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Canada and Latvia enjoy an excellent relationship. Bilateral meetings and exchanges take place on a regular and ongoing basis. Canada did not recognize the Soviet annexation of the Baltic States and was the first G7 country to recognize the restoration of Latvia's independence in 1991.
Canada is represented in Latvia by an Embassy in Riga. Latvia is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Ottawa. Latvia also has Honorary Consulates in Alberta, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec.
Canada and Latvia enjoy a mutually beneficial trade and investment relationship. In February 2017, Latvia became the first EU Member State to ratify the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Strategic Partnership Agreement. Bilateral merchandise trade between Canada and Latvia totalled almost $464 million in 2021 with nearly $358 million in exports and nearly $106 million in imports from Latvia.
Canada was the first country to ratify Latvia's accession to NATO in 2004. NATO has established an enhanced Forward Presence of multinational NATO battlegroups deployed in Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania and Poland. Through Operation REASSURANCE, Canada is leading the multinational deployment in Latvia as Framework Nation, contributing 540 troops. In addition, Canada contributes to the NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence located in Riga.
Canadian Armed Forces personnel also train and exercise side-by-side with their Latvian counterparts, and participate in NATO Force Integration Units in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia.
Partnerships and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Latvia work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
- European Union
- La Francophonie
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- International Criminal Court (ICC)
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
- Open Government Partnership (OGP)
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
- United Nations (UN)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
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