2016 marked the 25th anniversary of the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Canada and Lithuania, and our ties have never been stronger. Canada did not recognize the Soviet annexation of the Baltic States and was one of the first countries to recognize the restoration of Lithuania's independence. Lithuania is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Ottawa. Lithuania also has Honorary Consulates in Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto and Montreal. Canada’s Ambassador to Lithuania is based in Latvia, and he is represented in Lithuania by the Office of the Embassy of Canada in Vilnius.
Bilateral merchandise trade between Canada and Lithuania totalled $316.6 million at the end of 2018. For the same year, Canadian merchandise exports to Lithuania reached $105.6 million, and included machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, aircraft equipment and parts, and fish and seafood. Canadian merchandise imports from Lithuania reached $211.0 million in 2018 and included mineral fuels and oils, furniture and bedding, fish and seafood, articles of iron and steel, and scientific and precision instruments.
Trade and investment agreements
Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and Lithuania:
- Canada-European Union: Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA)
For more information, consult trade and investment agreements.
Canada was one of the first countries to ratify Lithuania's accession to NATO in 2004, and Canada and Lithuania continue to enjoy positive and constructive defence relations, mainly through the NATO framework.
Canada’s engagement in the Baltic region has been increasing in line with NATO’s strengthened assurance and deterrence measures in the region. The most visible element of this defence posture is the establishment of NATO’s enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) in Central and Eastern Europe, made up of multinational NATO battlegroups deployed in Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, and Poland. Canada has taken a leading role as eFP Framework Nation in Latvia, and has deployed Canadian troops into the battlegroup under Operation REASSURANCE. Canada also contributes Canadian Armed Forces personnel to the NATO Force Integration Unit in Lithuania. Canada contributed $1 million to the NATO Energy Security Centre of Excellence based in Vilnius, Lithuania to help improve energy efficiency in the operational environment and reduce dependency on energy supply chains.
Partners and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Lithuania work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
- European Union
- La Francophonie
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- International Criminal Court (ICC)
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
- Open Government Partnership (OGP)
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
- United Nations (UN)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
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