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Canada-Norway relations

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Bilateral relations

Canada and Norway established diplomatic relations in 1942 and today enjoy excellent bilateral relations based on shared commercial and foreign policy interests, and significant people-to-people connections. Canada and Norway work closely in multilateral forums, prioritizing work to support human rights, democracy, and climate change, as well as within the Arctic Council to benefit the Arctic and High North regions and the people living there, including Indigenous Peoples. As NATO Allies and transatlantic partners, Canada and Norway enjoy a long tradition of cooperation to advance our collective security and international peace and stability.

The Canada and Norway Youth Mobility Memorandum of Understanding (International Experience Canada) enables young Norwegians and Canadians to travel and work in each other’s countries since 2007. There is also a growing number of research and academic mobility partnerships between Canada and Norway.

Canada is represented in Norway by the Embassy of Canada to Norway, in Oslo, and an Honorary Consulate in Stavanger. In Canada, Norway maintains an Embassy in Ottawa and Honorary Consulates in Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Québec, Regina, Fredericton, St. John’s, Winnipeg, Toronto and Vancouver. 

Trade relations

Canada and Norway enjoy a strong bilateral trading relationship, valued in 2022 at $4.9 billion, with merchandise exports to Norway totalling nearly $3.9 billion and imports from Norway of almost $1.07 billion. Bilateral investment is strong, valued at $8.4 billion in 2021. Canada and Norway benefit from the free trade agreement between Canada and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, a goods-only trade agreement that entered into force on July 1, 2009. Canadian merchandise exports to Norway are dominated by nickel, precious stones and metals, base metals, copper and machinery. Canadian merchandise imports from Norway are dominated by mineral fuels and oils, fish and seafood, iron and steel, machinery and electronics. There is strong trade potential in other areas such as clean technology, green energy, blue economy and aquaculture. Bilateral trade in services is also significant, valued at $992 million in 2022, with Canadian exports to Norway totalling $369 million and Canadian imports amounting to $623 million.

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Partnerships and organizations

To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Norway work closely in multilateral fora, such as:

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