanding issues in the negotiations
  • November 2012 – Canadian and EU trade and agriculture ministers meet in Brussels, Belgium, to take stock of progress and discuss outstanding issues
  • February 2012 – Federal, provincial and territorial ministers responsible for international trade meet in Ottawa and recognize trade negotiations with the EU as a priority
  • October 2011 – Nine formal rounds of negotiations completed, with significant progress made across all sectors
    • Negotiations move into a more intensive and focused phase
  • December 2010 – Canadian and EU trade ministers meet to take stock of progress to date, instructing negotiators to maintain the pace and ambition of negotiations
  • October 2009 – Successful and productive first round of negotiations toward an agreement held in Ottawa
    • Both sides make efforts to identify common ground and set ambitious negotiating timeline
  • May 2009 – Canada and EU announce launch of trade negotiations at the Canada-EU Summit in Prague, Czech Republic
  • March 2009 – Canada-EU joint report defining scope of potential negotiations finalized
  • December 2008 – Notice published in Canada Gazette on December 20, 2008, seeking input from Canadians on the possibility of negotiating a trade agreement with the EU
  • October 2008 – Canada and EU issue joint study, “Assessing the Costs and Benefits of a Closer EU-Canada Economic Partnership,” which provides supporting rationale for launch of negotiations
  • June 2007 – At the 2007 European Union (EU)-Canada Summit in Berlin, Germany, Canadian and EU leaders agree to conduct joint study to examine costs and benefits of pursuing a closer economic partnership
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